GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 13 Dec 2018, 22:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz, Tomorrow, Saturday at 9 AM PST

December 14, 2018

December 14, 2018

09:00 AM PST

10:00 AM PST

10 Questions will be posted on the forum and we will post a reply in this Topic with a link to each question. There are prizes for the winners.
• ### Typical Day of a UCLA MBA Student - Recording of Webinar with UCLA Adcom and Student

December 14, 2018

December 14, 2018

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Carolyn and Brett - nicely explained what is the typical day of a UCLA student. I am posting below recording of the webinar for those who could't attend this session.

# (17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51188
(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2017, 00:54
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

24% (00:56) correct 76% (01:10) wrong based on 72 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

$$(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n$$. Lowering which of the following numbers by one will result in the least decrease of n?

A. 17
B. 19
C. 23
D. 29
E. 31

_________________
Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2015
Posts: 116
(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2017, 02:10
1
The idea here is that the resulting value of N will be equal to the product of n and a fraction $$\frac{a-1}{a} = 1 - \frac{1}{a}$$.
The question can be rephrased as "what is the value of a, taken from the numbers in the product, so that the fraction is the largest". The obvious answer is the largest value available, since in this case $$1 - \frac{1}{a}$$ is maxed out for the available numbers.

Another approach is to do a direct test with simplier numbers:
Take 2 3 and 4, for example
2 * 3 * 4 = 24

1*3*4 = 12 (reduce the lowest by 1)
2*2*4 = 16 (reduce the middle by 1)
2*3*3 = 18(reduce the highest by 1)

The least decrease is shown from the last equation (24 - 18 = 6)

D
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7106
Re: (17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2017, 03:03
Bunuel wrote:
$$(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n$$. Lowering which of the following numbers by one will result in the least decrease of n?

A. 17
B. 19
C. 23
D. 29
E. 31

Hi..
When you decrease one of the four, the overall decrease in the product would be the product of other three, so decreasing the largest will result in decrease in the product by an amount EQUAL to the product of the smallest 3 number.
So answer will be decrease the largest by 1, meaning answer is D.

And this is why..
17*19*23*29...
17*19*23*(29-1)=17*1 9*23*29-17*19*23
So the decrease is 17*19*23, ofcourse with power 31 ..
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

GMAT online Tutor

Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2207
(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2017, 20:06
1
Bunuel wrote:
$$(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n$$. Lowering which of the following numbers by one will result in the least decrease of n?

A. 17
B. 19
C. 23
D. 29
E. 31

When I see impossibly great values, I think: go with small but similar values. Keep the essential "ingredients" the same. That is, use increasing positive factors to an integral power greater than 1.

The theory: To achieve the least change in $$n$$, we need the value that has the most "weight" to be lowered a little bit.

(The number to be changed is not likely to be the exponent, which carries all of $$n$$'s weight more than once.)

(1) Try something such as $$n$$ = (2*7)$$^2$$ = 196

(2) Decrease EACH number (2, 7, and the exponent 2) by 1

Decrease exponent 2 by 1: (2*7)$$^1$$ = 14

Now decrease factor 2 by 1: (1*7)$$^2$$ = 49

Now decrease factor 7 by 1: (2*6)$$^2$$ = 144

Results
The original value was $$n = 196$$
Type of change => effect on $$n$$
Exponent 2, decreased by 1: $$n=14$$
Factor 2, decreased by 1: $$n=49$$
Factor 7, decreased by 1: $$n=144$$

(3) Conclusion: The least decrease in $$n$$ comes from lowering the largest factor, 7, by 1.

The same pattern will hold for this prompt's set of numbers.

The largest factor is 29. Lowering it by 1 will result in the least decrease of $$n$$.

Answer D

If you don't trust the simpler math, try (2*3*4*5)$$^3$$, which is closer to the prompt (four increasing positive factors to an odd power) - and arithmetic heavy. You will get the same result with the complicated simulation as that above. Decreasing the greatest factor, 5, by 1 creates the least change (and decreasing the exponent creates the most change).
(17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one &nbs [#permalink] 12 Nov 2017, 20:06
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# (17*19*23*29)^{31} = n. Lowering which of the following numbers by one

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.