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Re: A recent experiment has revealed that a person stands the best chance [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

A recent experiment has revealed that a person stands the best chance of surviving a plane crash if he or she is sitting at the back of the aircraft. A Boeing 727 was crashed on purpose into the Sahara desert, and various aspects of the impact were analysed. One of the findings of this experiment was that dummies placed at the back of the airplane suffered much less damage than the ones placed at the front. Thus, when traveling by airplanes, you would be much better off sitting at the back, assuming __________________.


(A) that all the seats at the back of the plane haven’t already been booked

(B) that the plane will be flying over the Sahara desert

(C) that the plane is manufactured by Boeing and has been part of the test described in the stimulus

(D) that the plane does not crash on its tail

(E) that these results apply to airplane crashes in general, and not just to those of old 727s into sand.


This is a CR Butler Question




Official Explanation



Answer: E

Since the leading word is assuming, we need to find the assumption in the argument. The argument obviously assumes that what holds true for the crash test will hold true for other plane crashes as well. E states this and is the correct answer.

(A) This is irrelevant to the decision at hand. The idea is whether it makes sense to sit at the back, not whether one actually gets to sit there.

(B) Irrelevant. It could be any other desert. The assumption has to be whether this would apply to non deserts as well.

(C) If the plane has already been part of the test, that is, it has already been crashed, it won’t be flying again anyway.

(D) While this may look logical, the argument does not mention anything about how the plane used in the experiment actually crashed—on its tail, its front, its belly, etc. So then we cannot necessarily assume this fact.

(E) The correct answer.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: A recent experiment has revealed that a person stands the best chance [#permalink]
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