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Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability

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Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 02:10
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Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability to support a large brain with a small gut, which requires getting more calories from less food. It was likely the development of cooking that made this possible. After all, our ancestors developed large brains around the time that they began to control fire. And even today, people who choose to eat only raw food have difficulty getting enough calories.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the anthropologist's argument?


A. Cooked foods contain the same number of calories as raw foods.

B. Raw meat contains more calories than a similar quantity of raw vegetables.

C. The human body is able to extract a similar number of calories from cooked food and raw food.

D. The human body uses more calories to process raw food than it uses to process cooked food.

E. Domesticated plants and animals are richer in calories than their wild counterparts are.


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Re: Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 05:32
AshutoshB wrote:
Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability to support a large brain with a small gut, which requires getting more calories from less food. It was likely the development of cooking that made this possible. After all, our ancestors developed large brains around the time that they began to control fire. And even today, people who choose to eat only raw food have difficulty getting enough calories.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the anthropologist's argument?
A. Cooked foods contain the same number of calories as raw foods. - Not strengthen
B. Raw meat contains more calories than a similar quantity of raw vegetables. - Weakens
C. The human body is able to extract a similar number of calories from cooked food and raw food. - Not strengthen
D. The human body uses more calories to process raw food than it uses to process cooked food. - Strengthen
E. Domesticated plants and animals are richer in calories than their wild counterparts are. - Irrelevant
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Conclusion - It was likely the development of cooking that made this possible.
Premise - One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability to support a large brain with a small gut, which requires getting more calories from less food. After all, our ancestors developed large brains around the time that they began to control fire. And even today, people who choose to eat only raw food have difficulty getting enough calories.

Pre-thinking - We must find the option which indicates advantage of cooking over eating raw food.
Option D is the most appropriate.
Answer D.
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Re: Anthropologist: One of the distinctive traits of humans is the ability   [#permalink] 19 Aug 2018, 05:32
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