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# Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are betwe

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1683
Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are betwe  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2018, 04:44
1
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (01:50) correct 24% (02:14) wrong based on 101 sessions

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Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are between 3-5 years of age, and approximately 7 million men are the sole income earners for their families. These figures indicate that there are comparatively few income-earning men who have children belonging to the age group of 3-5 but are not the sole income earners for their families.

A major flaw in the reasoning is that it

(A) Ignores the possibility, that families with children belonging to the age group of 3-5 might also have older children.

(B) Fails to indicate whether the difference between the two figures cited will tend to remain stable over time.

(C) Relies in figures that are too imprecise to support the conclusion drawn.

(D) Overlooks the possibility that there is little or no overlap between the two populations of men cited.

(E) Provides no information on families in which women are the sole income earners.

source - CrackVerbal

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examPAL Representative
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
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Re: Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are betwe  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2018, 05:53

This question can be solve using the

Logical

approach, since identifying a flaw is a matter of understanding the reasoning:
the argument seems to assume that of the 8 million income-earning men with children 3-5, 7 million are the sole income earners, meaning only million aren't. but take a look at the text again: nowhere does it say that the groups are overlapping! It's possible that there are 8 millions income-earning men with children 3-5, 7 million men who are the sole income earners - and another 100 incomer earning million men that have children 3-5 and are not the sole earners! The answer is D.
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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1683
Re: Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are betwe  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2018, 06:00

Official Explanation:

The argument here talks about 8 million and 7 million people, but it doesn’t realize that the 7 million is NOT a subset of the 8 million. Therefore the claim that this difference is “comparatively few” is wrong. Option D, therefore, is correct.

(A)This doesn’t talk about the subset aspect.
(B) The number doesn’t have to remain stable.
(C) The number is not imprecise.
(D) This option points out the flaw mentioned above.
(E) We don’t need information about women being the sole income earners.
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Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

Re: Approximately 8 million income-earning men have children who are betwe   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2018, 06:00
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