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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.


(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely

(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere

(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely

(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely

(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


GMAT Paper Test (Test Code 25), 1995

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 7
Page: 7


https://www.nytimes.com/1991/07/09/science/biologists-seek-the-words-in-dna-s-unbroken-text.html

Most astonishing to researchers has been the awareness that only a tiny fraction of DNA seems to be devoted to telling the cell how to survive and reproduce. Scientists believe that all the information inscribing the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere 3 percent of the cell's DNA.

Originally posted by helpmeongmat on 09 Aug 2007, 20:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Dec 2018, 04:14, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2012, 09:55
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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


There is a subtle 3:2 split between ‘are’ and ‘is.’ (A), (B), and (C) have ‘are’ near the word human cell, and (D) and (E) have ‘is.’

If we look for the subject of this verb, we can trace it all the way back to ‘all of the information.’ ‘All’ is one of those indefinite pronouns in which the number of the subject is determined by the subject that comes after the preposition ‘all.’

Here that subject is ‘information’ which is singular. Therefore, we can eliminate the ‘are’ answer choices (A), (B) and (C).

Next, notice ‘the’ next to the numbers (which according to this thread most have ☺). The use of ‘the’ slightly changes the meaning.

The phrase ’50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes’ implies that this range is not the total number of genes in a human cell. From the meaning of the sentence, it needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell. Therefore, we need ‘the,’ and the answer is (E).
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2007, 21:09
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financeguy wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect


That's a good one. Can someone highlight the mere / merely concept in detail?


mere is an adjective that modifies a noun: here we have mere three percent
merely is an adverb so a verb should follow: ex. merely asking
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2007, 20:56
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helpmeongmat wrote:
123. As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2007, 21:04
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goalsnr wrote:
E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect


That's a good one. Can someone highlight the mere / merely concept in detail?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2011, 06:49
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The usage of the definite article ‘the’ is one key to the right answer. The text means to say that the each human cell contains in all some 50,000 to 100,000 genes. (That is all, no more). This entirety is brought out by the use of the definite article. Choices which do not use ‘the’ mean that only
50,000 to 100,000 thousand genes of possibly a higher number than that are contained in a cell.
This critical difference leaves us only with choices C and E.
Information is a singular noun and therefore ‘is contained’ is the suitable verb. E is the choice.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 03:11
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E for me...
A, B, C are incorrect because information is singular.. For this reason use of 'is' is recommended....
D is out because 'merely' is an adverb modifying a noun...
E correctly uses 'mere' .i.e. an adjective for the noun....

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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2011, 20:28
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My pick is E.
A, B, C are ruled out because they are plural.
D is wrong because, 'merely' is an adverb as given above; mere is preferred. I think there would be a good reason for "The"...though it make sense as it is in E..I am not sure how to explain. ;)
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2012, 23:01
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Grammatical difference between them - Merely is adverb (used to modify verbs only) whereas Mere is adjective (used to modify nouns or noun phrases).
Merely: Last night he merely shared his opinion. (Modifies verb "shared")
Mere: Last night he shared his opinion in mere two lines. (modifies noun "Two words")

In this SC problem, the use of "merely" is improper as it is trying to modify the noun phrase "three percent of the cell’s DNA". Use of "mere" is more appropriate here.

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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2013, 23:34
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Responding to a PM:

In my experience I've never found a SC based entirely on "the" and on its usage. I guess you eliminated A B C because of "are", and now you are left with D and E.

A difference between those two is "merely" vs "mere", and since this modifier is refered to a noun, an adj is necessary (and not an adverb).
And we should base our decision on this fact.

"The" in this case however gives us a different meaning of the sentence: "the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes" tells us that there are 50-100,000 genes in the cells => it's good info, it adds value to the discovery.
But again, I would NOT base my decision only on the precence of "the".
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2013, 00:09
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helpmeongmat wrote:
123. As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


IMO, E
Here my 2 cents.
"All of the information" is singular, so A, B, C are out because of "are".
Between D and E. D is wrong because "information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of X" is not as good as "information encoded in the 50,000 to 100,000 X". In addition, the use of "the" is correct.
E is correct.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2015, 23:36
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely

(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere

(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely

(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely

(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2015, 22:45
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helpmeongmat wrote:
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


1) All the information - Use of determiner - Information here is treated as single entity - so singular. So A,B,C are out.
2) three percent is a noun, so it needs an adjective, not an adverb. So D is out.
3) Answer = E.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 04:01
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere - CORRECT

Is my analysis right...?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 01:33
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HMC wrote:
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere - CORRECT

Is my analysis right...?


It would be faster to eliminate on the basis of splits, and splits can always be found at the beginning and at the end of the underlined part. If we get a 3:2 split ( as in the case above), we may get to the answer fast.

In the example above, the splits that can be observed immediately are as follows:

beginning of the underlined part: no "the" (A,B, D), "the" (C,E)... 2:3 split.Once we recognise that "the" is required (since a definite set of genes are referred to), then we can eliminate A,B and D and examine just C and E.

end of the underlined part: "merely" (A,C,D) and "mere" (B, E).. again 2:3 split. Once we recognise that an adjectve, not an adverb, is required, we can eliminate A,C and D and examine just B and E.

We see above that E is the only possible right answer.

Sometimes it would be possible to answer even without reading the main sentence or the answer choices at all (as in this case), although not reading the question at all is not recommended.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 22:16
helpmeongmat wrote:
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.


(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely

(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere

(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely

(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely

(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


GMAT Paper Test (Test Code 25), 1995

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 7
Page: 7


https://www.nytimes.com/1991/07/09/science/biologists-seek-the-words-in-dna-s-unbroken-text.html

Most astonishing to researchers has been the awareness that only a tiny fraction of DNA seems to be devoted to telling the cell how to survive and reproduce. Scientists believe that all the information inscribing the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere 3 percent of the cell's DNA.


The "50,000 to 100,000" are unique (among the supposedly many more) genes and thus, "the 50,000..." is the correct usage. This boils it down to C and E.
"Three percent..." is a noun and hence, an adjective (not an adverb) is needed for modifying it. Thus, C is incorrect because of "merely".
E.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many &nbs [#permalink] 24 Dec 2018, 22:16
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