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# A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected

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Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2007
Posts: 234
A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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17 May 2009, 08:58
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0% (00:00) correct 100% (00:20) wrong based on 4 sessions

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1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(E) causing spreading of the flames

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Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2007
Posts: 234

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17 May 2009, 09:21
Why not E...Here too causing is parallel...

seofah wrote:
D.
trainspotting wrote:
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(D) causing flames to spread "causing" is parallel with "making"
(E) causing spreading of the flames

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Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2009
Posts: 233

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17 May 2009, 09:25
IMO D

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading --> this can be built parallely: ...reflected radiation makes ignition much easier and makes flames spreading... However, make + Object + Gerund is unidiomatic. It should be ...make flames to spread...
(C) flames are caused to spread --> no parallelism
(D) causing flames to spread -->most parallel structure: making ... and causing .... Besides, cause + Object + to inf is idiomatic
(E) causing spreading of the flames -->wordy and ungrammatical. more quickly accompanies a verb, not a Noun phrase as: spreading of the flames
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 818

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17 May 2009, 09:34
trainspotting wrote:
Why not E...Here too causing is parallel...

seofah wrote:
D.
trainspotting wrote:
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread -
(D) causing flames to spread "causing" is parallel with "making"
(E) causing spreading of the flames

making "flames" the object of "to cause" reads more directly. For E to be just grammatically correct, we need "the spreading" - however, it would still be considered wordy over "flames to spread".
Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2009
Posts: 184

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18 May 2009, 01:44
1. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(A) flames spreading - not ||
(C) flames are caused to spread - wordy and awkward
(D) causing flames to spread - 'causing' is || to 'making'; 'to spread' perfectly followed by 'more quickly'; - right choice
(E) causing spreading of the flames - not agreeing with more quickly

IMHO, (D)

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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Re: SC: Flames   [#permalink] 18 May 2009, 01:44
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