Bunuel wrote:

A post on a website gains a point if a user choose to upvote it and loses a point if a user chooses to downvote it. If a post has a total of 60 points and 40% of the votes were downvotes, how many votes have been cast, in total?

A. 100

B. 150

C. 240

D. 300

E. 500

Let u = the number of upvotes and d = the number of downvotes. We can create the equations:

u - d = 60

and

d = 0.4(u + d)

Simplifying the second equation, we have:

d = 0.4u + 0.4d

0.6d = 0.4u

6d = 4u

1.5d = u

Now we can substitute 1.5d for u into the first equation and obtain:

1.5d - d = 60

0.5d = 60

d = 120

Since d = 120, u = 1.5 x 120 = 180. Therefore, a total of 180 + 120 = 300 votes have been cast.

Alternate Solution:

We can test each answer choice:

A) 100 total votes

If 100 votes were cast and 40% were downvotes, then there are 100*(0.4) = 40 downvotes and 100 - 40 = 60 upvotes. In this case, the post would have 60 - 40 = 20 total points. We can eliminate answer choice A.

B) 150 total votes

If 150 votes were cast and 40% were downvotes, then there are 150*(0.4) = 60 downvotes and 150 - 60 = 90 upvotes. In this case, the post would have 90 - 60 = 30 total points. We can eliminate answer choice B.

C) 240 total votes

If 240 votes were cast and 40% were downvotes, then there are 240*(0.4) = 96 downvotes and 240 - 96 = 144 upvotes. In this case, the post would have 144 - 96 = 48 total points. We can eliminate answer choice C.

D) 300 total votes

If 300 votes were cast and 40% were downvotes, then there are 300*(0.4) = 120 downvotes and 300 - 120 = 180 upvotes. In this case, the post would have 180 - 120 = 60 total points, as required. The answer is D.

Answer: D

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