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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2005, 17:25
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 776
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2005, 19:22
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Paul wrote:
Had some trouble b/w A and B. I think A on second thought is better


I had the same trouble but I think I will go for B.
I think A has following problem:

1.wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of

THEY has no Referant. It reads to me as if WASPS consist of... where as it's the socitey.


For E ..."IT" is intrusive and has no referant. It breaks IIism and moreover "almost" is awakward and changes the meaning too.


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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2005, 19:32
Hmmm, I went for B first but I see my mistake now by switching to A :hair . A's appositive structure includes a verb but yet, "consist of" should not be there because a phrase has no verb! I was just bothered by the fact that B has active voice "consisting of" which is not as good as "consist of". However, in this case, it seems best as it avoids the inclusion of an intrusive verb. It seems like not doing verbal questions for a while makes you rusty :stupid
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2005, 22:21
saurabhmalpani wrote:
Paul wrote:
Had some trouble b/w A and B. I think A on second thought is better


I had the same trouble but I think I will go for B.
I think A has following problem:

1.wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of

THEY has no Referant. It reads to me as if WASPS consist of... where as it's the socitey.


For E ..."IT" is intrusive and has no referant. It breaks IIism and moreover "almost" is awakward and changes the meaning too.


Saurabh Malpani



I am confused with the usage of "wasps" again in "B", the stem talks abt "Yellow Jackets" specifically, making it a subject, usage of "wasps" in B again alters the meaning of the stem, making it sound like stem talks abt wasps in general and not "Yellow Jacket".....me confused :?: :?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2005, 22:21
I will go with B as well

A has a problem by using "where" B fixes this problem with relative pronoun that
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2005, 04:24
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Between (A) and (B), will go with (B).

(A) - ... world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females ... "where" does not do well to qualify the organized society, if that's what it was there for.

(B) - ... wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females ... - cooperative and organized society consising almost entirely ... is a more appropriate usage.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2005, 14:41
B is about a figure of style and is in no way redundant

ie I like flowers, flowers so beautiful that they would cost me an arm.

There is nothing wrong with the above which marks an emphasis on the target word "flowers"
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2005, 15:39
An explanation to a similar question:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... d+smoothly
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2005, 01:24
OA is B.

the sentece structure is like

I like flowers, flowers so beautiful that they would cost me an arm.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2005, 04:09
I would have chosen B here because E seemed weird but to be honest I have no idea about this construction :

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps

where is the verb ? I mean I dont understand at all this structure ? Can someone explain a little more... :oops:

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2006, 20:43
Straight B

A, C uses pronouns "they" that are ambigous

E has sentence fragments and doesn't flow as well as B
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2006, 20:55
Yes, (B) flows well. They and it are ambiguous without clear referents. Additionally, "which means" is not a conventional SC structure.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2006, 21:49
Between (B) and (E), E incorrectly uses "it"

(B) stands

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2007, 19:17
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2007, 19:38
laxieqv wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.


Should be B....

But I have a few questions here

Isnt "Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps" a independent clause hence a run-on sentence?

and

Is the "wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of" part of the sentence appositive to the preceding indp clause?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2007, 20:04
trivikram wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.


Should be B....

But I have a few questions here

Isnt "Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps" a independent clause hence a run-on sentence?

and

Is the "wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of" part of the sentence appositive to the preceding indp clause?


AGREED WITH B

I do not think it is an appositive but rather a resumptive modifier because in the preceding clause, sentence starts out with "yellow jackets" then shifts focus to "social wasps". Hence, the latter part of the sentence is not a run-on.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2007, 21:55
laxieqv wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.



Initially was thinking of E. But after reading your explanation I agree that B is a better choice.

I understood the part about "it" has no specific antecedent. However why is an "and" required between "cooperative" and "organized"?
Could someone please explain?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2007, 22:14
MattyChicago wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.



Initially was thinking of E. But after reading your explanation I agree that B is a better choice.

I understood the part about "it" has no specific antecedent. However why is an "and" required between "cooperative" and "organized"?
Could someone please explain?


highly cooperative and organized are both adjectives that modify society

highly cooperative society
organized society (organized is a past participle that functions as an adjective)

it would not make sense without the conjunction "and"

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2007, 05:32
beckee529 wrote:
trivikram wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


9 out of 10 times, "which means" is not correct because it's meant to modify a phrase in front of it; whereas, "which" should be used to modify a noun/ pronoun. --> C and D out

We need "and" in between "cooperative" and "organized" . "it" has no specific antecedent --> E is out

"consist almost entirely of" is of "society" rather than of "wasps" --> A is out

I'm in for B.


Should be B....

But I have a few questions here

Isnt "Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps" a independent clause hence a run-on sentence?

and

Is the "wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of" part of the sentence appositive to the preceding indp clause?


AGREED WITH B

I do not think it is an appositive but rather a resumptive modifier because in the preceding clause, sentence starts out with "yellow jackets" then shifts focus to "social wasps". Hence, the latter part of the sentence is not a run-on.


Thanks beckee.

Link on resumptive modifier

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sentences.htm

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2007, 23:18
rishi2377 wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I find this tricky. I got it correct but it was largly a guess. so please explain ur reasons.


B. C/D has which and E has living. they all are wrong. remains A and B. are wrong with which and A lacks verb so B wins the game.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2007, 23:18

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