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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita

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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita [#permalink]

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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.



I chose E. However, I can't figure out whether the modifier "which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year" refers to "consumption" or "the U.S.". Normally, noun modifier can modify slightly far away noun as in this link " noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html " if using that modifier will not create ambiguous. In this sentence, "19 pounds a year" cannot be used to describe "the U.S"; thus, I think that this modifier refersto "consumption". However, as I read, many folks mention that using this modifier can modify "the U.S", leaving me a huge confusion.

Experts, please help to explain this issue to me! Many thanks and kudos for you!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2014, 00:12
LucyDang wrote:
According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.



I chose E. However, I can't figure out whether the modifier "which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year" refers to "consumption" or "the U.S.". Normally, noun modifier can modify slightly far away noun as in this link " noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html " if using that modifier will not create ambiguous. In this sentence, "19 pounds a year" cannot be used to describe "the U.S"; thus, I think that this modifier refersto "consumption". However, as I read, many folks mention that using this modifier can modify "the U.S", leaving me a huge confusion.

Experts, please help to explain this issue to me! Many thanks and kudos for you!




Hey Maybe i can help here.
IMO E
"which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year"refers to "consumption"..Lets see meaning of each choice

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. - In this option, "which" incorrectly modifies United states.United states cannot approach 19 pounds/yr. It has to be some quantity which must reach the value of 19p/yr.[/color]

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Incorrectly worded sentence..Here the " National Pasta Association " seems to modify "approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States"


C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Meaning changes here "National Pasta association predicts" by the" twenty-first century" is not the intended meaning.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Same error as above

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Perfectly worded
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Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2014, 00:22
sachinwar wrote:

Hey Maybe i can help here.
IMO E
"which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year"refers to "consumption"..Lets see meaning of each choice

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. --- In this option, "which" incorrectly modifies United states[color=#ff0000].United states cannot approach 19 pounds/yr. It has to be some quantity which must reach the value of 19p/yr.
[/color]

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Incorrectly worded sentence..Here the " National Pasta Association " seems to modify "approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States"


C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Meaning changes here "National Pasta association predicts" by the" twenty-first century" is not the intended meaning.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Same error as above

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Perfectly worded


Hey sachinwar,

Many thanks for your prompt response! Your explanation for choice A is exactly what I want to understand. My point is that since "19 pounds" cannot modify "the U.S", placing the modifier "which..." in this position will not create ambiguous and clearly refer to "consumption". Please read the similar situation and related theory in this link: noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Lucy
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Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 03:46
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Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2017, 03:46
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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita

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