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# A recent survey found that more computers than copies of

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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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15 May 2012, 13:54
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This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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you can ask an expert
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Re: German computer vs program usage [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 12:34
IMO the answer is D because this option doesn't make the statement weak.

Please explain if I am wrong.
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Re: German computer vs program usage [#permalink]

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26 May 2012, 09:50
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This post was
BOOKMARKED
eYsYs wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Argument: Illegal duplication is widespread
Assumption: More computers than programs purchased

So what's going on here? There is a gap between # of computers purchased and # of computer programs purchased. Visualize this.

What explains the gap?

The author is suggesting a possible reason for the gap - illegal duplication is widespread in germany. Since more computers and not enough programs, he's guessing that the computer programs are copied illegally in order to match the # of computers purchased.

A concrete example - if 100 computers are purchased and only 20 computer programs are purchased...i'm guessing the author is assuming the ratio should be more 1:1, so in order to get that, the remaining 80 computer programs must have been duplicated illegally.

OK..now that we understand that...

What does the question say? "Would counter a reasonable objection advanced above EXCEPT"

Ok, so there is an objection (negation), then we are countering that negation. So 2 negatives equal a positive. Four of the answer choices will support our existing argument...ONE will NOT.

Four will help explain or support why there is illegal duplication.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.

Well, this helps explain the gap. If few german computers write their own computer programs...this thinking can lead to the conclusion that since they don't write their own programs, they COPY them. So this is in support of our "illegal duplication" argument.

(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
If there are not that many free programs, then everything cost money. As a result, ppl can still COPY.

C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.

Well, if computers are purchased outside of Germany, then maybe that's why there is an inflated number for the number of computers purchased. It's possible that there is NO illegal copying if our number for the # of computers purchased is inflated. The actual # of computers purchased IN germany might actually be lower and closer to the # of computer programs purchased...this would lead to the conclusion that there is NO copying going on. This is AGAINST our argument...this is the answer (C).

(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
If each computer has more than 1 computer program...but the # of computer programs purchased suggests that figure is much lower than 1...then the remainder might have come from pirating! This supports our argument that COPYING exists.

(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

If there are legal duplicates and they are counted as "purchased copies"...well we are still significantly lower! If the ones that are purchased are already duplicates (!), then what about the rest of the gap? This one also might suggest that duplicating of the illegal kind might still be the culprit here.

Hope that lengthy explanation is helpful!
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2013, 20:37
I would like to discuss the question stem here
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:

Each weakens EXCEPT:

(C) indeed weakens the argument as the above post rightly said, then how it could be the answer even.

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2013, 21:05
2
KUDOS
Hello,

Let us understand the question stem bit by bit.

"objection to the interpretation" implies against the interpretation or weakens the interpretation.

"counter some objection" implies that the statement provides some explanation against any weakness in the interpretation i.e the statement supports the argument/interpretation.

So, the question mentions that all statements support the interpretation in some way except one statement. This statement weakens the argument. Since, C weakens the argument, it is the right answer.

Hope this helps!

targetgmatchotu wrote:
I would like to discuss the question stem here
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:

Each weakens EXCEPT:

(C) indeed weakens the argument as the above post rightly said, then how it could be the answer even.

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Re: German computer vs program usage [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2013, 00:18
how the objection in option ( D )is justifiable ?

My explanation is as under

There is world "widespread" used in the argument.

Explanation as given in (D) suggests that there are only few computer which are using far more pirated program on there computers. It , further , means that the piracy is not wide spread but is limited only to few computer on which a large number of programs are installed.

thus, option( D ) proves to be valid objection as it negates the claim that "duplicating
commercial computer programs is
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2013, 20:01
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2014, 11:10
4
KUDOS
akankshasoneja wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...

I chose C because it talks of computers purchased out of GERMANY. Did you notice? 'GERMANY'. This country is nowhere mentioned in the argument. Sure the stimulus talks about Germans but that doesn't mean anything done by Germans outside of Germany shouldn't be accounted for. I cross checked with the stimulus twice to see if there's any mention of Germany or not. Couldn't find any! so went with C.

Remember the question stem says strengthens the argument EXCEPT. So anything that weakens or leaves the argument unaffected is the answer.

According to me option C leaves the argument unaffected. Hence, I chose C.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 06:30
GMATPill wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Argument: Illegal duplication is widespread
Assumption: More computers than programs purchased

So what's going on here? There is a gap between # of computers purchased and # of computer programs purchased. Visualize this.

What explains the gap?

The author is suggesting a possible reason for the gap - illegal duplication is widespread in germany. Since more computers and not enough programs, he's guessing that the computer programs are copied illegally in order to match the # of computers purchased.

A concrete example - if 100 computers are purchased and only 20 computer programs are purchased...i'm guessing the author is assuming the ratio should be more 1:1, so in order to get that, the remaining 80 computer programs must have been duplicated illegally.

OK..now that we understand that...

What does the question say? "Would counter a reasonable objection advanced above EXCEPT"

Ok, so there is an objection (negation), then we are countering that negation. So 2 negatives equal a positive. Four of the answer choices will support our existing argument...ONE will NOT.

