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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 776
Page:

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 18:39
Genopath wrote:
B: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of...

Isn't this a run-on sentence?


Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females — the queen and her sterile female workers.

If you remove the additional words from the full sentence of option B, you will find the simpler form of the sentence as -

Yellow jackets number among the 900 species of the social wasps, wasps that live in a cooperative society.

Here the first part is an independent clause. The second part, the part after comma, is a description of the wasps and this part is not an independent clause. Hence the sentence in not a run on one.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 22:23
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Genopath wrote:
B: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of...

Isn't this a run-on sentence?

A run-on sentence is when two independent clauses are connected by a comma. Here, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of... is not independent clause (in fact, it is not a clause at all; it is a phrase).

This kind of contruct is very common on GMAT (because it is not intuitive and is never used in verbal communication). A lot of questions test you on this and you would be well advised to make yourself comfortable. Following are a couple of sentences in OG that use this construct (I have put the correct option in bold and italicized the absolute modifier):

Scientists have observed large concentrations of heavy-metal deposits in the upper twenty centimeters of Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of industrial activity there.
(A) Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of industrial activity there
(B) Baltic Sea sediments, where the growth of industrial activity is consistent with these findings
(C) Baltic Sea sediments, findings consistent with its growth of industrial activity
(D) sediments from the Baltic Sea, findings consistent with the growth of industrial activity in the area
(E) sediments from the Baltic Sea, consistent with the growth of industrial activity there

Another example from Official Verbal supplement:

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.
A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects

Let me know if you want more examples and I can pull them up. There is no dearth of sentences using absolute modifier: ).
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
"Where" modifies actual place and not the metaphorical place such as Society.
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
"that" correctly modifies wasps, consisting correctly modifies society. Hence correct !
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
Which means => what means????? Which cannot refer to idea stated in preceding clause for that purpose we have an absolute phrase
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Same as (C).
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
Makes error in ||ism
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 22:45
DLMD wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

IMO B

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
where is not correct since it express a "metaphorical place" not a real place
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
"which means" does not make sense, the first clause is clear in meaning: yellow jackets are one of the 900 species of world's social wasps
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
same issue as C
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

the coord. conj is wrong and "it" does not refer to anything clearly

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2013, 02:00
Doesn't option B makes it a run-on sentence?

"wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers."
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 03:39
misanguyen2010 wrote:
I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!

Please find my answers below:-

1. The second clause could also modify yellow jackets, since yellow jackets is the subject of the first clause. So,wasps is required.

2. It is correct if you want living to modify yellow jackets.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 19:43
Hello misanguyen.

I may help you a bit.

Quote:
1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?


You have to repeat "wasps" because the preceding clause use possessive form "world's social wasps". If you do not repeat "wasps", the sentence is not clear as readers do not know you're talking about "world" or "wasps".

For example: unskilled in complex math, Bill's score on the exam was poor. WRONG.

In fact, possessive form often indicates a problem in Gmat. Always be aware of possessive form.

Quote:
2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?


You CAN'T omit "wasps" and use only "living....." here because that structure is verb-ing modifier (+ a comma) --> modifies a preceding clause with a sensible subject. --> You changed the intended meaning by saying that ONLY yellow jackets live in highly...... society". The intended meaning, however, is that "wasps" in general live in a highly cooperative and organized society........ Thus, omitting "wasps" is not accepted in this question.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2014, 02:26
DLMD wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


A. Use of they is wrong here.
B. Correct
C. Wrong use of which here & ''Almost all'' makes the second part of the phrase a fragment.
D. Wrong use of which & modify error ''it''
E. Modify error , "living" should not modify the entire sentence (unlogical) and therefore incorrect. Second error is again the wrong usage of it.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2014, 20:22
This sentence identifies yellow jackets as one of 900 types of social wasps and provides an explanation of the term social wasps. In this explanation, the society or population—not the individual wasps themselves—consists almost entirelyof females.The three descriptors of social wasps (cooperative,organized, and consisting almost entirely of females) are most effectively expressed in parallel structures.

A. They, referring to wasps, is an incorrect subject for consist.
B. Correct. The three descriptorsof the wasp society are in parallel form, and consisting properly modifiessociety.
C. The sentence structure makes it unclear what almost all females describes.
D. And it is ... violates the parallelism of the three descriptors of social wasps.
E. And it consists ... violates the parallelism of the three descriptors.
The correct answer is B.
also it is worth to understand that " wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers." is a modifier so don't apply two IC rule(don't confuse and conclude that "B" is Incorrect due to comma is placed between two ICs)
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2014, 13:20
DLMD wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females-the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all


Why D is not right?

