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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early

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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 04:24
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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 04:55
D has the issue of split infinitive.
There is no referrent to "it" in options A, B and E.

C is a clear winner.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 05:10
Although D has infinitive issue, it is better than C. So, D.
In C, I don't think "undermining" can complement "the processes"

The bottom line is, it is not a good question.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 06:42
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it



A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 06:46
selvae wrote:
A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.


Why will "it" in option A not refer to "scholarly wishdom"?

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 06:52
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 13:46
OA is A

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 13:59
selvae wrote:
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it



A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.


I don't get it. How is modifier resolving the ambiguity?

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2009, 06:04
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.


Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2009, 07:40
lumone wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.


Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?


I ate quickly to catch the bus is correct

I quickly ate to catch the bus is incorrect.

Second one is split infinitve. Refer to wikipedia entry. There is more than you want :)

Source and OE??

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2009, 04:26
icandy wrote:
lumone wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.


Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?


I ate quickly to catch the bus is correct

I quickly ate to catch the bus is incorrect.

Second one is split infinitve. Refer to wikipedia entry. There is more than you want :)

Source and OE??


Thanks!

Would you know about this:

Quote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 0

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2009, 21:10
lumone wrote:
Thanks!

Would you know about this:

Quote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.


you can put "that" .. or can pretend that it is here. Our teacher was telling all the time (that) we have to try to avoid it.
I also go with A, because it is clearly refer to ethnicity.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2009, 00:19
predicted ...means relating to something that will happen in future. So would is required. In C,the use of ethnicity twice is redundant. Hence A is teh best choice
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

Kudos [?]: 550 [0], given: 0

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2009, 05:07
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

lumone, you are absolutely right about "that" issue. I haven't seen, nor have I heard any reputable test trainer endorse, that "that" can be dropped as it is done here. That is why I would not try to learn from this question.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2009, 05:54
botirvoy wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

lumone, you are absolutely right about "that" issue. I haven't seen, nor have I heard any reputable test trainer endorse, that "that" can be dropped as it is done here. That is why I would not try to learn from this question.



Well, we have a problem here.
This is a question used in an official gmat test.
This is a question from retired paper test 55. Section 6. Question 8

In the OG's, "that" missing is considered as an error.

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Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2009, 05:54
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