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Manager  Joined: 05 Oct 2008
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All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 67% (01:34) correct 33% (02:07) wrong based on 647 sessions

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Attachment: Line.png [ 10.1 KiB | Viewed 19520 times ]
All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities?

A. y < 2x + 3
B. y < -2x + 3
C. y < -x + 3
D. y < 1/2*x + 3
E. y < -1/2*x + 3

Originally posted by study on 13 Oct 2009, 12:08.
Last edited by Bunuel on 28 Jun 2013, 01:35, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Re: GMATPrep Lines  [#permalink]

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3 All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities?
A. y < 2x + 3
B. y < -2x + 3
C. y < -x + 3
D. y < 1/2*x + 3
E. y < -1/2*x + 3

First of all we should write the equation of the line $$l$$:

We have two points: A(0,3) and B(6,0).

Equation of a line which passes through two points $$(x_1,y_1)$$ and $$(x_2,y_2)$$ is $$\frac{y-y_1}{x-x_1}=\frac{y_1-y_2}{x_1-x_2}$$

So equation of a line which passes the points A(0,3) and B(6,0) would be: $$\frac{y-3}{x-0}=\frac{3-0}{0-6}$$ --> $$2y+x-6=0$$ --> $$y=-\frac{1}{2}x+3$$

Points below this line satisfy the inequality: $$y<-\frac{1}{2}x+3$$

OR
The equation of line which passes through the points $$A(0,3)$$ and $$B(6,0)$$ can be written in the following way:

Equation of a line in point intercept form is $$y=mx+b$$, where: $$m$$ is the slope of the line and $$b$$ is the y-intercept of the line (the value of $$y$$ for $$x=0$$).

The slope of a line, $$m$$, is the ratio of the "rise" divided by the "run" between two points on a line, thus $$m=\frac{y_1-y_2}{x_1-x_2}$$ -->$$\frac{3-0}{0-6}=-\frac{1}{2}$$ and $$b$$ is the value of $$y$$ when $$x=0$$ --> A(0,3) --> $$b=3$$.

So the equation is $$y=-\frac{1}{2}x+3$$

Points below this line satisfy the inequality: $$y<-\frac{1}{2}x+3$$.

Actually one could guess that the answer is E at the stage of calculating the slope $$m=-\frac{1}{2}$$, as only answer choice E has the same slope line in it.

Answer: E.

For more please check Coordinate Geometry chapter of the Math Book (link in my signature).

Hope it's clear.
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Kaplan GMAT Instructor Joined: 21 Jun 2010
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Re: gmat prep,, PS question  [#permalink]

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Hi,

compute the slope. The slope is the change in rise over run or (y2-y1)/(x2-x1). So, slope is (3-0)/(0-6) = -1/2. (Or, (0-3)/(6-0) = -1/2. And the y-intercept of the line (where the line crosses or touches the y-axis) is +3. Thus, using the line equation y = mx + b (in which "y" and "x" is an ordinate pair for any point on the line, "m" is slope, and "b" is y-intercept), the equation of the line is y = -1/2x + 3. We're looking for points that lie below this line, so for any given value of x, the y value should be the biggest possible value without going above the line. Thus, the correct answer is choice E.

You can pick numbers to confirm. Let x = 6. We know that when x = 6, according to the line, y = 0. Let's plug x = 6 into the line equation: y = (-1/2)*6 + 3 = 0. Yep, that's right. To fall below the line, then, when x = 6, y<0.

If you understand the line equation, then as soon as you computed the slope of "-1/2", you know that the answer is E, and you're done (because none of the other choices have "-1/2").

We could have also observed that the slope is negative (because the line is "falling" reading from left to right). That observation allows us to cancel choices A and D. The slope is definitely not -1...eliminate C. Choice B is a trap for someone who reversed the given and x and y coordinates or else a trap for someone who computed slope as run/rise rather than rise/run.
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Senior Manager  B
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 364
Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: GMATPrep Lines  [#permalink]

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4
The line will be in the form of y=mx+b
In this case we are looking for a negative m (eliminate option A and D).
Finally we are looking for a line with X intercept of 6.
So if you make y=0 for all remaining formulas you get

b) x=3/2 wrong
c) x=3 wrong
e) x=6 RIGHT

ANS = E.
Intern  Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 38
gmat prep,, PS question  [#permalink]

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Can someone help me solve this problem please!!!

All points (x,y) that lie below the line L, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities..

*I couldnt draw the xy-plane but, y is +3 and x is +6 and line L is lined from y to x straight..

1) y<2x+3
2) y<-2x+3
3) y<-x+3
4) y<1/2x+3
5) y<-1/2x+3

the answer is 5...

thanks
Intern  Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 38
Re: GMATPrep Lines  [#permalink]

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Your explanation is very clear..

I understood now and you are right I didnt click to think this line going down from left to right which creates negative slope...

thank you so much!!
Kaplan GMAT Instructor Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 69
Location: Toronto
Re: GMATPrep Lines  [#permalink]

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gmatJP wrote:
Your explanation is very clear..

I understood now and you are right I didnt click to think this line going down from left to right which creates negative slope...

thank you so much!!

You're most welcome!
Manager  Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 137
Re: GMATPrep Lines  [#permalink]

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Looks difficult but after solving, becomes eazy.... good.
Math Expert V
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Posts: 57279
Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, satisfy which of  [#permalink]

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Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

Theory on Coordinate Geometry: math-coordinate-geometry-87652.html

All DS Coordinate Geometry Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=41
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, satisfy which of  [#permalink]

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study wrote:
All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, satisfy which of the following inequalities?