Four will help explain or support why there is illegal duplication.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.

Well, this helps explain the gap. If few german computers write their own computer programs...this thinking can lead to the conclusion that since they don't write their own programs, they COPY them. So this is in support of our "illegal duplication" argument.

(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
If there are not that many free programs, then everything cost money. As a result, ppl can still COPY.

C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.

Well, if computers are purchased outside of Germany, then maybe that's why there is an inflated number for the number of computers purchased. It's possible that there is NO illegal copying if our number for the # of computers purchased is inflated. The actual # of computers purchased IN germany might actually be lower and closer to the # of computer programs purchased...this would lead to the conclusion that there is NO copying going on. This is AGAINST our argument...this is the answer (C).

(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
If each computer has more than 1 computer program...but the # of computer programs purchased suggests that figure is much lower than 1...then the remainder might have come from pirating! This supports our argument that COPYING exists.

(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

If there are legal duplicates and they are counted as "purchased copies"...well we are still significantly lower! If the ones that are purchased are already duplicates (!), then what about the rest of the gap? This one also might suggest that duplicating of the illegal kind might still be the culprit here.

Hope that lengthy explanation is helpful!

So here we are assuming that computers not bought in Germany either come with software, or don't get software installed on them?
There is something missing here because at the end of the day, there are more computers than computer programs in germany...
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 07:19
E strenthens !

EX: there were 100 copies in germany ...but half of them were actually legally copied commercial computer programs.... so the actual number of copies should be 50

aks456 wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2015, 06:07
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 06:39
GMATPill wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Argument: Illegal duplication is widespread
Assumption: More computers than programs purchased

So what's going on here? There is a gap between # of computers purchased and # of computer programs purchased. Visualize this.

What explains the gap?

The author is suggesting a possible reason for the gap - illegal duplication is widespread in germany. Since more computers and not enough programs, he's guessing that the computer programs are copied illegally in order to match the # of computers purchased.

A concrete example - if 100 computers are purchased and only 20 computer programs are purchased...i'm guessing the author is assuming the ratio should be more 1:1, so in order to get that, the remaining 80 computer programs must have been duplicated illegally.

OK..now that we understand that...

What does the question say? "Would counter a reasonable objection advanced above EXCEPT"

Ok, so there is an objection (negation), then we are countering that negation. So 2 negatives equal a positive. Four of the answer choices will support our existing argument...ONE will NOT.

Four will help explain or support why there is illegal duplication.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.

Well, this helps explain the gap. If few german computers write their own computer programs...this thinking can lead to the conclusion that since they don't write their own programs, they COPY them. So this is in support of our "illegal duplication" argument.

(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
If there are not that many free programs, then everything cost money. As a result, ppl can still COPY.

C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.

Well, if computers are purchased outside of Germany, then maybe that's why there is an inflated number for the number of computers purchased. It's possible that there is NO illegal copying if our number for the # of computers purchased is inflated. The actual # of computers purchased IN germany might actually be lower and closer to the # of computer programs purchased...this would lead to the conclusion that there is NO copying going on. This is AGAINST our argument...this is the answer (C).

(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
If each computer has more than 1 computer program...but the # of computer programs purchased suggests that figure is much lower than 1...then the remainder might have come from pirating! This supports our argument that COPYING exists.

(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

If there are legal duplicates and they are counted as "purchased copies"...well we are still significantly lower! If the ones that are purchased are already duplicates (!), then what about the rest of the gap? This one also might suggest that duplicating of the illegal kind might still be the culprit here.

Hope that lengthy explanation is helpful!

Mate, I am afraid you have lost the thread of reasoning at some point. 4 answer choices WEAKEN the conclusion whereas ONE does NOT affect and we need to pick that one. One of the answers above perfectly describes why C does NOT weaken the conclusion: nowhere in the arguement we are told that the survey covered the borders of the country of Germany as such, Germans can live on Mars and still buy PCs and do illegal copies of software.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 17:21
I spend 2 minutes to go for C rather than E. First, the word "some" really bothers me, it sounds like there are not enough people who buy illegal copies -> correct me if I am wrong.

The second reason is there is no where in the sentence mentions "legal", or "illegal". We cannot be sure if the copies purchased outside of Germany are illegal or not, but E confirms that copies are legal purchases.
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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2017, 01:06
This question is really very tricky and I don't think this is from official source. Let's examine...

Interpretation is "since the no. of softwares sold is less than the no. of computers sold, there must be some illegal copying".
4 answer choices will weaken the conclusion and 1 will not.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs. Weakens the argument-sales of software is less because some can make their own.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany. Weakens the argument-user in germany not always need to buy software because its available for free
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey. Doesn't weaken-more information is required e.g. purchase of software outside Germany is counted or not etc..
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer. This indirectly supports the interpretation.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey. Doesn't weaken the argument - if these copies are already counted as purchased ones then it doesn't affect or provide any insights to support or weaken the interpretation.

So all C,D and E can be the answer. I think there is problem with the question or else I may be missing some important details.

my 2 cents
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2017, 01:06
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