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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 18:25
I agree with answer and explanation. But what my previous knowledge tell me about absolute phrase is as below.
Independent clause, noun + verb-ed/ing.
noun + verb-ed/ing is absolute phrase.
Now with my understanding I rewrite this sentence in following manner.
wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of

Please appraise my understanding. And let me know where I am wrong to get clarity in concept.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 22:51
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gvij2017 wrote:
noun + verb-ed/ing is absolute phrase.

Hi gvij2017, this would be taking a slightly narrow view of absolute modifiers. A more holistic way would be:

Noun + Noun modifiers

Since Adjectives modify nouns, Noun modifiers are basically any constructs that act as Adjectives. So, these Noun modifiers could be:

i) Present Participial Phrase
ii) Past Participial Phrase
iii) Relative Clause (that, which etc.)
iv) Pure-play Adjectives

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 08:01
Thanks Ashish for explanation. Please send me corresponding material to go in detail and understand this topic clearly.
My email ID. vijay.m.gupta7@gmail.com

Thanks.


EducationAisle wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
noun + verb-ed/ing is absolute phrase.

Hi gvij2017, this would be taking a slightly narrow view of absolute modifiers. A more holistic way would be:

Noun + Noun modifiers

Since Adjectives modify nouns, Noun modifiers are basically any constructs that act as Adjectives. So, these Noun modifiers could be:

i) Present Participial Phrase
ii) Past Participial Phrase
iii) Relative Clause (that, which etc.)
iv) Pure-play Adjectives

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 08:44
daagh

daagh wrote:
A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of---- wrong because, the reference to ---they-- is ambiguous; it could be wasps, or the 900 or so species or yellow jackets; drop it. In addition, a society is gathering and not a physical place; hence society and where cannot go together.


Below is an example from a magazine:
The kingdom of women: the society where a man is never the boss.

It has used the where for society

Can you please make me more understand on this? Is there any different reason in Option A and sentence from magazine?

Thanks in Advance.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 11:26
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We shouldn't compare GMAT with other media especially magazines. GMAT is much stricter.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 09:35
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Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world‘s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.
The above sentence has the following errors in its underlined part.
The word THEY stands out to me while reading this sentence. "They" being a plural relative pronoun needs to refer to plural antecedent. The plural antecedent existent in the sentence are: wasps, Yellow jackets or species.
None of them make any sense.
2. Where is referring back to Society, which isn't a physical space. Where needs to refer to a physical space, and not to any situation, circumstance et al.

Quote:
A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
A goes out because of the above mentioned reason.
Quote:
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
This looks fine. NO pronoun ambiguity. Consisting(Present Participle) adjectival phrase modifies the "society"
The descriptors of the wasp society are in parallel form, and consisting properly modifies society.
Quote:
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Not the best place to place WHICH. Which can't modify the entire preceding clause. It modifies the most eligible preceding noun. "Wasp" in this case. Not the eligible referent.
Quote:
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
Two reasons to eliminate this:
1. Parallelism isn't proper. Three parallel elements: highly cooperative (Adjective), organized(Adjective) and it consists of almost all(Clause) Three elements not parallel.
2. living in a society...refers to the entire preceding clause/Subject of the preceding clause. This particular reference isn't at all required here.
B is the best choice, which uses a construction named "Appositives"
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the &nbs [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 09:35

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