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# Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in

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Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2008, 08:07
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Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.

(A) as old as any of their supposed

(B) older than any of their supposed

(C) as old as their supposed

(D) older than any of their supposedly

(E) as old as their supposedly

sorry to post OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
, but my concern is to understand the difference between B&D. Help.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2008, 08:15
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saravalli wrote:
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly

sorry to post OA: B, but my concern is to understand the difference between B&D. Help.

I think supposed refers to predecessors, whereas supposedly refers to Meditteranean. Therefore, supposed makes sense here as the sentence is speaking more about age rather than heritage/characteristics.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2008, 08:39
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supposedly=adverb--> modifier to a verb, an adverb, a clause, a phrase, a sentence, an adjective
supposed=adjective--> modifier to a noun

As you can see, what comes after "supposed" is a noun and should thus be preceded by an adjective.

However, "supposed" could also be used as a past participle in which case you would have a sentence as follows:
You are supposed to eat what I tell you to eat.
As you can see, "supposed" here plays the role of a past participle (to be + participle). As such, you will have "supposed" in front of a verb (to eat)
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2008, 11:52
B: “Supposed” functions as participle and can function as adjective. Therefore it can modify the “Mediterranean predecessors”

D: “supposedly” functions as adverb and cannot modify the noun/pronoun – in this case “Mediterranean predecessors”

You can find more information at: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verbs.htm#participle
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2008, 11:01
Thanks a bunch!
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2010, 03:51
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B changes the meaning. older than does not include as old as.
Could anybody clarify?
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2010, 12:53
B is correct. supposed (M processors) means that it wasn't sure that they were predecessors. Hence "supposed predecessors". May be monuments in M are not predecessors of those found in Brittany but a branch - who knows? because the carbon dating reveals Brittany's to be older - kinda similar to

child is older than the "supposed father"

noboru wrote:
B changes the meaning. older than does not include as old as.
Could anybody clarify?

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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2010, 13:49
it is between B and D.

before reading the posts I did not understand the difference between 'supposed' and 'supposedly'.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2011, 21:39
Not very clear why B but not C , Any idea
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2011, 03:53
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly

Here one thing seems to be certain that predecessors are Mediterranean, and that why an adjective is used before the noun (Mediterranean).

As per my understanding if we used supposedly it creates some kind of doubt as if we are not sure whether predecessors were Mediterranean or not.

So answer has to be B.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2011, 09:27
agold wrote:
saravalli wrote:
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly

sorry to post OA: B, but my concern is to understand the difference between B&D. Help.

I think supposed refers to predecessors, whereas supposedly refers to Meditteranean. Therefore, supposed makes sense here as the sentence is speaking more about age rather than heritage/characteristics.

Hi friends,
Please explain this explanation.
Thanx.
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Test Description_______Date____Total___Quant_____ Verbal
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2013, 02:33
Can anybody please explain why can't it be "as old as"?
A & B are correct grammatically.
B changes the meaning. Why can't the two monuments be equal in age?
I thought we were asked to go by the original meaning of the sentence. So I chose A. But I am confused now.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 23:29
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pprd123 wrote:
Can anybody please explain why can't it be "as old as"?
A & B are correct grammatically.
B changes the meaning. Why can't the two monuments be equal in age?
I thought we were asked to go by the original meaning of the sentence. So I chose A. But I am confused now.

Bro,

When you mention 'twice/thrice' or some multiplication between two quantities as

A * x times = B , then you use 'as Adjective/adverb/OLD/ as'

However, when the sentence mentions a figure 2000 years ,it has to be a addition/subtraction between quantities.

A+2000=B

So the correct idiom is OLDER THAN.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 23:34
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My query pertains to below possible two constructions:

The above sentence has two issues

(1). Construction as shown above
(2). Comparison

My doubt is how we could zero on whether we have to use "SUPPOSED" or "SUPPOSEDLY".

Per the sentence we don't know whether the predecessors are MEDITERRANEAN or not.

And as have been said in above posts that MEDITERRANEAN is a noun , I don't agree as it is an Adjective.

So how we decide whether "SUPPOSED" modifies "PREDECESSORS"
OR "SUPPOSEDLY" modifies "MEDITERRANEAN".

Plz clarify
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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05 May 2015, 12:43
The monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years older than those that had previously been dated. Thus, the issue in not whether these monuments are Mediterranean. They are. Rather, the issue is whether the previously dated monuments are actually predecessors. Therefore, the adjective supposed in answer choice B correctly describes the noun predecessors, whereas in choice D the the adverb supposedly incorrectly describes Mediterranean.
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 20:34
Heres the easy to understand explanation(minus the obfuscation):
Quote:
As with many complicated SC problems, the first thing you have to figure out is WHAT THE SENTENCE IS TRYING TO SAY. In many cases this is straightforward, but not here. The process:

(1) "2000 years as old as" is nonsense. If you don't see why, try applying it to a statement about other ages: "I am about 4 years as old as my brother." Huh?
This is good enough to eliminate all of A, C, E.
The only reasonable interpretation is that the monuments in Brittany are 2000 years OLDER than the other ones. There's no other way in which this sentence could legitimately make sense.

(2) To break the deadlock between B and D, we need to use the MEANING of the sentence. Here's the meaning of each choice.
Choice B ('supposed Mediterranean predecessors') --> There's no doubt that the other monuments are Mediterranean, but what was supposed (and now disproved by the new evidence) is that they were the predecessors of the ones in Brittany.
Choice D ('supposedly Mediterranean predecessors') --> There's no doubt that the other monuments are the predecessors of the ones in Brittany, but what was supposed (and now disproved by the new evidence) is that they were Mediterranean.
B makes sense; D doesn't. If you don't immediately see why, consider that the decisive evidence was carbon-14 dating (which is used to tell how old things are, not where they're from).

Courtesy Ron Purewal:
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/post4312.html
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Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 18:50
Can someone please explain why "supposed" and not "supposedly". In this context, I think both are correct. "supposed predecessors" or "supposedly Mediterranean" both seems correct.
Re: Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2016, 18:50
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