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# Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development

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MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5128
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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29 Apr 2015, 12:53
2
9
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (00:47) correct 59% (00:46) wrong based on 424 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

A. to survive
B. of firms to survive
C. for surviving
D. for survival
E. for firms' survival

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Joined: 01 Nov 2010
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Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT Date: 08-27-2012
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WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)

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29 Apr 2015, 13:28
1
Firm word must be there so that ,in non-underlined part, Such firms ref to firms mentioned earlier.

B & E remains.
to + verb indicates intention, hence correct.B is correct.
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Joined: 17 Jul 2014
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Location: United States (IL)
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30 Apr 2015, 14:09
souvik101990 wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry,
an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, - noun + noun modifier
such firms tend to be very large.

we need to present somewhere in the beginning "firms"
A, C, D are out
E cannot be correct, since it presents firms' survival - possessive form.
only B remains

but, required of firms - sounds awkward to me.
MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5128
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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01 May 2015, 02:19
2
1
The subject of the main clause (such firms) presumes a prior reference to the firms in question. Furthermore,
the logical subject of to survive and the logical complement of required should be made explicit. All three
demands are met by B, the best choice. Choices A, C, and D, with no reference to the firms in question, meet
none of these demands. In choice E, the illogical and awkward use of a prepositional phrase (for firms' survival)
buries the needed initial reference to firms in a possessive modifier.
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23 Apr 2018, 23:33
narrowed down to (B) (E)
Didn't know required of is a thing
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Joined: 16 Mar 2018
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24 Apr 2018, 04:59
On Manhattan SC book 5th edition chapter 9 ,
Idiom "Require" page 170, it states the example: She requires of her friend to do work. and classify it as wrong while the subjunctive form is " she requires of her friend that work be done" is correct . I'am convinced that in this question B is the right choice since no other choice include the noun firm.
Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2018, 04:59
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