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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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GMAT Paper Test (Test Code 25), 1995

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 7
Page: 7

As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely

(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere

(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely

(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely

(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 11 Feb 2018, 15:41, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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helpmeongmat wrote:
123. As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.
(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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goalsnr wrote:
E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect


That's a good one. Can someone highlight the mere / merely concept in detail?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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financeguy wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
E
"Information"is singular and hence "is" is required ->A,B,C are out.
"merely" in D is incoorect


That's a good one. Can someone highlight the mere / merely concept in detail?


mere is an adjective that modifies a noun: here we have mere three percent
merely is an adverb so a verb should follow: ex. merely asking
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2007, 11:20
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that (all of the information encoded in the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell) is contained in a mere three percent of the cell’s DNA.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2010, 16:18
E - because "the information" is singular.
What is the OA?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2011, 05:10
"information encoded in .... different genes" - is the correct expression and not "information encoded in ... of different genes"

Therefore now we can shortlist Option C and E
Also, information is the singular subject therefore, "found in a human cell is contained" will be the correct subject verb agreement
thus, answer is "E"
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2011, 06:49
The usage of the definite article ‘the’ is one key to the right answer. The text means to say that the each human cell contains in all some 50,000 to 100,000 genes. (That is all, no more). This entirety is brought out by the use of the definite article. Choices which do not use ‘the’ mean that only
50,000 to 100,000 thousand genes of possibly a higher number than that are contained in a cell.
This critical difference leaves us only with choices C and E.
Information is a singular noun and therefore ‘is contained’ is the suitable verb. E is the choice.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 10:59
I will go with E too as it is singular.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 03:11
E for me...
A, B, C are incorrect because information is singular.. For this reason use of 'is' is recommended....
D is out because 'merely' is an adverb modifying a noun...
E correctly uses 'mere' .i.e. an adjective for the noun....

:)
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 23:01
IMO (D) - Merely correctly modifier "three percent"

Option E - Mere is modifying "Cell's DNA"
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2011, 20:04
A couple of questions. (forgive me if the questions are very amateur :) )

Is "cell's" a correct usage? Apostrophe for 'cell'?
And what is the difference between '50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes' & 'the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found ' ?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2011, 20:28
My pick is E.
A, B, C are ruled out because they are plural.
D is wrong because, 'merely' is an adverb as given above; mere is preferred. I think there would be a good reason for "The"...though it make sense as it is in E..I am not sure how to explain. ;)
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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mere is correct. Between B and E. E is the correct answer
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2011, 06:57
+1 E

"three percent" is a noun, so "mere" is correct, not "merely"
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

The official answer is provided.

Could someone explain the use of "the" before the number?

Thanks in advance.

Last edited by reto on 28 Aug 2015, 10:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2012, 00:21
andrewh wrote:
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

The official answer is provided.

Could someone explain the use of "the" before the number?

Thanks in advance.


you need "is" hence D and E remains.

D changes the meaning. Sentence intends to say "information contained in xyz genes" not "information contained in xyx of genes"--> particularly the latter one leaves xyz unsupported and ambiguous.

Use of "the" specifies the particular xyz different genes.

E is correct.

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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2012, 06:32
I agree with E, not sure if including 'the' or not including 'the' makes it correct or not. How does it change the sentence? I dont see it myself. Thanks!
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere


There is a subtle 3:2 split between ‘are’ and ‘is.’ (A), (B), and (C) have ‘are’ near the word human cell, and (D) and (E) have ‘is.’

If we look for the subject of this verb, we can trace it all the way back to ‘all of the information.’ ‘All’ is one of those indefinite pronouns in which the number of the subject is determined by the subject that comes after the preposition ‘all.’

Here that subject is ‘information’ which is singular. Therefore, we can eliminate the ‘are’ answer choices (A), (B) and (C).

Next, notice ‘the’ next to the numbers (which according to this thread most have ☺). The use of ‘the’ slightly changes the meaning.

The phrase ’50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes’ implies that this range is not the total number of genes in a human cell. From the meaning of the sentence, it needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell. Therefore, we need ‘the,’ and the answer is (E).
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2012, 10:20
Although i got the answer using 2 other ways, i am not able to understand below statement which Chris made above
Quote:
From the meaning of the sentence, it needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell.
Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2012, 10:20

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