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# Because of the enormous research and development

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Intern
Joined: 05 Sep 2006
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Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2006, 03:13
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Question Stats:

80% (01:22) correct 20% (00:22) wrong based on 20 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firmsâ€™ survival
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Manager
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08 Sep 2006, 03:44
1. Somebody/something is required to do somthing
2. Somethin is required of somebody/something to do something..

This is my theory...so should be B
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Re: SC: required to / of/ for [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2006, 03:47
1
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quasars wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firmsâ€™ survival

"Such firms" need a mention of "firms" in the sentence. Only B has that.
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08 Sep 2006, 16:13
Let's deconstruct the sentence :

1. "Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry" (an adverbial clause)

2. "an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand"(appositive for electronics industry)

3. "such (a modifier/qualifier for "firms", the subject of the sentence) firms tend to be very large".

Does the subject - "such firms" - refer to any firms mentioned before ? No, so we need to include that.

(B) is the answer.
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08 Sep 2006, 20:21
Thats a wonderful analysis
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The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short;
the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

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Re: SC: required to / of/ for [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2006, 21:02
ps_dahiya wrote:
ak_idc wrote:
"Such firms" need a mention of "firms" in the sentence. Only B has that.

Thats the only reason. This must be B.

OK, but what if 'such' is not used, then what will be the correct answer?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 13:53
A – last part of the sentence refers to a firms. We need to find a sentence where “firms” is clearly stated. Eliminate
B – Keep
C – No reference to firms. Eliminate
D – same as C
E – "firms' survival" is possesive and "such firms" can't refer back to it.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2015, 13:41
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2016, 21:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Because of the enormous research and development   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2016, 21:57
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# Because of the enormous research and development

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