A. y<2x+3
B. y<-2x+3
C. y<-x+3
D. y<1/2x+3
E. y<-1/2x+3
Attachment:
new_PS_Lines_E.JPG

For any given line L, if the intercepts are given, we can write the equation of the line as $$\frac {x} {x-intercept} + \frac {y} {y-intercept} -1 = 0$$

For the given line, it stands as L = $$\frac {x} {6} + \frac {y} {3} -1 = 0$$ Now, notice that when the value of origin is plugged in (0,0), we get L as 0+0-1 --> L<0. Thus, the origin lies on the negative side of the given line. And, as origin lies below the given line, all the points in that region will make L<0 -->

$$\frac {x} {6} + \frac {y} {3} -1<0$$ --> $$\frac {y} {3}< 1-\frac {x} {6}$$ --> $$y < 3-\frac {x} {2}$$

E.
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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study wrote:
Attachment:
Line.png
All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities?

A. y < 2x + 3
B. y < -2x + 3
C. y < -x + 3
D. y < 1/2*x + 3
E. y < -1/2*x + 3

Frankly, I did this question without any calculation. I hope my approach helps you save time.

First step:
We have equation: $$y = ax + b$$ in which a is the slope of the line.
I see the line "l" passes through quadrant II and IV ==> The slope of line "l" should be negative
==> A, D are out immediately.

Second step.
We see two points, say A (6, 0) and B (0, 3) on line "l".
Let plug in one point, say A (6,0) to B, C, E ==> C is out
Let plug in the second point, say B (0,3) to D & E ==> D is out

Only E remains and is correct.

Hope it helps.

PS: You can save a lot of time by using "plug in" method
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, satisfy which of  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

We have X intercept as 6 and Y intercept as 3

The equation of a line having a as X intercept and b as Y intercept is $$\frac{x}{a}$$ + $$\frac{y}{b}$$ = 1

So the equation of the line above would be $$\frac{x}{6}$$ + $$\frac{y}{3}$$ = 1 ----------> Y = $$\frac{-1x}{2}$$ + 3

All the points below the line would satisfy the inequality Y < $$\frac{-1x}{2}$$ + 3

Hence Choice E
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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study wrote:
Attachment:
Line.png
All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities?

A. y < 2x + 3
B. y < -2x + 3
C. y < -x + 3
D. y < 1/2*x + 3
E. y < -1/2*x + 3

As an alternative solution to this question i suggest to plug-in 0 for both x and y to find the x and y intercepts. From the graph it is clearly seen that the values of y should be less than 3 and the values of x should be less than 6 so ideally when we find the x and y intercepts should get the y<3 and x<6.

a) x=0 then y<3 this part works; y=0, x>-1,5 not our target;
b) x=0 then y<3 this part works; y=0, x<1,5 not our target;
c) x=0 then y<3 this part works; y=0, x<3 not our target;
d) x=0 then y<3 this part works; y=0, x>-6 not our target;
e) x=0 then y<3 this part works; y=0, x<6 BINGO!

E is the line in the graph satisfies y< -1/2*x + 3. This method seems timeconsuming but for those who forget the functions of slope and othe formulas this is very basic visual solution. It took just under 2 min, plus just from one glance it is seen that y<3 in all options so no need to spend time for y, just concentrate to find option which satisfies for x.

Hope that helps!
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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i just calculated the intercepts for x and y.onle E suffice and slope match
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above, satisfy which of the following inequalities?

A. y < 2x + 3
B. y < -2x + 3
C. y < -x + 3
D. y < 1/2*x + 3
E. y < -1/2*x + 3

The easiest approach.
Firstly, you have to know that a line which slopes downwards from left to right ALWAYS has -ve slope
=====>options A and D are eliminated
WHY?
ALL equations are of form y=mx+c, where m is slope.

Now, check y-intercept i.e., c in the options B,C and E
ALL are 3 and in the diagram also y-intercept is 3
So, at this point you cannot eliminate any options on basis of y-intercept\

BUT note that in the options slopes for all 3 options is DIFFERENT-this is what you should attack.
HOW?
Observe diagram: two co-ordinates on the line are (0,3) and (6,0)
slope=0-3/6-0=1/2
As line is -ve sloped(discussed earlier) m=-1/2
Only one options exists with this slope and its E. Intern  Joined: 15 Dec 2007
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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2
Took me 5 seconds to figure out the answer:
When you look at this graph, you can write it right away in this form: y=mx+b
b=point on y coordinate
m=negative > decreasing
m=positive > increasing
m=-1/2 = the line goes from b point to (2,2), as the next y,x integer cross, and (4,1) as the next, and (6,0) next (basically 1 in slope means that it goes 1 down, and 2 means it goes 2 down (if slope is negative, in positive one 1 means one up, 2 means 2 right).

So just by looking at (6,0) point and b=3 you can firmly say that the line is gonna be y=-1/2x+3.

So for instance if you draw line with b=2, and slope 5/3, you will get this green line (y=5/3x+2), and if you draw line with b=2 and slope -5/3, you will get orange line (y=-5/3x+2)
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Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above  [#permalink]

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Find the equation of the line by using two given points (0,3) and (6,0).

Find slope
(0-3)/(6-0)
=-1/2

Find y intercept (when x=0): y = 3 (positive)
Thus equation is y= -x/2 + 3

Since we are finding points less than the line we say y <-x/2 + 3
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+1 Kudos if you like my post pls! Re: All points (x,y) that lie below the line l, shown above   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2019, 19:52
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