Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century

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Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2009, 11:24
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208. Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city, was plagued by labor troubles like the Pullman Strikes of 1894.
(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city-- Incorrect
(B) which had industrial growth in the nineteenth century more rapid than that of other American cities
(C) which had growth industrially more rapid than any other American city in the nineteenth century
-- Incorrect
(D) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city
-- Incorrect
(E) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than that of any other American city

A,C and D are incorrect coz they are comparing growth with cities.
Pls explain choices B & E?
If you have any questions
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20 Oct 2009, 15:08
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This is a tricky problem.

Most people would think that between "which" and "whose," the correct pronoun to use is "which" because we are referring to an inanimate object.

However, there is a GMAT precedence for the use of "whose" to reference inanimate objects. The rule is that the pronoun "whose" should be used for a possessive antecedent.

eg.

"The play, whose stye is formal, is typical of that period."

Also, the sentence in solution B uses the incorrect superlative form to compare the growth of Chicago and other cities. When we are comparing growth in multiple cities, the comparative form should be something along the lines of"...most rapid," not "...more rapid."

Answer E doesn't have this issue because we are only comparing growth between Chicago and any other city (singular).

HTH!
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22 Oct 2009, 00:32
papillon,

please do not mark the answers at first. It would bias people.
Let them try to get the answer without any guide.

If you want, you could put the answer in a later post.
This is also a way of studying for other people

cheers

papillon86 wrote:
208. Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city, was plagued by labor troubles like the Pullman Strikes of 1894.
(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city-- Incorrect
(B) which had industrial growth in the nineteenth century more rapid than that of other American cities
(C) which had growth industrially more rapid than any other American city in the nineteenth century
-- Incorrect
(D) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than any other American city
-- Incorrect
(E) whose industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than that of any other American city

A,C and D are incorrect coz they are comparing growth with cities.
Pls explain choices B & E?
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22 Oct 2009, 05:12
@GMATBootcamp
but cannot conclude that Chicago to be possessive antecedent ...

Can u pls explain more on this?
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22 Oct 2009, 16:03
@talk2pk Wikipedia would fail the GMAT. The example it gives is incorrect in GMAT english.

"Winston Churchill's history shows him to have been a good writer."

The pronoun "him" can't refer to a possessive noun, it grammatically refers to history. The correct sentence should be:

"Winston Churchill's history shows Winston Churchill to have been a good writer."

As for the possessiveness of Chicago... the modifying phrase is talking about growth, and not just any growth - Chicago's growth is more rapid than the growth of other cities. The use of the word "which" turns the phrase into a modifier that only serves to describe Chicago.

HTH!
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09 Sep 2010, 09:40
okay...a silly but a nice question..if we change option A to

(A) where industrial growth in the nineteenth century was more rapid than "in" any other American city

Will this be the right option as well?
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02 Dec 2010, 10:08
will go with B.
The sentence is using two verbs which are in past tense(growth and plagued) . One of them shd use past perfect tense as given in B.
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29 Dec 2010, 03:29
B for me but i think had is not the right choice.. wats the OA?
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21 Mar 2011, 08:20
Man, posters need to fill in with the OA. I have no clue what the OA is but I picked E because it makes the most sense...
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24 Mar 2011, 14:08
OA is 'E'

As explained above: Choice B - "more rapid than that of other American cities" - "any" is missing here.

PS: If you ever need to find answer to an SC question, Just google a sentence fragment.
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30 Mar 2011, 22:26
I also considered E is correct as it sound me better, but any other vs other is main reason or whose vs which.
any clue?
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31 Mar 2011, 00:20
GMATBootcamp wrote:
This is a tricky problem.

Also, the sentence in solution B uses the incorrect superlative form to compare the growth of Chicago and other cities. When we are comparing growth in multiple cities, the comparative form should be something along the lines of"...most rapid," not "...more rapid."

Answer E doesn't have this issue because we are only comparing growth between Chicago and any other city (singular).

HTH!

It seems as if B is altering the meaning of the sentence.The intended meaning of the original sentence is that Chicago's growth is the highest of all cities whereas B says that Chicagos's growth is higher than than that of other cities.
Is this what u r trying to explain
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25 Apr 2011, 11:21
A and D both compare industrial growth with American city so they are out.

But, what about B and C? B compares industrial growth with industrial growth (that of other American cities), and C compares Chicaco with other American city so they are both fine for me.

Could anybody clarify the point made above?

OA is E.

Thanks.
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25 Apr 2011, 12:30
+1 E

@noboru:
I think that B is wrong because compares Chicago's growth with the growth of other cities as a whole. You have to compare Chicago's growth with each growth of the other cities. It has to be an analysis case by case.

C is wrong because it changes the meaning. "industrialLY more rapid" doesn't make sense.
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07 Jul 2011, 06:42
IMO E
In option B, more than two cities are compared.i.e.,chicago's X is compared to X of other american cities. Hence, we need to use superlative form of comparison here. In option E comparative form is correctly used to compare Chicago's X to any other city's X(just one city).
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 05:31
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Re: Chicago, where industrial growth in the nineteenth century   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2014, 05:31
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