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While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 11:11
2
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:05) correct 30% (01:25) wrong based on 453 sessions

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While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact laws, their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they exercised considerable influence.

(A) their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they
(B) its decrees generally were obeyed as if to be law, and through these it
(C) their decrees, generally obeyed as law, through it they
(D) its decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them it
(E) their decrees were generally obeyed as was the law, and through it they



The original in this sentence is loaded with pronoun problems. Do you see them all? Here's a blog that discusses the major pronoun problems in GMAT SC questions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-pronoun-traps/
You will find a full explanation of the question there.

Experts: anything you would like to add about pronouns and typical pronoun mistakes on the GMAT SC?

Mike :-)

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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 11:19
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Hi mike,

even though I picked D,I have a question about "like": "like" should express comparisons and not express function (this is the case IMO), am I wrong?
Thanks
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 11:42
Zarrolou wrote:
Hi mike,

even though I picked D,I have a question about "like": "like" should express comparisons and not express function (this is the case IMO), am I wrong?
Thanks

"like" in this case is actually expressing comparison.... Comparison between decrees and law....
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 11:49
While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact laws, their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they exercised considerable influence.
(A) their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they Senate on a whole is one body, so use singular pronoun
(B) its decrees generally were obeyed as if to be law, and through these it We are comparing decrees to law; we are not saying decress is law. Also wordy construction
(C) their decrees, generally obeyed as law, through it they pronoun error again as in A
(D) its(Senate) decrees generally were obeyed like law (Comparison between nouns decrees and law), and through them (decrees which is plural) it (Senate)
(E) their decrees were generally obeyed as was the law, and through it they pronoun error, wordy, ambiquity

Answer D
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2014, 11:27
mikemcgarry wrote:
While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact laws, their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they exercised considerable influence.
(A) their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they
(B) its decrees generally were obeyed as if to be law, and through these it
(C) their decrees, generally obeyed as law, through it they
(D) its decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them it
(E) their decrees were generally obeyed as was the law, and through it they


The original in this sentence is loaded with pronoun problems. Do you see them all? Here's a blog that discusses the major pronoun problems in GMAT SC questions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-pronoun-traps/
You will find a full explanation of the question there.

Experts: anything you would like to add about pronouns and typical pronoun mistakes on the GMAT SC?

Mike :-)

Mike In this sentence should'nt have be replaced with has. : While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have/has the power to enact laws, their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they exercised considerable influence.
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2014, 11:59
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282552 wrote:
Mike In this sentence should'nt have be replaced with has. : While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have/has the power to enact laws, their decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them they exercised considerable influence.

Dear 282552,
This is a funny point of English grammar. When the verb "to have" is use with an auxiliary verb, it always appears in its infinitive form, which is identical to the plural.

Without auxiliary verb:
he has (singular form)
they have (plural form)

he doesn't have ("do" in singular form, "have" in infinitive form)
they don't have ("do" in plural form, "have" in infinitive form)

You can see more about auxiliary verbs here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/auxiliary- ... -the-gmat/

Let me know if you have any further questions.
Mike :-)
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2018, 12:52
please explain this ..Why D not A
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While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2018, 14:38
Hi mikemcgarry

(B) its decrees generally were obeyed as if to be law, and through these it

(D) its decrees generally were obeyed like law, and through them it


Does only the difference in second parts make options correct/incorrect (because we have to refer to the object with whom/them)?

As I understand that in B "as if [decrees were] to be law" is the subjunctive + ellipsis, and is legit itself?

Thanks.
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 01:37

Official Explanation


Split #1: the Senate of the Roman Republic is a collective noun. Yes, it had many members, but like all collective nouns, it is singular. It would take a singular verb in the present tense, and it demands a singular pronoun --- "it" and "its". Choices (A) & (C) & (E) make the mistake of using the plural pronouns, "they" and their", so these are wrong. Choice (A) compounds the mistake with the phrase "through them they …", using the same pronoun with two different antecedents.

Split #2: The word "decrees" is plural and demands the plural pronoun. (C) & (E) make the additional mistake of referring to "decrees" with the singular pronouns.

Split #3: the comparison. We are comparing the subject to subject, noun to noun, so the word "like" is perfectly acceptable ---- "decrees …. like laws". This is what (A) & (D) have. If we use the word "as", we need a whole phrase --- the construction "as was the law" in (E) is acceptable but wordy. The "as" + [noun] construction of (C), "as law", is not favored by the GMAT. Choice (B) has the atrocious "as if to be law" --- wordy, tentative, hypothetical, and grammatically incorrect: take that out back and shoot it!

The only possible answer is (D).
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Re: While the Senate of the Roman Republic did not have the power to enact &nbs [#permalink] 25 Aug 2018, 01:37
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