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Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way

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Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2016, 10:56
2
9
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:41) correct 40% (01:40) wrong based on 456 sessions

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Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way to increase the city's tax revenues is to double the tax on rental cars so that non-residents provide the bulk of the additional income. This plan is unethical because it constitutes taxation without representation: we should not excessively tax those who cannot vote on the plan. Moreover, if car rental prices are too high in our city, people may simply rent cars in neighboring cities to avoid the tax surcharge.

The candidate responds to her opponent's plan by ______.


A. Introducing a moral quandary that cannot be resolved without additional data.

B. Arguing for an alternate strategy by which to accomplish the declared objective.

C. Claiming that the opponent's proposal contains inaccurate data.

D. Implying that the plan may result in the opposite of the intended effect.

E. Demonstrating that her opponent's plan would fail to achieve its goal.

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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2016, 19:40
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(I highlighted two passages myself for convenience:)

Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way to increase the city's tax revenues is to double the tax on rental cars so that non-residents provide the bulk of the additional income. This plan is unethical because it constitutes taxation without representation: we should not excessively tax those who cannot vote on the plan. Moreover, if car rental prices are too high in our city, people may simply rent cars in neighboring cities to avoid the tax surcharge.

The candidate responds to her opponent's plan by ______.


A. Introducing a moral quandary that cannot be resolved without additional data.
-- The moral quandary is only one of the two objections she raised.

B. Arguing for an alternate strategy by which to accomplish the declared objective.
-- No. She had two objections, not an alternate strategy.

C. Claiming that the opponent's proposal contains inaccurate data.
-- Irrelevant.

D. Implying that the plan may result in the opposite of the intended effect.
-- That's it. Her two objections both refer to unintended effects (I did highlight above).

E. Demonstrating that her opponent's plan would fail to achieve its goal.
-- It's true the second objection may be a sort of failure, but it says nothing about the first objection.


Answer: D
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 21:30
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I would use elimination method and eliminate E because it is not clearly demonstrating, it is just implying by using word "may".
Hence the only option that stays is D)
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2016, 02:18
samichange wrote:
Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way to increase the city's tax revenues is to double the tax on rental cars so that non-residents provide the bulk of the additional income. This plan is unethical because it constitutes taxation without representation: we should not excessively tax those who cannot vote on the plan. Moreover, if car rental prices are too high in our city, people may simply rent cars in neighboring cities to avoid the tax surcharge.

The candidate responds to her opponent's plan by ______.


A. Introducing a moral quandary that cannot be resolved without additional data.

B. Arguing for an alternate strategy by which to accomplish the declared objective.

C. Claiming that the opponent's proposal contains inaccurate data.

D. Implying that the plan may result in the opposite of the intended effect.

E. Demonstrating that her opponent's plan would fail to achieve its goal.


Candidate Mayor opposes the plan for doubling the tax on rental cars by saying that the people might take cars on rent from other cities.
She implies that if the people start taking cars from other cities, then this would decrease the revenue instead of increasing it.

Option D correctly captures what the Mayor candidate implies.
Correct Option: D
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 06:26
samichange wrote:
Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way to increase the city's tax revenues is to double the tax on rental cars so that non-residents provide the bulk of the additional income. This plan is unethical because it constitutes taxation without representation: we should not excessively tax those who cannot vote on the plan. Moreover, if car rental prices are too high in our city, people may simply rent cars in neighboring cities to avoid the tax surcharge.

The candidate responds to her opponent's plan by ______.


A. Introducing a moral quandary that cannot be resolved without additional data.

B. Arguing for an alternate strategy by which to accomplish the declared objective.

C. Claiming that the opponent's proposal contains inaccurate data.

D. Implying that the plan may result in the opposite of the intended effect.

E. Demonstrating that her opponent's plan would fail to achieve its goal.


Official solution.

We are asked to analyze the candidate's argument: what reasoning does she employ in her response to the opponent's plan?  The opponent proposes a way to increase tax revenues.  The candidate provides two reasons for rejecting the plan: first, the plan is morally wrong, and, second, it may not even work because people may rent cars in other cities instead.  The correct answer must describe one or both of these objections.

(A) The candidate does introduce a moral concern, but does not present it as a quandary that cannot be solved without more data.  In fact, the candidate takes a very specific stand, claiming unequivocally that the plan is morally wrong.

(B) The candidate does not argue for, or even mention, an alternate strategy by which to raise the city's tax revenues.

(C) The candidate does not attack or refute any data used by the opponent; she merely suggests that the opponent's plan might not work as intended.

(D)CORRECT. The candidate suggests, via her second objection, that people might choose to rent cars in neighboring cities to avoid the higher tax.  If this occurred, it could potentially reduce the number of car rentals in the candidate's city, with the result that the city's tax revenues from this source would decrease - the opposite of the opponent's intended goal.

(E) In her second objection, the candidate offers a reason why the plan might not work as intended.  Her objection relies on a conjecture about how people would behave. It does not, therefore, demonstrate (i.e., prove) that the plan would fail.
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 19:39
the key word here is "if...,rent cars in neighboring city" => D is the answer (ones can see D is also an inference)
b/c of "unethical", the plan still can achieves the goal => E is wrong

This is logic-responding question
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 09:03
Imo D
The candidate is reasoning about the opposition pans to increase tax , he is not demonstrating .
He is implying
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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 10:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Candidate for Mayor: My opponent argues that the best way   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2019, 10:07
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