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# Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is

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Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Jul 2016, 03:47
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

29% (01:30) correct 71% (02:18) wrong based on 878 sessions

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Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is about the same in Clarksville and Metroville, there are almost 15% more gun owners in Metroville. The difference in gun ownership is the most logical explanation for the fact that there are 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

The explanation rests on the assumption that

A)Most violent crimes in Metroville is connected to groups of organized criminals that do not operate in Clarksville

B)Fire ammunition is easy to obtain in Clarksville than Metroville

C) Clarksville and Metroville are far apart that crime in one does not affect the other

D)The number of criminals in Metroville are not larger in number than the number in Clarksville.

E) Clarksville does not have significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville.

Originally posted by hsgmat on 30 Oct 2005, 13:03.
Last edited by Vyshak on 25 Jul 2016, 03:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 14:32
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automan exactly my reasoning. If you shoot/stab/injure someone and he doesnt die its not a homicide, its a violent crime. Hence if they have the same amount of violent crime (in proportion to population), one reason why homicide might be higher in one city is because they are for example far away from any good hospitals and more violent crimes end up being homicides. Hope im making sense.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 13:09
Extremely tricky one - close choice between D and E for me.

I will go with E.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 13:15
D.

% decrease (or increase) in homicides only makes sense if number of criminals are same at both cities.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 14:10
I am stuck between C and D.

on the exam day I will probably pick D.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 14:29
2
The argument is the following
There are more guns in M than in C
There rate of violent crimes is the same in C as in M
There are fewer homicides in C that in M

Therefore, there are fewer homicides in C that in M because there fewer guns.

A)Irrelevant.
B)It weaken the conclusion
C) Irrelevant
D)Irrelevant. Other people can have guns.
E) It introduces evidence that, if false, would weaken the conclusion. Since we are talking about homicides, the number of dead people by gun shot matters.

E should be. A tricky one.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 20:27
1
xennie wrote:
automan exactly my reasoning. If you shoot/stab/injure someone and he doesnt die its not a homicide, its a violent crime. Hence if they have the same amount of violent crime (in proportion to population), one reason why homicide might be higher in one city is because they are for example far away from any good hospitals and more violent crimes end up being homicides. Hope im making sense.

Perfect explanation.

However, would you please explain why (C) is irrevalent?

This is my reasoning.

- If criminals (criminals who have guns) can easily move between C and M, the fact that there are more guns in M than in C serves no purpose.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 23:00
1
Very Tricky but I vote for 'C'.
What is the OA?
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 23:19
Tricky indeed. But in the light of homicide definition. E might be more logical answer.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 00:04
Thanks for the explanation xennie and automan !

OA is E
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 07:52
Great question. Another reason why I need to slow down while reading these. I mistook violent crime to equate to homocide.

Should be E based on explanations given above.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2014, 23:39
Yes , E should be the answer. Please let's discuss more on this.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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09 May 2016, 22:02
hsgmat wrote:
Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is about the same in Clarksville and Metroville, there are almost 15% more gun owners in Metroville. The difference in gun ownership is the most logical explanation for the fact that there are 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

The explanation rests on the assumption that

A)Most violent crimes in Metroville is connected to groups of organized criminals that do not operate in Clarksville

B)Fire ammunition is easy to obtain in Clarksville than Metroville

C) Clarksville and Metroville are far apart that crime in one does not affect the other

D)The number of criminals in Metroville are not larger in number than the number in Clarksville.

E) Clarksville does not have significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville.

Can someone explain this :
I got 'D' but OE is 'E'..Pls advise how E is correct ans
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2016, 04:01
2
1
smartguy595 wrote:
hsgmat wrote:
Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is about the same in Clarksville and Metroville, there are almost 15% more gun owners in Metroville. The difference in gun ownership is the most logical explanation for the fact that there are 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

The explanation rests on the assumption that

A)Most violent crimes in Metroville is connected to groups of organized criminals that do not operate in Clarksville

B)Fire ammunition is easy to obtain in Clarksville than Metroville

C) Clarksville and Metroville are far apart that crime in one does not affect the other

D)The number of criminals in Metroville are not larger in number than the number in Clarksville.

E) Clarksville does not have significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville.

Can someone explain this :
I got 'D' but OE is 'E'..Pls advise how E is correct ans

Premise: There are 15% more gun owners in Metroville.
Conclusion: Difference in gun ownership has resulted in 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

D. Number of criminals in Metroville <= Number of criminals in Clarksville. But we already know that there are 15% more gun owners in Metroville. The number of criminals is irrelevant to the argument. Fewer criminals may commit more crime since more criminals have gun ownership in Metroville.

E. Clarksville does not have significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville. - Correct.
Negate E: Clarksville has significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville. --> Medical services are responsible for fewer homicides and not gun ownership --> Provides an alternate reason to negate the conclusion.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 04:30
took D, but conclusion is about difference in homicide. So, E is better
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Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 17:23
guns are immediately causing the death and because of more gun in M town more death compare to C town, author concludes that.
we need to defend it from any weakner, it is the cause vs effect argument
we need to find that there is no other cause for the low homicide ( death ) in town C -such as better hospital for emergency services in case of serious crime
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 07:02
These are very ahrd questions. No wonder, my accuracy in CR questions is ~25%
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Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2016, 12:55
2
hsgmat wrote:
Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is about the same in Clarksville and Metroville, there are almost 15% more gun owners in Metroville. The difference in gun ownership is the most logical explanation for the fact that there are 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

The explanation rests on the assumption that

Conclusion: The difference in gun ownership is the reason for 23% fewer homicides in Clarksville than Metroville.

A)Most violent crimes in Metroville is connected to groups of organized criminals that do not operate in Clarksville
This statement says that criminals in Metroville do not operate in Clarksville. So? This doesn't bridge the gap.

B)Fire ammunition is easy to obtain in Clarksville than Metroville
Out of Scope.

C) Clarksville and Metroville are far apart that crime in one does not affect the other
Negation doesn't help. - Fail.

D)The number of criminals in Metroville are not larger in number than the number in Clarksville.
We are concerned about the number of Crimes and not the Criminals. Therefore, this option is going pout of Scope.

E) Clarksville does not have significantly better emergency medical services than Metroville.
A Better Emergency Medical Service aptly provides an alternate explanation for the difference in the Number of Homicides and negating it helps to consolidate the conclusion.
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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2017, 09:23
Most tricky one .

IMO its E

Note : Here know that Homicide victims can be survived using immediate medical access .
hence, E is removing alternate cause - > hence it is the assumption .
Even i was confused I checked through net about homicide survivors , articles were cool. These articles stated how people survived and fought in court of law for justice.

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Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 14:54
cross out B and C
A,D,E are common pattern. Nevertheless, A is true in strengthen / weaken questions that contain causal relationships, or comparisons.
D is not the winner b/c no need to differentiate between numbers and percentages.
Re: Although the ratio of violent crime to total population is &nbs [#permalink] 22 Sep 2017, 14:54

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