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A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece

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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 22:35
Bunuel wrote:
A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle with radius r, and the other is used to form a square. No wire is left over. Which of the following represents the total area, in square meters, of the circular and the square regions in terms of r?

A. \(\pi*r^2\)
B. \(\pi*r^2 + 10\)
C. \(\pi*r^2 + \frac{1}{4}*\pi^2*r^2\)
D. \(\pi*r^2 + (40 - 2\pi*r)^2\)
E. \(\pi*r^2 + (10 - \frac{1}{2}\pi*r)^2\)

The area of a circle will be - \(\pi{r^2}\) and \(2\pi{r}\) meters of wire will be used;
There will be \(40-2\pi{r}\) meters of wire left for a square. Side of this square will be \(\frac{40-2\pi{r}}{4}=10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2}\), hence the area of the square will be \((10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

The total area will be - \(\pi{r^2}+(10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

Answer: E.



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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 23:07
shivamtibrewala wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle with radius r, and the other is used to form a square. No wire is left over. Which of the following represents the total area, in square meters, of the circular and the square regions in terms of r?

A. \(\pi*r^2\)
B. \(\pi*r^2 + 10\)
C. \(\pi*r^2 + \frac{1}{4}*\pi^2*r^2\)
D. \(\pi*r^2 + (40 - 2\pi*r)^2\)
E. \(\pi*r^2 + (10 - \frac{1}{2}\pi*r)^2\)

The area of a circle will be - \(\pi{r^2}\) and \(2\pi{r}\) meters of wire will be used;
There will be \(40-2\pi{r}\) meters of wire left for a square. Side of this square will be \(\frac{40-2\pi{r}}{4}=10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2}\), hence the area of the square will be \((10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

The total area will be - \(\pi{r^2}+(10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

Answer: E.



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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 23:07
shivamtibrewala wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle with radius r, and the other is used to form a square. No wire is left over. Which of the following represents the total area, in square meters, of the circular and the square regions in terms of r?

A. \(\pi*r^2\)
B. \(\pi*r^2 + 10\)
C. \(\pi*r^2 + \frac{1}{4}*\pi^2*r^2\)
D. \(\pi*r^2 + (40 - 2\pi*r)^2\)
E. \(\pi*r^2 + (10 - \frac{1}{2}\pi*r)^2\)

The area of a circle will be - \(\pi{r^2}\) and \(2\pi{r}\) meters of wire will be used;
There will be \(40-2\pi{r}\) meters of wire left for a square. Side of this square will be \(\frac{40-2\pi{r}}{4}=10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2}\), hence the area of the square will be \((10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

The total area will be - \(\pi{r^2}+(10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

Answer: E.



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Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Math Expert
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Posts: 53020
Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 23:09
A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle with radius r, and the other is used to form a square. No wire is left over. Which of the following represents the total area, in square meters, of the circular and the square regions in terms of r?

A. \(\pi*r^2\)
B. \(\pi*r^2 + 10\)
C. \(\pi*r^2 + \frac{1}{4}*\pi^2*r^2\)
D. \(\pi*r^2 + (40 - 2\pi*r)^2\)
E. \(\pi*r^2 + (10 - \frac{1}{2}\pi*r)^2\)

The area of a circle will be - \(\pi{r^2}\) and \(2\pi{r}\) meters of wire will be used;
There will be \(40-2\pi{r}\) meters of wire left for a square. Side of this square will be \(\frac{40-2\pi{r}}{4}=10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2}\), hence the area of the square will be \((10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

The total area will be - \(\pi{r^2}+(10-\frac{\pi{r}}{2})^2\).

Answer: E.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-thin-piece ... 06671.html
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 01:20
Hi friends,

Today I came across this question in a GMAT prep exam and I really can't figure out what I am doing wrong. I consistently arrive to answer C though I perfectly understand how to get to option E. Here is my reasoning:

Area of the circle: \(π*r^{2}\)

Area of the square:
Since there are 20 meters of wire to make the square, then each side of the square must have 5 meters long.
If \(2*π*r=20\), then \(r=\frac{10}{π}\)
In order to represent the side of the square (5 meters long) in terms of \(r\), I say that \(side of the square=r*\frac{π}{2}=\frac{10}{π}*\frac{π}{2}=5\). So \(area of the square=(r*\frac{π}{2})^2=\frac{1}{4}∗π^2∗r^2\)

Total area: \(πr^{2}+\frac{1}{4}∗π^2∗r^2\)

Option C :idontknow:

It would help me a lot if somebody could tell me where is the flaw in my method.
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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece  [#permalink]

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Re: A thin piece of wire 40 meters long is cut into two pieces. One piece   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2018, 06:08

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