GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 26 May 2020, 10:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Dec 2016
Posts: 217
Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Feb 2020, 22:12
If it were true that robbers came to the temple and looted structures that were pointed to other constellations (other than the fox constellation) ... Would that not break the arguement ?

I think it would as it would prove that the temple is not the representation of the fox

Reason I think of this scenario is because this is what goes through my head when I negate c and if true, would negated C break the arguement

Posted from my mobile device
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10450
Location: Pune, India
Re: Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Feb 2020, 19:43
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
If it were true that robbers came to the temple and looted structures that were pointed to other constellations (other than the fox constellation) ... Would that not break the arguement ?

I think it would as it would prove that the temple is not the representation of the fox

Reason I think of this scenario is because this is what goes through my head when I negate c and if true, would negated C break the arguement

Posted from my mobile device


I answered your question here:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/archaeologis ... l#p2453125
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
V
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3420
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Feb 2020, 11:30
1
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

Conclusion : Andeans may have built the temple as a religious representation of the fox.
Premise : Structures (within the Temple) align with the position of the fox constellation during the summer solstice

One way i thought to destroy the argument was to confirm -- if the temple was used for any other purpose (other than representing the fox constellation) ? -- Were there other objects / structures pointing towards other constellations ?

Because if there were other structures pointing towards other constellations or other stars as well -- then the conclusion breaks as the conclusion is all about declaring the temple as a representation of the "Fox" only

Enter option C...if negated

-- If the temple was not protected by robbers -- and items have been looted -- then the looters may taken objects of relevance / may have taken objects that align with other constellations other than the fox

Hence i thought -- this destroyed the argument

Thoughts ?

Take another look at (C):
Quote:
(C) The temple was protected from looters by dirt and debris built up over thousands of years.

(C) specifies exactly how the temple was protected from looters -- by a buildup of dirt and debris. Does that HAVE to be true in order for the argument to be valid?

Not necessarily -- maybe the temple was protected in some other way (snake pits? pressure-triggered booby traps? massive rolling boulders?). Because the argument doesn't depend the temple being protected specifically by dirt and debris, we can't say that the argument is based on the information in (C).


I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | YouTube | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 01 Apr 2020
Posts: 29
Re: Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2020, 10:35

Passage Analysis


• Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a buried 4,000-year-old temple
    o An ancient temple is recently unearthed from the Andes Mountains by archaeologists.
    o The temple is estimated to be 4000-year-old.

•containing structures that align with a stone carving on a distant hill to indicate the direction of the rising sun at the summer solstice.
    o The unearthed temple consists of a number of structures which are geometrically in line with a stone carving on a hill far away.
    o This alignment represents the direction where the sun rises on the day of summer solstice.

• Alignments in the temple were also found to point toward the position, at the summer solstice, of a constellation known in Andean culture as the Fox.
    o The alignments in the temple were observed to lead to a point in the sky.
    o This point is where a constellation known as the Fox in Andean culture is placed at summer solstice.

• Since the local mythology represents the fox as teaching people how to cultivate and irrigate plants,
    o A cause and effect are presented. Local mythology says the fox taught people agriculture.

• the ancient Andeans may have built the temple as a religious representation of the fox.
    o Therefore, it is possible that the Andeans 4000 years ago built this temple to manifest the fox religiously.

Conclusion: The ancient Andeans may have built the temple as a religious representation of the fox.

Question Stem Analysis
This question asks us to identify the assumption on which the argument is made.
Pre-thinking


Falsification Question
In what scenario is it possible that the ancient Andeans may not have built the temple as a religious representation of the fox?
Given that
    • The temple is 4000 years old.
    • It contains structures that align with a stone carving on a distant hill to indicate the direction of the rising sun at the summer solstice.
    • Alignments in the temple pointed toward the position of a constellation known in Andean culture as the Fox, at the summer solstice.
    • The local mythology represents the fox as teaching people how to cultivate and irrigate plants.

Thought Process
The author talks about an ancient temple which is excavated from the Andean mountains, and the structural alignments that links the temple with the summer solstice and the constellation called the fox in the Andean culture. The author thinks that since the fox is said to have taught humans to cultivate and irrigate plants in the local mythology, the temple possibly is meant to religiously represent the fox. This conclusion is dependent on the existence of three factors 4000 years ago-the position of the constellation in alignment with the temple, the constellation’s cultural association with the fox, and the relevance of the fox in local mythology.

Falsification condition#1
What if the constellation has changed its position in the sky over 4000 years? In other words, what if the Fox constellation was not in alignment to the temple 4000 years ago? In that case the facts hold, but the conclusion breaks down.
Assumption#1
The Fox constellation was in alignment with the temple 4000 years ago.

Falsification condition#2
What if the ancient Andean people who lived 4000 years ago did not link the constellation to the fox? Here also the facts remain intact, but the conclusion cannot hold.
Assumption#2
The link between the constellation in alignment with the temple and the fox was present in Andean culture 4000 years ago.

Falsification condition #3
Imagine the fox did not have any divine associations in the Andean culture 4000 years ago. Then there is no point in connecting the temple with the fox. This will break down the conclusion.
Assumption#3
The fox had divine associations, which may or may not be associated with agriculture, in the Andean culture 4000 years ago.

Answer Choice Analysis


(A) The constellation known as the Fox has the same position at the summer solstice as it did 4,000 years ago.
CORRECT
This statement is in line with our assumption 1 and therefore the right answer.

(B) In the region around the temple, the summer solstice marks the time for planting.
INCORRECT
This statement need not be true for the argument to hold. Hence this cannot be the correct answer.

(C) The temple was protected from looters by dirt and debris built up over thousands of years.
INCORRECT
This is completely out of the context of the argument. Hence, this cannot be the correct answer.

(D) Other structural alignments at the temple point to further constellations with agricultural significance.
INCORRECT
This additional information does not support the conclusion. Therefore, it cannot be the correct choice.

(E) The site containing the temple was occupied for a significant amount of time before abandonment.
INCORRECT
This piece of additional information is not necessary for the conclusion to be right. Therefore, this cannot be the correct answer.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2020, 10:35

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 24 posts ] 

Archaeologists working in the Andes Mountains recently excavated a bur

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne