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Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect

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Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Mar 2019, 03:38
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68% (02:01) correct 32% (02:19) wrong based on 333 sessions

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Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect. One in 2,500 former Graynold car owners suffered injury or property damage during the years Graynolds were sold with that particular defect. Attorneys representing former Graynold automobile owners filed a lawsuit against Graynold, claiming that Graynold must have known about the defect, and that Graynold should be liable for the injuries and property damage before the defect was announced.

The answer to each of the following questions would be helpful in evaluating the attorneys’ claim EXCEPT:


A) What is the typical rate of injury or property damage among owners of cars other than Graynolds?

B) What was the rate of injury or property damage among owners of Graynolds before this particular defect?

C) Have the defective Graynold automobiles negatively impacted the network of independent auto mechanics that specialize in repairing Graynolds?

D)Can normal automobile wear and tear cause the same general outcome as that associated with the defect?

E) What fraction of the injuries and property damage is associated with the particular defect in question?

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 22 Apr 2016, 10:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Mar 2019, 03:38, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 00:20
Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect.
One in 2,500 former Graynold car owners suffered injury or property damage during the years Graynolds were sold with that particular defect.
Attorneys representing former Graynold automobile owners filed a lawsuit against Graynold, claiming
that Graynold must have known about the defect, and
that Graynold should be liable for the injuries and property damage before the defect was announced.

The answer to each of the following questions would be helpful in evaluating the attorneys’ claim EXCEPT:

A) What is the typical rate of injury or property damage among owners of cars other than Graynolds?............if there is any damage due to external factors such as weather conditions or calamities, that helps to know the cause behind the damage.

B) What was the rate of injury or property damage among owners of Graynolds before this particular defect?.............if the rate of injury among owners of Graynolds before this defect is known then we can estimate damage due to this defective product alone by removing original damage for consideration.

C) Have the defective Graynold automobiles negatively impacted the network of independent auto mechanics that specialize in repairing Graynolds?...............defects can increase repairs thereby benefiting them and even if not this is help us verify car owners claim

D)Can normal automobile wear and tear cause the same general outcome as that associated with the defect?............if yes then no special damage occurred because of defect. If no car owners claim seems to justify.

E) What fraction of the injuries and property damage is associated with the particular defect in question? This can help us to understand the problem.

Biggest aspect to be considered................this is an EXCEPT question
We have 4 heros 1 villain............................we like baddie Damon Salvatore here. :)
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Re: Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 09:20
EMPOWERgmat Official Explanation
Type: Evaluate EXCEPT
Boil It Down: Defect, Sales down
Missing Information: No other factors
Goal: Since this is an Evaluate EXCEPT question, we’re looking for the one option that would NOT help us evaluate the attorneys’ claim.
Analysis: The attorneys are trying to make the case that the defect caused the subsequent drop in sales. However, here’s the biggest problem of all: how do we know that this defect was even directly connected with these injuries and this property damage? From this prompt, no. For that matter, how do we know that there weren’t any other factors? Or perhaps, that volume of damage or injury is actually normal, or even potentially less than normal.

(A) What is the typical rate of injury or property damage among owners of cars other than Graynolds?
This question would be useful to ask since it would help us determine if this particular rate of injury or property damage were unusual relative to cars in general. If the rates were on par, then it could be challenging to make the case that anything exceptional occurred during those years. Conversely, if the rate of incidents were higher for Graynolds, then that could help support the notion that Graynold is liable. What should we do with this option? Remember that the question is essentially asking us to find the option that is NOT helpful to investigate. Since this option is helpful to evaluate the attorneys’ claim, we can get rid of it.

(B) What was the rate of injury or property damage among owners of Graynolds before this particular defect?
This option raises another helpful question to evaluate the attorneys’ claim that Graynold could be liable. If it turned out that the rate of injury prior to these defects were lower, then that could point to fault. However, if it weren’t that could make it more challenging to affirm the attorneys’ claim. Since this option is helpful to explore as well, we can get rid of it too.

(C) Have the defective Graynold automobiles negatively impacted the network of independent auto mechanics that specialize in repairing Graynolds?
This option raises the issue of how independent auto mechanics were impacted by the defects. How on earth would that help us evaluate the claim the Graynold is liable for these injuries or defects? This option raises a consideration entirely useless to us, and therefore this is the RIGHT option since this option is the exception. It is not helpful to evaluate.

(D) Can normal automobile wear and tear cause the same general outcome as that associated with the defect?
This option is essentially option A rephrased. This option helps us establish a baseline of comparison to see whether nature of the injuries and damage during those defective years really was exceptional. If it were, then the attorneys would have a stronger case. If not, then the force of the case could be weakened. Since this option is also helpful for us to evaluate the attorneys’ claim, we can get rid of it too.

(E) What fraction of the injuries and property damage is associated with the particular defect in question?
This is really the most important question to ask of all: point blank, was this defect directly responsible for these injuries and property damage? If no, then the case is ridiculous. If yes, then the case is dramatically strengthened. Since this option is very useful to ask, it’s definitely gone.

A, B, D, and E are all useful to ask. Only C is the exception, and therefore our correct option.

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Re: Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2019, 03:38
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Re: Between 1997 and 2005, Graynold Motors sold cars with a certain defect   [#permalink] 04 Mar 2019, 03:38
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