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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that

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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has



The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 202
Page: 685

Originally posted by rakesh22 on 31 Oct 2007, 22:08.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Feb 2019, 02:00, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 12:22
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1
"contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's...." This is actually redundant. "contemporaries of Harriet Tubman" is already possessive, and the apostrophe+s is not needed. In fact if you add it, the sentence begs the question "Contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's what??"

This rules out choices A, B and C.

Between D and E it's basically the tenses

E has the past perfect coupled with the present tense, where both events are happening in the past. Thus it is incorrect to use the present tense "has"

This leaves D which corrects the apostrophe s and uses proper tenses. "maintained... had..." both are in the past.

Pick D.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2007, 20:06
OA is D. I did not realize that 2 items of the past are used, so simple past and past perfect have to be used.
Thanks.

rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 20:12
It boils down to only D and E.

(D) Tubman maintained that she had ----> "maintained" and "had"
There cannot be a time difference between your thinking (maintain) and the thought (HB had all the qualities of the good leader). They both happen at the same time. D is not using past perfect.

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has ----> Change of meaning.
"had maintained"
I believe past perfect will have the effect of sequencing events leading to a nonsensical sentence.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 14:44
xmagedo wrote:
202. After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet
Tubman's maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an
excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.
(A) Tubman's maintained that she has
(B) Tubman's maintain that she had
(C) Tubman's have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

use of apostrophes in A to C - out.
D: after the civil war, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman testified of the qualities she was known for before the war.
She possessed several qualities of a great leader, hence the use of "had."
(D) is the best choice.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2010, 00:57
Lets break down the sentence:

1) After the Civil War, --> prepositional phrase (acting as an adjective modifying contemporaries)
2) contemporaries of Harriet Tubman maintained --> subject + verb: contemporaries maintained (here, just use simple past since we don't have another verb that we need to distinquish BEFORE the verb "maintained")
3) that she had all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail. --> relative that-clause with simple past verb had. note this is simple past, not a perfect past tense as we don't have "had + past participle".
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2013, 22:54
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1. Contemporaries of Tubman’s is double possessive and wrong; It should be either contemporaries of Tubman or Tubman’s contemporaries.

2. Past tense verbs -maintained and had(possessed) -are required to describe a simple past event

So D
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2014, 00:43
---start---
First Check : Sentence is in Direct Speech or Indirect Speech = Indirect Speech (verb tense Indirect Speech mode activated)
Second Check : What other forms of grammatical errors in the sentence (Run normal scan)
Error : Double possessive identified : ...contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's...
Eliminate similar choices: A, B, and C eliminated.
Apply Indirect Speech tense test on D and E : D passed & E failed.
Answer : D
---end---


202. After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.
(A) Tubman's maintained that she has
(B) Tubman's maintain that she had
(C) Tubman's have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had -- I expect she had had (past perfect tense)
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2016, 12:07
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


Error Analysis
(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct

(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s

(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The original sentence used simple past - "maintained" (action completed). There is no reason to change simple past to present perfect- have maintained (there is no evidence that opinion of contemporaries is maintained in present)

(D) Tubman maintained that she had - CORRECT

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
Use of past perfect "had maintained" is incorrect. There is no two related events in past.
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 04:53
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goodyear2013 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities
of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in
minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintained that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Hi, I added this Q as other posts don't include OA


in choice E, "had maintained" has no past time point. we need a past point for had done. moreover, "has " is not correct here because the meaing makes "has " incorrect. in most of the cases, if verb in main clause is in the past, the verb in "that-clause" normally in the past but it can be in present time depending on meaning. the meaning here dose not allowe present time "has"
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 12:04
goodyear2013 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintained that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman maintained that she had all of the qualities of a greater leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

Correct aswer must be (D) for the highlighted errors in the other options....

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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 08:51
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader: coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has - usage of contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's is incorrect ; Harriet Tubman's contemporaries or contemporaries of Harriet Tubman is correct
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had - same as A
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had - same as A
(D) Tubman maintained that she had - Correct
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has - usage of past perfect had maintained is incorrect

Answer D
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 14:01
Hi rakesh22,

Thank you for your question. To tackle this question, let's look at the two main differences between each answer:

1. Tubman's / Tubman
2. she had / she has

If we start by looking at how each answer begins, we see that there is a difference between Tubman's / Tubman. By saying "contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's," it means that these are contemporaries of something Tubman owns or has - not Tubman herself. Therefore, we can rule out answers A, B, & C because the extra 's changes the meaning.

Now that we have it narrowed down to two possible answers, let's look at how they stack up to #2 on our list:

(D) Tubman maintained that she had
This is the CORRECT answer because it uses the past tense "she had," which indicates that she died, which is true.

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
This is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense "she has," which indicates that Harriet Tubman is still alive somehow. She is not, so using present tense doesn't make logical sense.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that  [#permalink]

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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans maintained that   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 01:39
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