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# Both weakened by concern about the governments agreement

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Director
Joined: 10 Feb 2006
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Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 19:06
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88% (01:23) correct 13% (01:38) wrong based on 404 sessions

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Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the International Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced the central bank to intervene for the fourth time in a week.

a. Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the International Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced
b. Both concern about the government’s agreement with the International monetary fund and the growing fears of a rise in inflation weakened the country’s currency, continuing its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced
c. Both because it was weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the International monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country's currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing
d. The country’s currency, weakened both by concern about the government’s agreement with the International monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing
e. The country’s currency, weakened by both concern about the government’s agreement with the International monetary fund and growing fears of a raise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced.

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Originally posted by alimad on 20 Oct 2007, 11:36.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 30 Nov 2017, 19:06, edited 3 times in total.
formatted
Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2007
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20 Oct 2007, 13:50
1
I choose for D too.

When it comes to these long sentences with lots of modifiers in between. I generally like to restructure the main subject to the beginning of the sentence (if the option is available). Therefore A, B and C are out.

E is out because it seems to refer to "dollar", this is wrong since the modifying clause should refer to "the slide"
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 135

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20 Oct 2007, 14:59
Straight D

A,B,E incorrect...which incorrectly modifies dollar

C clarity issue

D. corrects it all!
Director
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
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21 Oct 2007, 04:31
Fistail wrote:
Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced the central bank to intervene for the fourth time in a week.

a. same
b. Both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and the growing fears of a rise in inflation weakened the country’s currency, continuing its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced

c. Both because it was weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the countr’y currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

d. The country’s currency, weakened both by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

e. The country’s currency, weakened by both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and growing fears of a raise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced.

D. the most concise and properly modifide one.

Will go for 'E' .

'D' - continued.....forcing - tense mismatch. Also 'by' should follow 'weakened' (verb) and not 'both' (pronoun) - which represents the concerns
Manager
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21 Oct 2007, 05:04
Beyond700 wrote:
Fistail wrote:
Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced the central bank to intervene for the fourth time in a week.

a. same
b. Both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and the growing fears of a rise in inflation weakened the country’s currency, continuing its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced

c. Both because it was weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the countr’y currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

d. The country’s currency, weakened both by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

e. The country’s currency, weakened by both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and growing fears of a raise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced.

D. the most concise and properly modifide one.

Will go for 'E' .

'D' - continued.....forcing - tense mismatch. Also 'by' should follow 'weakened' (verb) and not 'both' (pronoun) - which represents the concerns

Fistail ,

Can you tell without ambiguity and with certainty what the pronoun "which" in answer choice E refers to ?

Does it refer to "its" (when "its" seems to be referring to the dollar)
OR
Does it refer to the "slide" ? (slide in this case is a noun)

Explanation of why slide is a noun:
Its like saying "The run felt good"
In which case run is a name given to the action and not the action itself, hence its a noun. Similar concept applies to slide.

IMO its not clear what the pronoun "which" in choice E refers to. so I would eliminate E and choose answer D.

Cheers.
Director
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
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21 Oct 2007, 05:28
saviop wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
Fistail wrote:
Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced the central bank to intervene for the fourth time in a week.

a. same
b. Both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and the growing fears of a rise in inflation weakened the country’s currency, continuing its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced

c. Both because it was weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the countr’y currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

d. The country’s currency, weakened both by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing

e. The country’s currency, weakened by both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and growing fears of a raise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced.

D. the most concise and properly modifide one.

Will go for 'E' .

'D' - continued.....forcing - tense mismatch. Also 'by' should follow 'weakened' (verb) and not 'both' (pronoun) - which represents the concerns

Fistail ,

Can you tell without ambiguity and with certainty what the pronoun "which" in answer choice E refers to ?

Does it refer to "its" (when "its" seems to be referring to the dollar)
OR
Does it refer to the "slide" ? (slide in this case is a noun)

Explanation of why slide is a noun:
Its like saying "The run felt good"
In which case run is a name given to the action and not the action itself, hence its a noun. Similar concept applies to slide.

IMO its not clear what the pronoun "which" in choice E refers to. so I would eliminate E and choose answer D.

Cheers.

'Which' need not modify the the immediate noun preceeding it but can modify the whole clause instead.
'Which' and 'that' are specials pronouns that can be used relativley in restricitve and non-restrictive clauses.

As used in the sentence below:
He hung around for hours and, which was worse, kept me from doing my work.

But isn't the usage 'weekend by' better than 'weekened both by'?
Director
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24 Aug 2017, 21:54
Firstly, GMAT prefers the subject to be at the beginning of the Sentence. Therefore you should look for sentence that does exactly that. That leaves us D and E. E is wrong because which at the end of the sentence modifies Dollar.

C uses It, which does not have a clear referent. Also, it completely destroys the parallelism. Ideally moment you spot a list check the answer choices that maintain parallelism, it will help you eliminate the wrong answer choices.

Another mistake people make is that when the idiom used is Both X and Y, sentence should only have 2 items i.e. Both X,Y, and Z is wrong. It’s a trick used my Question framers.

First, using ‘which forced’ in not right here; it should be ‘forcing’. This let us to eliminate A, B, E.
For D and C, watch for || in 'both… and…' construction.

C: ‘both because it was weakened by concern… and by growing fears’ is wrong; it should be ‘‘both because … and because…’
Both because it was X and Y (wrong)
Because it was both X and Y (correct)
So, option C can be eliminated.

D: ‘weakened both by concern… and by growing fears’ – clearly ||, so this is the answer.
the parallel elements are "by concern" and "by fears".
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30 Nov 2017, 19:03
Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the International Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced the central bank to intervene for the fourth time in a week.

a. Both weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the International Monetary Fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country’s currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced - Parallelism issue - Both X and Y -- X and Y should be parallel ; incorrect usage of which
b. Both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and the growing fears of a rise in inflation weakened the country’s currency, continuing its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced - incorrect usage of which
c. Both because it was weakened by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, the country's currency continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing - Both X and Y -- X and Y should be parallel
d. The country’s currency, weakened both by concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and by growing fears of a rise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, forcing - Correct
e. The country’s currency, weakened by both concern about the government’s agreement with the international monetary fund and growing fears of a raise in inflation, continued its slide to a record low against the dollar, which forced. - incorrect usage of which

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Re: Both weakened by concern about the governments agreement &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 19:03
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