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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans

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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 May 2018, 23:21
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A
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 202
Page: 685

After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Originally posted by rakesh22 on 31 Oct 2007, 21:08.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 May 2018, 23:21, edited 3 times in total.
Added colon
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2007, 19:06
OA is D. I did not realize that 2 items of the past are used, so simple past and past perfect have to be used.
Thanks.

rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 05:34
202. After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet
Tubman's maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an
excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.
(A) Tubman's maintained that she has
(B) Tubman's maintain that she had
(C) Tubman's have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

the answer D, why ?
thanks
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 11:22
3
1
"contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's...." This is actually redundant. "contemporaries of Harriet Tubman" is already possessive, and the apostrophe+s is not needed. In fact if you add it, the sentence begs the question "Contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's what??"

This rules out choices A, B and C.

Between D and E it's basically the tenses

E has the past perfect coupled with the present tense, where both events are happening in the past. Thus it is incorrect to use the present tense "has"

This leaves D which corrects the apostrophe s and uses proper tenses. "maintained... had..." both are in the past.

Pick D.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 19:12
It boils down to only D and E.

(D) Tubman maintained that she had ----> "maintained" and "had"
There cannot be a time difference between your thinking (maintain) and the thought (HB had all the qualities of the good leader). They both happen at the same time. D is not using past perfect.

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has ----> Change of meaning.
"had maintained"
I believe past perfect will have the effect of sequencing events leading to a nonsensical sentence.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 11:41
D for me.

xmagedo, I would request you to not put the answer directly with the question. That defeats the purpose of solving questions.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 13:44
xmagedo wrote:
202. After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet
Tubman's maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an
excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.
(A) Tubman's maintained that she has
(B) Tubman's maintain that she had
(C) Tubman's have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

use of apostrophes in A to C - out.
D: after the civil war, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman testified of the qualities she was known for before the war.
She possessed several qualities of a great leader, hence the use of "had."
(D) is the best choice.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 14:05
Possessives are incorrect, A, B and C are out.

E is incorrect because "contemporaries...maintained" could not possibly have happened before "she has...". Hence D.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 23:57
Lets break down the sentence:

1) After the Civil War, --> prepositional phrase (acting as an adjective modifying contemporaries)
2) contemporaries of Harriet Tubman maintained --> subject + verb: contemporaries maintained (here, just use simple past since we don't have another verb that we need to distinquish BEFORE the verb "maintained")
3) that she had all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail. --> relative that-clause with simple past verb had. note this is simple past, not a perfect past tense as we don't have "had + past participle".
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2013, 09:51
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2013, 13:03
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail .

Possesive nouns is incorrect , also "has" is present tense it has to be paste tense "had" .

So technically D is the answer !!!
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2013, 21:54
1
1. Contemporaries of Tubman’s is double possessive and wrong; It should be either contemporaries of Tubman or Tubman’s contemporaries.

2. Past tense verbs -maintained and had(possessed) -are required to describe a simple past event

So D
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 15:14
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities
of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in
minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintained that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Hi, I added this Q as other posts don't include OA
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 22:31
I went wrong in my reasoning below.

Option D: 'Tubman maintained that she had'.

I felt that this option seems to suggest - the contemporaries thought Tubman had the qualities, and Tubman doesn't possess the qualities right now.

Please correct where am I wrong in the above.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 23:43
---start---
First Check : Sentence is in Direct Speech or Indirect Speech = Indirect Speech (verb tense Indirect Speech mode activated)
Second Check : What other forms of grammatical errors in the sentence (Run normal scan)
Error : Double possessive identified : ...contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's...
Eliminate similar choices: A, B, and C eliminated.
Apply Indirect Speech tense test on D and E : D passed & E failed.
Answer : D
---end---


202. After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.
(A) Tubman's maintained that she has
(B) Tubman's maintain that she had
(C) Tubman's have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had -- I expect she had had (past perfect tense)
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2014, 08:46
GK_Gmat wrote:
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


D.

'she' can only refer to "Tubman" and not to "Tubman's". Eliminate A B C.
First tense should be simple past and second tense should be past perfect to convey the right meaning. E past perfect first and present perfect in that order making it incorrect.


This can also be true in various cases-"E past perfect first and present perfect in that order making it incorrect."
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 12:30
kanigmat011 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Option D usage of had after she is confusing .
I don't see any sequence here

Best choice would had been

Tubman maintained that she has

as she still posses these qualities

Please correct my reasoning


Hi,
Now we all know that a,b,and c are wrong. Now lets focus on the option D and E.
First and very important thing that we should know is when we use past tense, then it does not play any role in present not even its effects. Both options have (Tubman maintained and Tubman had maintained) sentence which refers to the past and hence the next sentence followed by 'she' must be in the past because Tubman maintained her qualities in the past. In the past, How Tubman could maintain her qualities that she possess now (if we use 'has')? Thus, logically it is flawed. Hence option E is wrong.

Moreover, here in the sentence 'had' or 'has' is not used as a verb but rather as a possessive word.

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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2016, 11:07
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


Error Analysis
(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct

(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s

(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The original sentence used simple past - "maintained" (action completed). There is no reason to change simple past to present perfect- have maintained (there is no evidence that opinion of contemporaries is maintained in present)

(D) Tubman maintained that she had - CORRECT

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
Use of past perfect "had maintained" is incorrect. There is no two related events in past.
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2016, 08:26
SPLIT1) APOSTROPHE " ' " IS NOT NEEDED. A,B,C ARE OUT

SPLIT2) PAST TENSE, SINCE THIS IS IN THE PAST THE USAGE OF VERB "HAD" IS CORRECT WHILE "IS" OR "HAS" IS INCORRRECT. A AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT3) OPTION E HAS PAST PERFECT "HAD MAINTAINED" AND PRESENT PERFECT "HAS" AND THIS IS INCORRECT. E IS OUT

SPLIT4) IN THIS SENTENCE THE WORDS "HAD" AND "HAS" ARE USED AS A POSSESIVE WORD, NOT USED AS VERBS.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 03:53
2
goodyear2013 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities
of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in
minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintained that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Hi, I added this Q as other posts don't include OA


in choice E, "had maintained" has no past time point. we need a past point for had done. moreover, "has " is not correct here because the meaing makes "has " incorrect. in most of the cases, if verb in main clause is in the past, the verb in "that-clause" normally in the past but it can be in present time depending on meaning. the meaning here dose not allowe present time "has"
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans &nbs [#permalink] 16 Dec 2016, 03:53

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