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# By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta

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By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 01:41
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:05) correct 50% (01:04) wrong based on 190 sessions

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By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East

(B) only one eastern state

(C) in the East there was only one state

(D) in the East only one state did

(E) only one in the East had

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By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 01:44
1
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - this is vague

(B) only one eastern state

(C) in the East there was only one state

(D) in the East only one state did

(E) only one in the East had -- Addition of had gives a clear picture that " only one is East had developed a railroad system " removes the vague structure in Option A .
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By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 01:51
1
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - no verb.

(B) only one eastern state - no verb.

(C) in the East there was only one state - no verb

(D) in the East only one state did - Did is not parallel to had.

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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 03:01
souvonik2k wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - no verb.

(B) only one eastern state - no verb.

(C) in the East there was only one state - no verb

(D) in the East only one state did - Correct. Did can replace the verb.

(E) only one in the East had- had cannot replace a verb.

Posted from my mobile device
Hey Souvonik,

Regarding option A
Why we can't apply ellipse

TIA

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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 03:06
+1 for E.

(A) only one in the East --> No verb

(B) only one eastern state --> No verb

(C) in the East there was only one state --> Wordy and not concise

(D) in the East only one state did --> Paralell error "A had, B did"

Hence, E.
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 03:30
sumit411 wrote:
souvonik2k wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - no verb.

(B) only one eastern state - no verb.

(C) in the East there was only one state - no verb

(D) in the East only one state did - Correct. Did can replace the verb.

(E) only one in the East had- had cannot replace a verb.

Posted from my mobile device
Hey Souvonik,

Regarding option A
Why we can't apply ellipse

TIA

Thank you = Kudos

Hi sumit411
We can apply ellipses if there is no ambiguity.
Here, if we omit ''had developed railroad system'' its not clear what the ''only one in the East'' does.
So we need a verb after that.
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 03:48
souvonik2k wrote:
sumit411 wrote:
souvonik2k wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - no verb.

(B) only one eastern state - no verb.

(C) in the East there was only one state - no verb

(D) in the East only one state did - Correct. Did can replace the verb.

(E) only one in the East had- had cannot replace a verb.

Posted from my mobile device
Hey Souvonik,

Regarding option A
Why we can't apply ellipse

TIA

Thank you = Kudos

Hi sumit411
We can apply ellipses if there is no ambiguity.
Here, if we omit ''had developed railroad system'' its not clear what the ''only one in the East'' does.
So we need a verb after that.
Sorry for asking you again but I think I am still not very clear with this.

As far as I know, we repeat a verb if their is any ambiguity. If their is only one possible interpration possible, we don't need to repeat the verb.

Eg: I like pizza more than my wife
( 2 possible interpretation--> I like pizza more than my wife likes pizza OR I like pizza more than I like my wife - - - - > both makes sense)

In this case, repeating a verb will make sense to clear up the ambiguity.

Eg2) John cooks better pizza than his wife
( only one interpretation possible that makes sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than his wife cooks---> other interpretation does not make sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than he cooks his wife (Holy ****))

In example 2, we can repeat the verb. That won't be wrong but the sentence is fine without a verb. So ultimately option A and E comes upto style

Is style tested in GMAT?

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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 03:51
souvonik2k wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - no verb.

(B) only one eastern state - no verb.

(C) in the East there was only one state - no verb

(D) in the East only one state did - Correct. Did can replace the verb.

(E) only one in the East had- had cannot replace a verb.

Posted from my mobile device

I got this wrong. 'had' can replace a verb and maintains parallelism here.
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 09:14
Bunuel wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East

(B) only one eastern state

(C) in the East there was only one state

(D) in the East only one state did

(E) only one in the East had (developed)

Concept tested : Parallel Structure

Ans : E
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 19:41
2
2
sumit411 wrote:
Sorry for asking you again but I think I am still not very clear with this.

As far as I know, we repeat a verb if their is any ambiguity. If their is only one possible interpration possible, we don't need to repeat the verb.

Eg: I like pizza more than my wife
( 2 possible interpretation--> I like pizza more than my wife likes pizza OR I like pizza more than I like my wife - - - - > both makes sense)

In this case, repeating a verb will make sense to clear up the ambiguity.

Eg2) John cooks better pizza than his wife
( only one interpretation possible that makes sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than his wife cooks---> other interpretation does not make sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than he cooks his wife (Holy ****))

In example 2, we can repeat the verb. That won't be wrong but the sentence is fine without a verb. So ultimately option A and E comes upto style

Is style tested in GMAT?

Thank you = Kudos

Hi sumit411,

Happy to help

You are correct that there are some cases where we do not have to repeat the verb. However, we can only do that if the meaning is absolutely clear. Looking at choice A:

Quote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

Here, the meaning is not clear -- there are two interpretations, just as in your first example. We don't know what "one" refers to -- is it referring to a state or a railroad system? Without the verb "had", we don't know. So there is a fundamental ambiguity here, which is incorrect on the GMAT -- it's not just a question of style. Once we add "had", then we can see that "one had" is in parallel with "states had developed", clarifying that "one Eastern European state had developed a railroad system".

I hope that helps
-Carolyn
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 21:46
MagooshExpert wrote:
sumit411 wrote:
Sorry for asking you again but I think I am still not very clear with this.

As far as I know, we repeat a verb if their is any ambiguity. If their is only one possible interpration possible, we don't need to repeat the verb.

Eg: I like pizza more than my wife
( 2 possible interpretation--> I like pizza more than my wife likes pizza OR I like pizza more than I like my wife - - - - > both makes sense)

In this case, repeating a verb will make sense to clear up the ambiguity.

Eg2) John cooks better pizza than his wife
( only one interpretation possible that makes sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than his wife cooks---> other interpretation does not make sense - - - > John cooks better pizza than he cooks his wife (Holy ****))

In example 2, we can repeat the verb. That won't be wrong but the sentence is fine without a verb. So ultimately option A and E comes upto style

Is style tested in GMAT?

Thank you = Kudos

Hi sumit411,

Happy to help

You are correct that there are some cases where we do not have to repeat the verb. However, we can only do that if the meaning is absolutely clear. Looking at choice A:

Quote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

Here, the meaning is not clear -- there are two interpretations, just as in your first example. We don't know what "one" refers to -- is it referring to a state or a railroad system? Without the verb "had", we don't know. So there is a fundamental ambiguity here, which is incorrect on the GMAT -- it's not just a question of style. Once we add "had", then we can see that "one had" is in parallel with "states had developed", clarifying that "one Eastern European state had developed a railroad system".

I hope that helps
-Carolyn
Hi Carolyn,

This certainly helps. Spot on as always.

Regards,
Sumit

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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2018, 01:01
Bunuel wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East

(B) only one eastern state

(C) in the East there was only one state

(D) in the East only one state did

(E) only one in the East had

MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

This question has to do with parallel structure. You have to have a continuity of verb tenses and structures. Because you say ‘five x had’, then you have to follow it by saying, ‘but only one y had’. The only two choices that even have a verb in them are D and E. Choice D uses a different verb tense, the simple past. Choice E is the correct answer.
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2018, 10:10
Bunuel wrote:
By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European states had developed a railroad system, but only one in the East.

(A) only one in the East - Verb Missing

(B) only one eastern state - Verb Missing

(C) in the East there was only one state - No parallelism

(D) in the East only one state did - Had is not parallel to did

(E) only one in the East had
Perfect Parallelism - Five of Western European States had.......Only one in the East had
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Re: By the end of the nineteenth century, five of the Western European sta   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2018, 10:10
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