udaymathapati wrote:

A circular mat with diameter 20 inches is placed on a square tabletop, each of whose sides is 24 inches long. Which of the following is closest to the fraction of the tabletop covered by the mat?

A. 5/12

B. 2/5

C. 1/2

D. 3/4

E. 5/6

Since the diameter of the mat is 20 inches, the radius is 10 inches. The area of the mat is:

area = πr^2 = π(10)^2 = 3.14 x 100 = 314 square inches

Since each side of the square tabletop is 24 inches long, the area is:

area = side^2 = 24 x 24 = 576 square inches

Thus, the fraction of the table covered by the mat is 314/576 = 157/288

157/288 is about 160/290 = 16/29, which is about 1/2.

Answer: C

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