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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2011, 08:16
C maintains the "work" & "that" parralellism.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 02:23
this one took 2: 17 to solve.. a tough one I must say..
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 20:05
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) [color=#ffff00]an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials [/color]has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

Hi,
In C, if it would have been an investigation by state medical officials of 'plural' that verb. <So the ver has to be plural in this case>
Am in right ?
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 14:05
1
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

Spoiler: :: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC Question# 61

Parallelism; Logical predication

This sentence is primarily concerned with presenting the findings of an investigation, so the main subject should be investigation, and the main verb should be has found. The findings are most efficiently presented in a parallel series of relative clauses beginning with that.

A) The phrase finding that all. . . has nothing to attach to in this sentence, because hospitals has been made the subject of the sentence; the items in the list of findings are not presented in parallel form.
B) The singular subject requires a singular verb; the items in the list of findings are not. presented in parallel form.
C) Correct. The sentence's structure makes it clear and logical.
D) The preposition with governs both examples of how the hospitals break the law, so parallelism requires that both verbs assume the ing ending.
E) The sentence is repetitive and indirect; the list of findings is not presented in parallel form.

The correct answer is C.



If we "cut the fluff" with answer choice (C) - we can see it as:

(C): ... an investigation of twelve hospitals ... has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

1) "Investigation" is singular - so "has found" is correct.

2) The verbs BREAK, WORK, and WORK are conistent--each list item has "that" - so that's consistent.

Everything checks off and no grammar issues. (C) looks good.
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 05:39
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 05:45
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work.

E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


i did not select C thinking "an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials". gives a meaning as if the investigation is conducted by twelve hospitals.

Can some one tell me what is the Error in option E.

an investigation has found that

a. all twelve consistently break the laws
b. that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight [with more than half the surgical residents working - modifies b]
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 05:58
Hi!
I think the main difference is in the way the last sentence is linked to the earlier one :- xyz residents work 24 hour shifts and pqr surgical residents (nit the same, but potentially different set of residents) working 95 hour weeks.

Option E incorrectly uses "with" to join the last sentence implying that the pqr is from within the abc, which we know need not be true. Option C is a mute correct way of stating the facts.

Hope it helps! :-)
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2013, 21:26
To all the guys who answered this question correctly in 1 min or under, I jus have one question, "How?"
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2013, 22:15
3
A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work---- Incorrect, because first Investigation has found that hospitals break the laws not state offices or the tweleve hospitals like this sentence implies. Also the many... and that is not parallel.
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working---- An investigation does not match with have. SVA error.
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work--- CORRECT.
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work---- Not parallel. the investigation has found, not the state medical officials.
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working--- with is incorrectly used. Also the of twelve hospitals, all twelve sounds words and awkward.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2014, 03:07
A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all
twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours
straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work -- incorrect
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all
twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24
hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working - an investigation have found ... incorrect
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all
twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours
straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work - correct
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve
breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and
more than half the surgical residents work-
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all
twelve consistently
break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours
straight, with more than half the surgical residents working - incorrect
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2014, 11:05
.an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work


Can we start a new clause with "that" after a comma???
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2014, 11:09
.an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work


Can we start a new clause with "that" after a comma???
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2014, 11:21
dhruv224 wrote:
.an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work


Can we start a new clause with "that" after a comma???


“that” certainly could follow a comma if there were a series of “that”-clauses in parallel: like in the above case.

“that” has many different uses. You can check out this post:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... s-of-that/

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2014, 23:15
dhruv224 wrote:
.an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work


Can we start a new clause with "that" after a comma???

Please note that the comma has nothing to do with that. The comma is needed because there are three things (as part of the list) that state medical officials have found.

On a separate note, that, whether used as a relative pronoun or a conjunction always starts a clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the various avatars of that, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email-id, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2014, 07:06
Can someone please highlight the error in Option A ?
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2014, 23:41
nitin6305 wrote:
Can someone please highlight the error in Option A ?

While there are quite a few errors, an easy way to eliminate A:

...finding that all twelve ...., many residents ..., and that more than half...

Clearly there are three elements. From a parallelism perspective, since the first and third elements start with that, the second element (many residents ...) should also start with that.
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2014, 03:01
My 2 cents.
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients
by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents,
twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that
all twelve consistently break the laws,
many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that
more than half the surgical residents work
more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
>>[Finding is wrong here as it is modifying incorrect sub "12 hospitals", "finding that and that" makes the 2 items in list whereas there total 3.]
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
>>[an investigation is sing hence have is incorrect; Whats the purpose of "that" here?]
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work.
[Hold on to it.Presenting all the 3 items in list previous error seems to be fixed.]
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
>>[What is "with" doing here ? With 800 score in real exam, he topped the list. Above usage of with falls in same line.It explains how Official found hospitals breaking the law. Also ||sm seems to be missing between working & work]
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
>>[found that .. , that many comes as a list but where is "and". Again usage of with is not correct here.]
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2014, 14:59
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

My question is how can investigation, the subject of the clause in the correct answer choice C, can be the subject? You find something as a result of investigation, investigation does not find anything! As this is an official guide question so it has to be right, but can someone please advise if this construction is Ok and makes sense?
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 06:45
A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work ---- “that” parallelism is flouted in the list.
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working--- investigation .. have found --- SV number error

C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work --- Correct list parallelism maintained

D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work ---- list parallelism fouled

E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working --- List parallelism flouted
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2016, 08:24
Nitin
After all, how can the officials find the truth by just looking at the hospitals; if only when they go deep into the affairs they can know the facts and that is the investigation. It is not unusual to write so. For example, we often say that an enquiry into the tragedy revealed this and that or a probe by an endoscope confirmed a tumor in the throat etc; we don't mention the agents of the probe or the enquiry. The important thing is the result of the investigation and not who conducted the investigation. Therefore, we can accept the investigation as the subject.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2016, 08:24

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