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Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have

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Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 09:15
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Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (02:18) correct 53% (01:38) wrong based on 58 sessions

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Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have some doubts about the truth of its contents. But news stories often include statements from anonymous sources, and these are usually quoted with the utmost respect. It makes sense to be skeptical of these sources, for, as in the case of the writer of an unsigned letter, their anonymity makes it possible for them to plant inaccurate or slanted statements without ever having to answer for them.

The columnist’s argument proceeds by

(A) pointing out that a certain attitude would presumably be adopted in one situation, in order to support the claim that a similar attitude would be justified in an analogous situation

(B) drawing an analogy between an attitude commonly adopted in one situation and a different attitude commonly adopted in another situation, and establishing that the latter attitude is better justified than the former

(C) inferring that an attitude would be justified in all situations of a given type on the grounds that this attitude is justified in a hypothetical situation of that type

(D) calling into question a certain type of evidence by drawing an analogy between that evidence and other evidence that the argument shows is usually false

(E) calling into question the motives of those presenting certain information, and concluding for this reason that the information is likely to be false
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Mahmud6 on 31 Oct 2017, 00:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 14:04
The main point of the argument is "one cannot trust news reports that include statements from anonymous/unverifiable resources". The reason or better yet the analogy presented by the argument is that "when one gets an unsigned or unauthorized letter, the contents of such a letter cannot be trusted, and this is because, the sender/s of such an unsigned letter cannot be held responsible for the contents of the letter"

The reasoning pattern adopted by the argument is, the manner we deal with one situation should remain the same when dealing with a similar situation.

A: bingo, adheres to the pattern observed - correct answer
B: talks about drawing an analogy between two different attitudes - compares oranges to apples and says apples are better - out
C: talks about generalizing an attitude adopted from a hypothetical situation - out
D: calling into question a certain type of evidence the argument never questions any evidence - it only presents evidence as a reference - out
E: calling into question the motives the argument never talks about anyone's motives - out
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Re: Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 00:08
The argument structure is simple: It gives a general situation and then said the same could be applied to another situation.

(A) pointing out that a certain attitude would presumably be adopted in one situation, in order to support the claim that a similar attitude would be justified in an analogous
situation : True. As per what we said.

(B) drawing an analogy between an attitude commonly adopted in one situation and a different attitude commonly adopted in another situation, and establishing that the latter
attitude is better justified than the former : The author never compared one over another.

(C) inferring that an attitude would be justified in all situations of a given type on the grounds that this attitude is justified in a hypothetical situation of that type : There is no hypothetical situation.

(D) calling into question a certain type of evidence by drawing an analogy between that evidence and other evidence that the argument shows is
usually false : No, he s not calling anything into question.

(E) calling into question the motives of those presenting certain information, and concluding for this reason that the information is likely to be false: Same as D
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Re: Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have   [#permalink] 07 May 2017, 00:08
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Columnist: If you received an unsigned letter, you would likely have

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