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Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of

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Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 May 2018, 23:16
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Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence, the people of Farland changed their views on the monarchy, citing the very large tax burden imposed on them in order to support the activities of the monarchy. Therefore, in order to reduce the taxpayers' burden, Farland dissolved the monarchy and began requiring the former monarchs to pay taxes along with the rest of the people of Farland. Contrary to expectation, the taxpayer burden began to increase substantially in the following years.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the unexpected outcome?


(A) The monarchy had always employed a substantial number of people for each member of the monarchy.

(B) Many former monarchs were able to find employment easily and contributed their tax shares.

(C) The government had been receiving an enormous amount of money from tourists interested in the lives of members of the monarchy.

(D) Many citizens of Farland had looked up to the members of the monarchy and had sought to emulate their behavior.

(E) A significant percentage of Farland's citizens had not minded paying taxes to support the activities of the monarchy.


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Originally posted by MartyMurray on 18 Apr 2018, 07:42.
Last edited by MartyMurray on 10 May 2018, 23:16, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2018, 10:57
MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence, the people of Farland changed their views on the monarchy, citing the very large tax burden imposed on them in order to support the activities of the monarchy. Therefore, in order to reduce the taxpayers' burden, Farland dissolved the monarchy and began requiring the former monarchs to pay taxes along with the rest of the people of Farland. Contrary to expectation, the taxpayer burden began to increase substantially in the following years.


Which of the following, if true, best explains the unexpected outcome?

(A) The monarchy had always employed a substantial number of people for each member of the monarchy.Irrelevant

(B) Many former monarchs were able to find employment easily and contributed their tax shares. Irrelevant

(C) The government had been receiving an enormous amount of money from tourists interested in the lives of

members of the monarchy.
"enormous money". Now "no monarchy no monarchs", so no people are

interested in their lives. Loss of money, and that burdened normal public with taxes.


(D) Many citizens of Farland had looked up to the members of the monarchy and had sought to emulate their behavior. Irrelevant

(E) A significant percentage of Farland's citizens had not minded paying taxes to support the activities of the monarchy. Irrelevant
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 23:14
We need to find an answer which explains the burden of tax when monarch started paying taxes

Choice C
This choice states the earlier source of income for govt which is no longer valid as monarchs no longer exists and now act as common ppl.

This results in stoppage of this source of income which results in more tax burden on ppl

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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 22:53
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Hi MartyMurray

Please correct the question.Remove had from the first line of the Argument.It has mentioned twice.

+1 if this helps!

MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence,

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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 23:00
Adi93 wrote:
Hi MartyMurray

Please correct the question.Remove had from the first line of the Argument.It has mentioned twice.

+1 if this helps!

MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence,


Thank you for noticing. Edited.
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 23:14
Adi93 wrote:
Hi MartyMurray

Please correct the question.Remove had from the first line of the Argument.It has mentioned twice.

+1 if this helps!

MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence,


I believe the first line was correct as originally written. "had had" is the past perfect of "to have".

The point is that having the monarchy preceded the other events described.

Example of "had had" in another context:

We had had reason to believe that the sunken ship would be found, but once we found out about the currents that run through the area, we became much less confident that if would.
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Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 May 2018, 23:29
Bunuel wrote:
Adi93 wrote:
Hi MartyMurray

Please correct the question.Remove had from the first line of the Argument.It has mentioned twice.

+1 if this helps!

MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence,


Thank you for noticing. Edited.


The past perfect "had had" was correct as originally written. Changed it back. Can't change the topic name though. Please re-edit the heading to reflect. Don't get me wrong. I appreciate your efforts, and can attribute scoring Q51 in part to your quant material. :-) Just, go back and look at the context, and you'll see that "had had" is necessary there.
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Originally posted by MartyMurray on 10 May 2018, 23:20.
Last edited by MartyMurray on 10 May 2018, 23:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 23:24
Ohk.

I didn't knew about that.Thanks for the info.

MartyMurray wrote:
Adi93 wrote:
Hi MartyMurray

Please correct the question.Remove had from the first line of the Argument.It has mentioned twice.

+1 if this helps!

MartyMurray wrote:
Although the country of Farland had had a monarchy from the inception of the country's existence,


I believe the first line was correct as originally written. "had had" is the past perfect of "to have".

The point is that having the monarchy preceded the other events described.

Example of "had had" in another context:

We had had reason to believe that the sunken ship would be found, but once we found out about the currents that run through the area, we became much less confident that if would.

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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 23:39
1
Adi93 wrote:
Ohk.

I didn't knew about that.Thanks for the info.

MartyMurray wrote:

I believe the first line was correct as originally written. "had had" is the past perfect of "to have".

The point is that having the monarchy preceded the other events described.

Example of "had had" in another context:

We had had reason to believe that the sunken ship would be found, but once we found out about the currents that run through the area, we became much less confident that if would.


Sure thing. I remember the day when I was a little kid and my friend's father said "had had" and my friend said something similar to what you said. "Dad you just said 'had had'". Such a clear memory ... the one thing that I remember most clearly from that day, maybe even from that year. LOL
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 02:03
1
Some memories leave distinct marks. :-D

MartyMurray wrote:
Adi93 wrote:
Ohk.

I didn't knew about that.Thanks for the info.

MartyMurray wrote:

I believe the first line was correct as originally written. "had had" is the past perfect of "to have".

The point is that having the monarchy preceded the other events described.

Example of "had had" in another context:

We had had reason to believe that the sunken ship would be found, but once we found out about the currents that run through the area, we became much less confident that if would.


Sure thing. I remember the day when I was a little kid and my friend's father said "had had" and my friend said something similar to what you said. "Dad you just said 'had had'". Such a clear memory ... the one thing that I remember most clearly from that day, maybe even from that year. LOL

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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 10:56
Why is A incorrect?

Quote:
The monarchy had always employed a substantial number of people for each member of the monarchy.


Since a substantial number of people lost their jobs when the monarchy was dissolved, more tax burden was imposed on others who were paying taxes.
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 13:56
Aaduthoma wrote:
Why is A incorrect?

Quote:
The monarchy had always employed a substantial number of people for each member of the monarchy.


Since a substantial number of people lost their jobs when the monarchy was dissolved, more tax burden was imposed on others who were paying taxes.


That's an interesting interpretation of A, but it's not as clear of an explanation as C is.

In C, the government had been receiving an enormous amount of money. Now it's not. We can clearly see how that outcome would result in an increase in the burden on taxpayers.

From A we know that some people lost their jobs, but did they get new jobs? It's a good bet that most, or at least some, of them did.

Further, if money was being spent to support the activities of the monarchy, then it seems possible, or even likely, that people who were working for the monarchy were essentially being paid by taxpayers. So, even if all of those people lost their jobs and both stopped paying taxes and were supported by taxpayers, the resulting net change in the tax burden could be negligible or zero.

Thus C, with its clear implications for government finances, is the winner over A, the effects of which are not clear and could easily be insignificant.
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Re: Although the country of Farland had a monarchy from the inception of &nbs [#permalink] 12 May 2018, 13:56
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