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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected

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Senior Manager
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Joined: 05 Apr 2007
Posts: 255

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 1

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 08:58
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A
B
C
D
E

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0% (00:00) correct 100% (00:20) wrong based on 4 sessions

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1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading -
(B) flame spreads -
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(D) causing flames to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

Please provide the explanations
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Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 1

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Apr 2007
Posts: 255

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 1

Re: SC: Flames [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 09:21
Why not E...Here too causing is parallel...

seofah wrote:
D.
trainspotting wrote:
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading -
(B) flame spreads -
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(D) causing flames to spread "causing" is parallel with "making"
(E) causing spreading of the flames

Please provide the explanations

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Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 1

Manager
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Joined: 30 Mar 2009
Posts: 248

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 1

Re: SC: Flames [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 09:25
IMO D

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading --> this can be built parallely: ...reflected radiation makes ignition much easier and makes flames spreading... However, make + Object + Gerund is unidiomatic. It should be ...make flames to spread...
(B) flame spreads --> Noun + adj and Noun + verb + adv is not parallelism
(C) flames are caused to spread --> no parallelism
(D) causing flames to spread -->most parallel structure: making ... and causing .... Besides, cause + Object + to inf is idiomatic
(E) causing spreading of the flames -->wordy and ungrammatical. more quickly accompanies a verb, not a Noun phrase as: spreading of the flames

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Director
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Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 855

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Re: SC: Flames [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 09:34
trainspotting wrote:
Why not E...Here too causing is parallel...

seofah wrote:
D.
trainspotting wrote:
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading -
(B) flame spreads -
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(D) causing flames to spread "causing" is parallel with "making"
(E) causing spreading of the flames

Please provide the explanations

making "flames" the object of "to cause" reads more directly. For E to be just grammatically correct, we need "the spreading" - however, it would still be considered wordy over "flames to spread".

Kudos [?]: 503 [0], given: 7

Manager
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Re: SC: Flames [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2009, 01:44
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading - not ||
(B) flame spreads - ungrammatical
(C) flames are caused to spread - wordy and awkward
(D) causing flames to spread - 'causing' is || to 'making'; 'to spread' perfectly followed by 'more quickly'; - right choice
(E) causing spreading of the flames - not agreeing with more quickly

IMHO, (D)

Kudos [?]: 459 [0], given: 60

Re: SC: Flames   [#permalink] 18 May 2009, 01:44
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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected

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