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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged

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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Jan 2019, 21:42
1
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A
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C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (02:35) correct 62% (02:22) wrong based on 203 sessions

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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged or discouraged by business school programs, and new ventures by entrepreneurial alumni make tremendous case-study materials for entrepreneurial courses. This study was conducted through interviews with business school graduates aged 25 to 35, while the majority of entrepreneurs are older than 40, and almost all of them come from other disciplinary fields.

In the argument given, tho portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
B. They are both claims, each stating the exact opposite of other.
C. The first is part of a conclusion which the second challenges.
D. The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is contradictory evidence.
E. Each calls into question the conclusion of the argument.

Originally posted by faltan on 09 Jan 2019, 11:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Jan 2019, 21:42, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2019, 05:33
1
A. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.

By looking at the structure of the passage it seems ok. I'll leave it here for now.



B. They are both claims, each stating the exact opposite of other.

I wouldn't call it a claim also the second seems to be calling the first into question because of the research test group used. It seems to be saying that "hey, your conclusion is a generalisation because majority of the entrpreneurs are above forty and so and so" so it is NOT saying the opposite. INCORRECT


C. The first is part of a conclusion which the second challenges.

Seems quite similar to the option A. I'll keep it for now.

D. The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is contradictory evidence.

The second is definitely not contradictory evidence. It is just evidence that may havr been ignored by the ignored by the research - INCORRECT

E. Each calls into question the conclusion of the argument.

If each call the conclusion into question, where is the conclusion? Most definitely INCORRECT

Between A and C if you look closely the study concludes things: potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged or discouraged by business school programs, and new ventures by entrepreneurial alumni make tremendous case-study materials for entrepreneurial courses.

Only the first part (before and) is bolded so option C fits best.

Hope this helps!

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Re: According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2019, 05:42
1st bold face is a fact. why option C ,which says 1st bold face is a part of conclusion, is correct?
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Re: According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2019, 12:31
can anyone plz explain what the question is saying and how to find the correct answer?
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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2019, 03:59
Quote:
[size=90](Premise) According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged or discouraged by business school programs, and new ventures by entrepreneurial alumni make tremendous case-study materials for entrepreneurial courses.

(Premise) This study was conducted through interviews with business school graduates aged 25 to 35,

(Counter-premise) while the majority of entrepreneurs are older than 40, and almost all of them come from other disciplinary fields.

jrk23 This took awhile to understand. The stimulus begins by giving us the result of a recent study (hello, facts!) that “potential entrepreneurs” are pretty wishy-washy about business school. AND that new ventures they make great case studies. The second half is the author exposing the flaw of the study, claiming that the study only got answers from business graduates BUT that real entrepreneurs are generally 40+ years old and mostly never touched an MBA.

This “argument” is interesting for a bold-face in that it doesn’t really have an explicit conclusion at all….if anything, one could assume that the author believes that the recent study only partially right. (Maybe nightblade354 can help here....not totally sure about this "conclusion of the argument" v. "conclusion".)

In the argument given, tho portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
Well, the first is not the argument’s conclusion. It could be the conclusion of the “recent study” though. Like I mentioned earlier, the conclusion of the argument is not the first statement. I’d venture to say that the conclusion isn’t even stated in this argument.

B. They are both claims, each stating the exact opposite of other.
No, the first premise/statement is definitely a fact. Also, they are not the “exact” opposite. The counter-premise only attacks the recent study’s claim that “potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged…by business school programs"...not the discouraged part.

C. The first is part of a conclusion which the second challenges.
This is true. The bold face is A CONCLUSION of the recent study (not the conclusion of the argument). The second correctly challenges that conclusion. The counter-premise is basically the invisible author saying: Hey, your recent study is kind of flawed because you surveyed only 25-35 year olds WHO GRADUATED from business school! But, if you really check out the demographics of the majority oc entrepreneurs older than that….”almost all of them came from [non business school backgrounds]”…so your study is clearly not 100% accurate!

D. The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is contradictory evidence.
Sure, the first could be evidence! But does it support an explanation that the argument challenges? No, the evidence is OPPOSING the “argument” (that kind of doesn’t exist).

E. Each calls into question the conclusion of the argument.
No, the first and second are definitely on opposing sides.
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According to a recent study, potential entrepreneurs can be encouraged   [#permalink] 30 May 2019, 03:59
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