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After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he

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After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Jan 2019, 04:05
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A
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Question Stats:

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After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope that he might finish before the deadline.


A. After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope
B. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he began to hope
C. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he begun to hope
D. When the essay started to take shape after working on it for two hours, he began to hope
E. After working for two hours, the student's essay started to take shape, and he began to hope


Spoiler: :: Poster's comment
Please explain why can't A be the right choice.....

Originally posted by avaneeshvyas on 15 Nov 2012, 01:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Jan 2019, 04:05, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 01:10
avaneeshvyas wrote:
After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope that he might finish before the deadline.


A. After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope
B. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he began to hope
C. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he begun to hope
D. When the essay started to take shape after working on it for two hours, he began to hope
E. After working for two hours, the student's essay started to take shape, and he began to hope


Please explain why can't A be the right choice.....


misplaced modifier in A suggests that essay started to take shape after working for 2 hours...
B is free of grammatical and logical errors.
C has 'he begun to hope' incorrect tense
D is illogical. has essay started to take shape after working on something? what is 'it'?
E again has misplaced modifier. It suggests that Student's essay, after working for 2 hours, started to take shape.

Ans B it is.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 01:16
Vips0000 wrote:
avaneeshvyas wrote:
After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope that he might finish before the deadline.


A. After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope
B. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he began to hope
C. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he begun to hope
D. When the essay started to take shape after working on it for two hours, he began to hope
E. After working for two hours, the student's essay started to take shape, and he began to hope


Please explain why can't A be the right choice.....


misplaced modifier in A suggests that essay started to take shape after working for 2 hours...
B is free of grammatical and logical errors.
C has 'he begun to hope' incorrect tense
D is illogical. has essay started to take shape after working on something? what is 'it'?
E again has misplaced modifier. It suggests that Student's essay, after working for 2 hours, started to take shape.

Ans B it is.



But then essay did start taking shape after 2 hours of work on it......isn't it so? Please help me understand the mistake Ï am making....
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 01:19
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avaneeshvyas wrote:
Vips0000 wrote:
avaneeshvyas wrote:
After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope that he might finish before the deadline.


A. After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope
B. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he began to hope
C. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he begun to hope
D. When the essay started to take shape after working on it for two hours, he began to hope
E. After working for two hours, the student's essay started to take shape, and he began to hope


Please explain why can't A be the right choice.....


misplaced modifier in A suggests that essay started to take shape after working for 2 hours...
B is free of grammatical and logical errors.
C has 'he begun to hope' incorrect tense
D is illogical. has essay started to take shape after working on something? what is 'it'?
E again has misplaced modifier. It suggests that Student's essay, after working for 2 hours, started to take shape.

Ans B it is.



But then essay did start taking shape after 2 hours of work on it......isn't it so? Please help me understand the mistake Ï am making....

who was working?
essays were working for 2 hours or 'he' was working on essay?
when you say:
After working for two hours, the essay .....
the modifier 'After working for two hours' modified the first word after comma which is the essay. Suggesting that essay was working. Hence incorrect.
Hope it helps.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 20:31
Interesting problem. I would probably get lucky by picking B over D here on intuition, but maybe not. A and E are out for sounding as though the the essay is working in the stockyards or somethign, btw.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2016, 12:35
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1. Eliminate A and E because they both say, in different ways, that the essay was working for two hours. The subject of WORKING is in both cases ESSAY, so the meaning is nonsensical.

2. Reserve B.

3. Eliminate C because HE BEGUN is grammatically incorrect: the Past Simple is the tense required here, and its form in this verb is BEGAN.

4. Eliminate D because it remains unclear who or what was working on it for two hours. Compare this phrase with the clause in option B: after he had worked on it for two hours. In B it is clear who was working. Furthermore, the change to the Past Perfect is required here: first the student worked and then he began, so the correct sequence is HAD WORKED ... HE BEGAN.

5. B is therefore the correct answer.

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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2016, 00:32
Abhishek009 wrote:
After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope that he might finish before the deadline.

A. After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he began to hope
B. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he began to hope
C. When the essay started to take shape after he had worked on it for two hours, he begun to hope
D. When the essay started to take shape after working on it for two hours, he began to hope
E. After working for two hours, the student's essay started to take shape, and he began to hope

B

Source : majortests.com


We need someone who is working on the essay.
Hence we can easily remove the options A, D and E

Between B and C, begun is not the correct form of verb here.
We need a simple past tense: began
Because he started to hope after a previous event (started essays)

Hence The Correct Option: B

NOTE: Always keep in mind. If an action is happening, try to find out who is doing the action.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 20:30
No antecedent of "he" at all, so all options is not convincing
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2017, 21:51
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Can pronoun be used in a GMAT SC without any antecedent?
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 17:10
Nooo, we definitely can't use "he" without an antecedent on the GMAT. B is the only answer that isn't grammatically wrong, and this would be a fine sentence in the context of a larger piece of writing (in which we would presumably know who "he" is), but this would never fly on the GMAT.
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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2019, 22:26
As DmitryFarber has pointed out, I guess antecedents are a must..gmat would still prefer an ambiguous antecedent case rather than just no antecedent.

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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2019, 22:26
As DmitryFarber has pointed out, I guess antecedents are a must..gmat would still prefer an ambiguous antecedent case rather than just no antecedent.

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Re: After working for two hours, the essay started to take shape, and he   [#permalink] 01 May 2019, 22:26
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