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Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development

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Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2015, 11:53
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (00:48) correct 58% (00:44) wrong based on 210 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

A. to survive
B. of firms to survive
C. for surviving
D. for survival
E. for firms' survival
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2015, 12:28
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Firm word must be there so that ,in non-underlined part, Such firms ref to firms mentioned earlier.

B & E remains.
to + verb indicates intention, hence correct.B is correct.
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Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 13:09
souvik101990 wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.


Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry,
an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, - noun + noun modifier
such firms tend to be very large.

we need to present somewhere in the beginning "firms"
A, C, D are out
E cannot be correct, since it presents firms' survival - possessive form.
only B remains


but, required of firms - sounds awkward to me.

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Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2015, 01:19
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The subject of the main clause (such firms) presumes a prior reference to the firms in question. Furthermore,
the logical subject of to survive and the logical complement of required should be made explicit. All three
demands are met by B, the best choice. Choices A, C, and D, with no reference to the firms in question, meet
none of these demands. In choice E, the illogical and awkward use of a prepositional phrase (for firms' survival)
buries the needed initial reference to firms in a possessive modifier.
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Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 08:39
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Advanced SC: Because of the enormous research and development   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2017, 08:39
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