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely females-the queen and her sterile female workers.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2015, 16:29
Wrong A) Where - must be in which, as it modiefies only places
Correct B) Noun + Noun Modifier modify here the preceding sentence correctly (see explanation by E-Gmat Noun+N.Mod)
Wrong C) Which can only modify a noun not the entire clause
Wrong D) Which can only modify a noun not the entire clause
Wrong E) correct structure ist x,y and z - living, organized and it consists is NOT parallel (btw. living and organized are parallel)

Hope this helps.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2015, 13:26
Ergenekon wrote:
Can someone pls, explain why A is wrong. It seems everyone is avoiding this answer:)


There are at least 2 posts only on this page, stating why A is wrong.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2015, 23:32
BrainLab wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
Can someone pls, explain why A is wrong. It seems everyone is avoiding this answer:)


There are at least 2 posts only on this page, stating why A is wrong.


But none of them are completely true or explanatory enough. If you meant your answer before my post, then it is not right. Society can be modified by where. The explanation of OG is wasps cannot consist of something. I don't understand why. However, I think it is the thing maybe non-natives won't understand. Thanks for your attention.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2015, 02:42
Here are some explanations on this topic from beatthegmat , manhattan etc.

GMATExpert (Beatthegmat):
In A, the pronoun they suggests that the wasps consist almost entirely of females; the intended meaning is that the society consists almost entirely of females. Also, where should used to refer only to a place. Eliminate A.

Mahattan:
RON: In A "they consist" is wrong. Wasps don't consist of... society does
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2015, 11:55
BrainLab wrote:
Here are some explanations on this topic from beatthegmat , manhattan etc.

GMATExpert (Beatthegmat):
In A, the pronoun they suggests that the wasps consist almost entirely of females; the intended meaning is that the society consists almost entirely of females. Also, where should used to refer only to a place. Eliminate A.

Mahattan:
RON: In A "they consist" is wrong. Wasps don't consist of... society does



You did not paste Ron's comment here. You pasted the comment of an ordinary user. Here is Ron's comment: [editor: turns out i was wrong about this one -- surprisingly, gmac allows "where" to be used for societies. see this problem:
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2015, 08:24
Ergenekon wrote:
BrainLab wrote:
Here are some explanations on this topic from beatthegmat , manhattan etc.

GMATExpert (Beatthegmat):
In A, the pronoun they suggests that the wasps consist almost entirely of females; the intended meaning is that the society consists almost entirely of females. Also, where should used to refer only to a place. Eliminate A.

Mahattan:
RON: In A "they consist" is wrong. Wasps don't consist of... society does



You did not paste Ron's comment here. You pasted the comment of an ordinary user. Here is Ron's comment: [editor: turns out i was wrong about this one -- surprisingly, gmac allows "where" to be used for societies. see this problem:


Hi Ergenekon, you are right, it's a comment of an ordinary user, but see below this commentar, here is ROn's answer to the comment --> RON: your analysis of choice a is 100% correct. I just skipped one step....
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2015, 08:52
BrainLab wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
BrainLab wrote:
Here are some explanations on this topic from beatthegmat , manhattan etc.

GMATExpert (Beatthegmat):
In A, the pronoun they suggests that the wasps consist almost entirely of females; the intended meaning is that the society consists almost entirely of females. Also, where should used to refer only to a place. Eliminate A.

Mahattan:
RON: In A "they consist" is wrong. Wasps don't consist of... society does



You did not paste Ron's comment here. You pasted the comment of an ordinary user. Here is Ron's comment: [editor: turns out i was wrong about this one -- surprisingly, gmac allows "where" to be used for societies. see this problem:


Hi Ergenekon, you are right, it's a comment of an ordinary user, but see below this commentar, here is ROn's answer to the comment --> RON: your analysis of choice a is 100% correct. I just skipped one step....


Brainlab, Ron changed his mind. I pasted the edit which describes his latest thought.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2015, 11:21
misanguyen2010 wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!



Why does the correct answer use "that" here? I do not categorize this as an essential information. Do you?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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Hi Reto,

In C and D we have wrong usage of "which".

In E there is no parallelism.

In A.. "society" is an imaginary place and using "where" for it is wrong.

In B.. "that" refers to the "wasps" which also serves as the subject. consisting(verbing) rightly modifies the preceding noun "society". So B it is.

Can you put forth your reasoning more elaborately so all can benefit from it?

Regards,
Dom.

Kudos [?]: 229 [1], given: 39

Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2015, 04:02

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