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All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.

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All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2011, 15:59
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66% (01:07) correct 34% (00:49) wrong based on 506 sessions

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All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.

From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?

A) Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist philosopher, then he or she is German.

B) Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is an idealist.

C) If a German is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he or she is not Marx.

D) Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.

E) Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then he or she is an idealist.

---------
I feel like two of the answer choices could be correct. Why is D wrong?
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2011, 01:18
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Yalephd wrote:
All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.

From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?

D) Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.

E) Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then he or she is an idealist.

Why is D wrong?


Here you must be careful to read the question: it asks which answer choice will let you draw the conclusion in the stem. It is *not* asking you which answer choice is a correct conclusion based on the stem. The question is set up 'backwards'.

So if you start with D, that 'Marx is not an idealist German philosopher', would it follow logically that 'All German philosophers besides Marx are idealists?' No, you only have information about Marx, not about any other German philosophers. So D is out. E on the other hand, is really just a rephrasing of the stem, so you can certainly draw the conclusion in the stem if you know answer E.
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2011, 23:23
Yalephd wrote:
I feel like two of the answer choices could be correct. Why is D wrong?


D is wrong b/c Marx is a German philosopher but just not an idealist, trap answer.
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2011, 02:19
E makes more sense to me as it just re-states the CR statement in other words.
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 08:12
Answered D. I misunderstood the question to be "Passage infers which choice" instead of "Which choice infers Passage". Tricky.
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 22:00
was slighlty confused bet d and e
but eneded up selecting e
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2011, 02:10
It is a inference question n what u infer is never stated in argument . D is clearly stated and thus E is correct .
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2011, 09:11
D says "Marx is not an idealist German philosopher."

so from this i can infer that "Marx could be a non idealist German philosopher"
which is basically what the question stem is trying to say
i can also infer from D that "Marx could be an idealist French philosopher"
also "Marx could be an idealist German poet"
and "Marx could be a non idealist German poet"

2nd,3rd,4th inference are not consistent with the question stem and hence D is not entirely correct.
E has no such problem,it is basically rephrasing the stem.
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2011, 14:20
+1 E

A - In other words, Marx is not German. Wrong.
B - The same as A.
C - Marx is not a philosopher. Wrong.
D - This option doesn't allow you to conclude that the rest of German philosophers are idealists.
E - Correct
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Re: Inference question - German philosophers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2011, 02:25
E paraphrases that except Marx, other German philosophers are Idealists.
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Re: All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2015, 14:08
race between C and E...

C: If a German is an idealist he or she may not be a philosopher...

E: whatever means we try to prove it wrong, it proves us wrong... E it is...
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Re: All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2016, 20:13
I eliminated all but D and E.
D seems to be a trap. Marx is a german philosopher, but not idealist.
E is more appropriately worded.
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Re: All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2017, 13:32
since the source is from Kaplan, test takers will want to do this question.
The big issue here is the question is really confusing.
Since E is written from the passage, many test takers will doubt that E is an inference. Nevertheless, in this question, E is truly the answer.

There are 2 groups of of German philosophers: one group includes Marx, and the other group consists of Marx only. The argument is actually about the group 1, not the group 2 => D is wrong.
Re: All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists. &nbs [#permalink] 12 Nov 2017, 13:32
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