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WHO vs WHOM

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Intern
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Joined: 10 Jan 2018
Posts: 13
WHO vs WHOM [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 09:57
Who is used as the subject of the verb in a relative clause, whereas whom is used as the object of the verb
or of a preposition.
Wrong: The security guard WHO we met was nice.
Right: The security guard WHOM we met was nice.

The above example is taken from GMAT guide. Someone, please explain why WHO is not correct in the sentence.
As per my understanding, "the security guard" is a subject and hence WHO should be used.

Thanks
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Re: WHO vs WHOM [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 10:12
Hey somey ,

Here is the article that will clear all your doubts: https://gmat.economist.com/gmat-advice/ ... ho-vs-whom

Thanks
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Re: WHO vs WHOM [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 10:30
somey wrote:
Who is used as the subject of the verb in a relative clause, whereas whom is used as the object of the verb
or of a preposition.
Wrong: The security guard WHO we met was nice.
Right: The security guard WHOM we met was nice.

The above example is taken from GMAT guide. Someone, please explain why WHO is not correct in the sentence.
As per my understanding, "the security guard" is a subject and hence WHO should be used.

Thanks


Hi
In the example above, the subject is 'We' and not 'The security guard'. 'The security guard' is the object here since 'we met' tells something being done to the object. Hence 'whom' is appropriate here.
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Director
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Re: WHO vs WHOM [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 10:49
somey wrote:
Who is used as the subject of the verb in a relative clause, whereas whom is used as the object of the verb
or of a preposition.
Wrong: The security guard WHO we met was nice.
Right: The security guard WHOM we met was nice.

The above example is taken from GMAT guide. Someone, please explain why WHO is not correct in the sentence.
As per my understanding, "the security guard" is a subject and hence WHO should be used.

Thanks

Hi somey, let's look at this sentence:

The security guard whom we met was nice.

This sentence has two clauses:
i) The security guard was nice.
ii) whom we met

Each clause has its own subject and verb. Now, it should be clear:

i) The security guard was nice.
security guard is the subject and was is the verb.

ii) whom we met
we is the subject and met is the verb.
_________________

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Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

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Re: WHO vs WHOM [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 19:28
Top Contributor
Quote:
Wrong: The security guard WHO we met was nice.
Right: The security guard WHOM we met was nice.

The above example is taken from GMAT guide. Someone, please explain why WHO is not correct in the sentence.
As per my understanding, "the security guard" is a subject and hence WHO should be used.


There's actually a little trick you can do here.

Replace the word "who/whom" with "he/him"

Read it backwards - and if sounds better to use "him" - then use the corresponding 'm' with "whom"...

So in the above example, you see "WHOM we met" vs "WHO we met" -- now read it backwards.

"We met HIM" or "We met HE" ??

Which one is better?

Obviously, "We met HIM" is better -- therefore, we use the corresponding word with 'm' --- which is "whom."

So use WHOM -- when it sounds better reading backwards with the corresponding HIM. Otherwise, use WHO.

www.gmatpill.com
Re: WHO vs WHOM   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2018, 19:28
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WHO vs WHOM

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