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08 Nov 2009, 11:28
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hello.
Can anyone help me to find out, is HUGE SUMS plural?

454. Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build a modern industrial system.
(A) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build
(B) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War and used it to help in building
(C) Japan used the huge sums of capital it received from the United States after the Second World War to help build
(D) Japan’s huge sums of capital received from the United States after the Second World War were used to help it in building
(E) Receiving huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, Japan used it to help build
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08 Nov 2009, 15:50
Ayrish wrote:
hello.
Can anyone help me to find out, is HUGE SUMS plural?

454. Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build a modern industrial system.
(A) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build
(B) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War and used it to help in building
(C) Japan used the huge sums of capital it received from the United States after the Second World War to help build
(D) Japan’s huge sums of capital received from the United States after the Second World War were used to help it in building
(E) Receiving huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, Japan used it to help build

I think in C - "it" correctly refers to Japan and "to help build" is concise and grammatically correct. Hence C should be the answer

Huge Sums IMO is singular. Correct me if I am wrong
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08 Nov 2009, 18:35
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I’m choosing C as well.

(A) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build
I think “using it” here can be ambiguous but im not sure.
(B) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War and used it to help in building
“It” is ambiguous
(C) Japan used the huge sums of capital it received from the United States after the Second World War to help build
Correct.
(D) Japan’s huge sums of capital received from the United States after the Second World War were used to help it in building
This is wrong in meaning. It implies the huge sums already belonged to Japan.
(E) Receiving huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, Japan used it to help build
Ambiguous pronoun “it”.
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08 Nov 2009, 19:47
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hey, thanks for that point of || lism error. My bet was on "it" .

good one..+1 for you
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09 Nov 2009, 04:56
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09 Nov 2009, 18:39
[quote="smtripathi"]Received .. and Used .. are in parallel, in A and B, giving the equal emphasis and makiing the meaning go all wrong.
quote]

thanks .. i did not see that ||lism though.
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09 Nov 2009, 19:41
Interesting discussion. I was actually thinking that it would be plural because if I was to use it in a sentence I would say, for example:

Huge sums of money are being thrown around.
A huge sum of money is being thrown around.

In the above sentences I think "huge sums" refers to multiple sums where as huge sum, is a single sum.

But agree with the previous comment, the ability to solve the question does not depend on this so I would not base any decision about the question on this nuance.
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14 Dec 2010, 09:28
I thought that the question is about pronoun agreement . "It" correctly refers to Japan in C . But with the kind of discussion going around , I think that I have missed something more important from this question . Some1 please explain if the above mentioned error is the only error or I got this question by fluke.
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31 Dec 2010, 10:10
wats wrong with B guys?.. and thats my 100th post. yeyyyy!!
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11 Jul 2011, 19:35
i like C... even there is no pronoun for 'huge sums ..' in C
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15 Jul 2011, 11:21
Although C looks pretty captivating, what is wrong with E? I think E handles the problem of multiple modifiers better. no?
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18 Jul 2011, 08:40
Initially thought the answer would be B but parallelism error, so I chose C.
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31 Aug 2011, 05:12
sgupta0827 wrote:
Although C looks pretty captivating, what is wrong with E? I think E handles the problem of multiple modifiers better. no?

Nothing wrong per say as I see it- In C it's very sort, concise and delivers more beautifully (remember style also as part of SC). Between B and C- again there is nothing wrong with B but stylistically prefer +"to do" construction than +"in doing" one...
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28 Dec 2011, 09:23
yogesh1984 wrote:
sgupta0827 wrote:
Although C looks pretty captivating, what is wrong with E? I think E handles the problem of multiple modifiers better. no?

Nothing wrong per say as I see it- In C it's very sort, concise and delivers more beautifully (remember style also as part of SC). Between B and C- again there is nothing wrong with B but stylistically prefer +"to do" construction than +"in doing" one...

But I have a doubt in C: it is not clear when Japan received money from US - is it after the war or before the war??

Because of this reason, E seems to be more logical. But at the same time, in E, the word 'it' in the second part ("Japan used it..."), looks like dangling - what does it refer to: huge sums or world war?

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22 Jun 2015, 21:38
What is wrong with B? I read earlier posts that the there is parallelism error and that "revived" and "used" give a wrong meaning. can somebody please explain these concepts. Thank you
Re: 454 / 1000   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2015, 21:38
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