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Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century

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Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2009, 12:24
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Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city, was plagued by labor troubles like the Pullman Strikes of 1894.

(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city

(B) which had industrial growth in the nineteenth century more rapid than that of other American cities

(C) which had growth industrially more rapid than any other American city in the nineteenth century

(D) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city

(E) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than that of any other American city

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Please explain your answers.....
A,C and D are incorrect coz they are comparing growth with cities.
Pls explain choices B & E?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by broall on 15 Jul 2017, 03:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2009, 16:08
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This is a tricky problem.

Most people would think that between "which" and "whose," the correct pronoun to use is "which" because we are referring to an inanimate object.

However, there is a GMAT precedence for the use of "whose" to reference inanimate objects. The rule is that the pronoun "whose" should be used for a possessive antecedent.

eg.

"The play, whose stye is formal, is typical of that period."

Also, the sentence in solution B uses the incorrect superlative form to compare the growth of Chicago and other cities. When we are comparing growth in multiple cities, the comparative form should be something along the lines of"...most rapid," not "...more rapid."

Answer E doesn't have this issue because we are only comparing growth between Chicago and any other city (singular).

The answer should be E


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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2009, 01:32
papillon,

please do not mark the answers at first. It would bias people.
Let them try to get the answer without any guide.

If you want, you could put the answer in a later post.
This is also a way of studying for other people

cheers
:)

papillon86 wrote:
208. Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city, was plagued by labor troubles like the Pullman Strikes of 1894.
(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city-- Incorrect
(B) which had industrial growth in the nineteenth century more rapid than that of other American cities
(C) which had growth industrially more rapid than any other American city in the nineteenth century
-- Incorrect
(D) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city
-- Incorrect
(E) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than that of any other American city

Please explain your answers.....
A,C and D are incorrect coz they are comparing growth with cities.
Pls explain choices B & E?

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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2009, 17:03
@talk2pk Wikipedia would fail the GMAT. The example it gives is incorrect in GMAT english.

"Winston Churchill's history shows him to have been a good writer."

The pronoun "him" can't refer to a possessive noun, it grammatically refers to history. The correct sentence should be:

"Winston Churchill's history shows Winston Churchill to have been a good writer."


As for the possessiveness of Chicago... the modifying phrase is talking about growth, and not just any growth - Chicago's growth is more rapid than the growth of other cities. The use of the word "which" turns the phrase into a modifier that only serves to describe Chicago.


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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2011, 12:21
A and D both compare industrial growth with American city so they are out.

But, what about B and C? B compares industrial growth with industrial growth (that of other American cities), and C compares Chicaco with other American city so they are both fine for me.

Could anybody clarify the point made above?

OA is E.

Thanks.
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2011, 13:30
+1 E

@noboru:
I think that B is wrong because compares Chicago's growth with the growth of other cities as a whole. You have to compare Chicago's growth with each growth of the other cities. It has to be an analysis case by case.

C is wrong because it changes the meaning. "industrialLY more rapid" doesn't make sense.
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2011, 07:42
IMO E
In option B, more than two cities are compared.i.e.,chicago's X is compared to X of other american cities. Hence, we need to use superlative form of comparison here. In option E comparative form is correctly used to compare Chicago's X to any other city's X(just one city).

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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2012, 12:07
mehulsayani wrote:
raghupara wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
Another from Princeton which I got wrong. Since its the name of a place, Shouldn't we be using where?


Than is the key word.

So, things to left of than must be comparable to things to the right of than...

i.e. only B & E remain.

I feel, 'which had growth more rapid....' in B is not filling fine.

IMHO E.

Best,
...


Thanks man! But i still dont understand why A is wrong? Can you help me with that?


Dissecting A in particular:

The statement compares the 'growth of Chicago' with 'any other city' - A logical flaw...
Therefore, is incorrect.

I would say, do not just go by the 'where' rule. I'd rather put it this way:

When you see where, it may have to refer to a place, but...
The converse may not be, i.e. a place may exist without a where reference.

Best,
...

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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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A: Chicago"s growth was more rapid.............. THAN...............Any other American city : THAN what? = Eliminate

the intent : X's growth was more rapid THAn the growth ( implies a usage of THAT ) of Y

B : Chicago had more rapid growth................THAN................THAT OF other American cities : THAT OF = doesn't make sense = Eliminate

Correct usage should be : Chicago Had more growth.........THAN..........America HAD = Introduction of HAD makes it logical.

C : ........growth Industrially more rapid = who is modifying what ? = Eliminate

D : Chicago"s growth was more rapid.............. THAN...............Any other American city : THAN what? = Eliminate

the intent : X's growth was more rapid THAn the growth ( implies a usage of THAT ) of Y

E : Chicago"s growth was more rapid.............. THAN THAT OF Any other American city : Perfect

X's growth was more rapid.......... THAn............. the growth of Y = X's growth was more rapid.......... THAn............. THAT (the growth) of Y : THAT = The Growth

Leading to E , my take

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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 17:18
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2017, 07:06
Hi All,
If we change the 1 st option as ..(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than that of any other American city . Now between A and E which option would be correct (where and whose ).

Thanks.

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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2017, 07:06
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