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Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...

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Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2013, 13:32
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:32) correct 18% (01:25) wrong based on 149 sessions

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Citing health concerns, City X is considering a law prohibiting thrift stores to accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens.

A. prohibiting thrift stores to accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
B. prohibiting thrift stores from accepting mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
C. prohibiting that thrift stores accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
D. that thrift stores cannot accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
E. that mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens cannot be accepted by thrift stores


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Re: Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2013, 14:06
2
1
avohden wrote:
Citing health concerns, City X is considering a law prohibiting thrift stores to accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens.

A. prohibiting thrift stores to accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
B. prohibiting thrift stores from accepting mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
C. prohibiting that thrift stores accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
D. that thrift stores cannot accept mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens
E. that mattresses, pillows, and bed-linens cannot be accepted by thrift stores

Dear avohden,
I'm happy to help. :-)

This is a classic idiom question. First of all, here's a free GMAT idiom ebook:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom-ebook/

Here's a blog that discusses this particular idiom:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-prepo ... ioms-from/
The correct idiom is "prohibit A from doing X".

It's very tricky --- we forbid somebody to do something, but we prohibit that person from doing something. Two different idioms for two closely related words.

The answer choice with the correct idiom is (B).

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2013, 02:52
Official Explanation

Answer B
The issue here is the proper usage for the idea of prohibiting something. The proper idiomatic form is "prohibit X from doing Y." Incorrect forms are "prohibit X to do Y" and "prohibit that X do Y". Thus we eliminate (after a vertical scan) choices (A) and (C). Since "a law that X cannot do Y" and "a law that Z's cannot be Y'd by X" are also unidiomatic, we eliminate (D) and (E). That leaves us with our correct answer, (B).

Note that (E) also uses the passive voice, which is usually incorrect on Sentence Correction unless it is somehow necessary. One instance where passive voice would be necessary is in the sentence "Professor X was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics." In this sentence, using the active voice would require something such as "The committee awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics to Professor X". The original sentence (which uses the passive voice) is shorter and more elegant, and more clearly states the main idea, which concerns Professor X, not the committee.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 07:35
Prohibiting X from Y is correct idiomatic usage, hence answer must be (B)
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Re: Citing health concerns, City X is considering ...  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2018, 08:05
The sentence as written contains a usage error. The proper idiomatic form is prohibiting X from doing Y, not prohibiting X to do Y.

A quick scan of the choices reveals a 3-2 split on the first words, with (A), (B), and (C) using "prohibiting," while (D) and (E) drop "prohibiting" and use "that."

(A) can be eliminated immediately for using the idiomatically incorrect form "prohibiting ... to."

(C) also uses "prohibiting" incorrectly. Prohibiting that is simply not proper idiomatic usage.

(D) drops the word "prohibiting," leaving the law without a verb. The city is considering a law that ... what? The sentence should describe a law that says something or a law that does something. (D) says what the thrift stores cannot do under the law, but proper usage requires that the law have a verb. (D) must be eliminated.

(E), like (D), drops the word "prohibiting," leaving the law without a verb. In fact, (E) is just like (D) except it switches to passive voice, which is generally avoided on the GMAT. Get rid of (E).

(B) uses the correct idiomatic form, "a law prohibiting ... from accepting." (B) adds no new errors and is therefore the right answer.

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Re: Citing health concerns, City X is considering ... &nbs [#permalink] 19 Nov 2018, 08:05
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