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# Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are

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Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2018, 12:18
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5% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:12) correct 22% (01:23) wrong based on 362 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 40 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

A) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation

B) acknowledged widely as safer than almost any transportation form

C) widely acknowledged as being safer than almost any form of transportation

D) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any other form of transportation

E) widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.

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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2018, 15:45
1
Let's try here.

generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 40 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

A) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation

B) acknowledged widely as safer than almost any transportation form

C) widely acknoweldged as being safer than almost any form of transportation

D) widely acknolwedged to be safer than almost any other form of transportation

E) widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.

Quick analysis:
D and E correctly use any other which is used when comparing similar things.
I believe D is in favor rather than E because it is less ambigious
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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2018, 20:46
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Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

A) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation

B) acknowledged widely as safer than almost any transportation form

C) widely acknoweldged as being safer than almost any form of transportation

D) widely acknolwedged to be safer than almost any other form of transportation

E) widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation

Meaning: modern air travel is safer than other forms of travel
We can quickly eliminate (A), (B), and (C) because they all use the phrase "any form"
"Any form" would include air travel itself. It is illogical to say air travel is safer than air travel.

(D), and (E) are left. "Acknowledged to be" is better in my opinion.

Ans: (D)
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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 04:44
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 40 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

A) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation

B) acknowledged widely as safer than almost any transportation form

C) widely acknoweldged as being safer than almost any form of transportation

D) widely acknolwedged to be safer than almost any other form of transportation

E) widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.

The intended meaning of the sentence is that even though 15% of the adults are afraid of flying, modern air travel is safer than any other form of transportation.

The meaning analysis is sufficient to arrive at the correct answer. In the original sentence, the author is comparing modern air travel with any form of travel which is not correct. Even [/b]modern air travel[/b] is a subset of any form of travel, so that is illogical. Options A, B and C can be eliminated on the basis of this. In option E, "that" is wrongly used with acknowledged. Option D is the correct answer choice as it rectifies that error.
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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 16:47
Why answer choice D is wrong? Please make me clear. Thank you
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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 21:45
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 40 Sentence Correction (SC2)

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

A) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any form of transportation
B) acknowledged widely as safer than almost any transportation form
C) widely acknowledged as being safer than almost any form of transportation
D) widely acknowledged to be safer than almost any other form of transportation
E) widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

• The easiest way to answer this question is to spot the logic error in
the original sentence.
Because air travel itself is a form of transportation, it cannot be "safer than any form of transportation."
Rather, air travel must be "safer than any other form of transportation."

On that basis, eliminate A, B, and C.

• D is correct. It creates a logical comparison: air travel is compared to any other form of transportation.

• E is incorrect. Inserting a that-clause into the sentence is [both grammatically incorrect and rhetorically awkward].

ErikLewe , I cannot recall having seen you on my topic threads, but I recall having seen you. Welcome.
If I've already welcomed you, well, twice won't hurt.

I am glad to see that everyone caught the logical issue.
There isn't a grammar rule for that error, so we're striking a good balance
between knowledge of rules and detection of weird meaning and logical error.

"Acknowledged that" is fine as an idiom, as is "acknowledged to be."

Answer E is wrong because the that-clause ruins the construction.
We can't stick a that-clause in the middle of a comparison between
air travel and any other form of transportation,
especially because that clauses always have subjects and verbs of their own (it is),
which makes a mess of "X is [acknowledged to be] safer than Y."

ErikLewe , I take it from the red highlight that you caught the misplacement,
but I don't know what to make of the claim that "D is less ambiguous than E."

E is not ambiguous. E is incomprehensible. I will give you the benefit of the doubt.
lary301254M7 also benefits; he didn't like the "that," either.

In order to show different levels (I'm making up ranks as I go: smiley face = 2nd place and kudos = 1st place),
ErikLewe and lary301254M7 get smiley faces, and Prateekj05 , who wrote the best answer, gets kudos.

Nice work, everyone!
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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 21:46
Roma123 wrote:
Why answer choice D is wrong? Please make me clear. Thank you

Hi Roma123 , welcome to GMAT Club!

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Re: Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 22:31
1
I apologize for mistake, I meant why answer choice E is wrong?
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Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2018, 15:28
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Roma123 wrote:
I apologize for mistake, I meant why answer choice E is wrong?

No worries. Typos are common -- just ask me!

In case the explanation above is not clear, here is (E) inserted into the sentence:

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, modern air travel is widely acknowledged that it is safer than almost any other form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

We are comparing modern air travel and any other form of transportation.

X is [widely acknowledged as] safer than [any other] Y.
Stripped: X is safer than Y

When the "that it is" gets inserted, we have created two problems:

(1) the subject, X, shows up twice, a construction that is not the same as the idiom.

If a pronoun exists, we can always replace that pronoun with the noun to check for accuracy. So replace "it" with " modern air travel."

. . . modern air travel is widely acknowledged that modern air travel is safer than almost any other form of transportation. . .

That construction should look redundant at the least. The grammatically incorrect structure can be written this way:

X is [widely acknowledged] that X is safer than Y

Stripped: X is X that is safer than Y

(2) "acknowledged that" is used improperly. "Acknowledged" is a subject complement (an adjective that is the object of a linking verb),and acknowledged already has a subject: modern air travel.

"Acknowledged" cannot also be followed by the same subject.

This construction would be correct:

Although it is estimated that more than 15% of adults are afraid of flying, a condition known as aviophobia, it is widely acknowledged that modern air travel is safer than almost any other form of transportation—far safer, for example, than automotive travel.

I hope that analysis helps.
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Although it is estimated that more than 15 % of adults are   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 15:28
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