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# Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early

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Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 04:24
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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1477
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 04:55
D has the issue of split infinitive.
There is no referrent to "it" in options A, B and E.

C is a clear winner.
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 817
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 05:10
Although D has infinitive issue, it is better than C. So, D.
In C, I don't think "undermining" can complement "the processes"

The bottom line is, it is not a good question.
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 192
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 06:42
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity

A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1477
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 06:46
selvae wrote:
A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.

Why will "it" in option A not refer to "scholarly wishdom"?
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 06:52
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 13:46
OA is A
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1333
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2009, 13:59
selvae wrote:
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity

A wins
'it' refers to 'ethnicity' here

the sentence structure is modifier( contrary to X..), Y.
Here, the modifier to ethnicity is referred by pronoun 'it'.

I don't get it. How is modifier resolving the ambiguity?
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 06:04
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1333
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 07:40
lumone wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?

I ate quickly to catch the bus is correct

I quickly ate to catch the bus is incorrect.

Second one is split infinitve. Refer to wikipedia entry. There is more than you want

Source and OE??
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2009, 04:26
icandy wrote:
lumone wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

Is anyone able to advise on this?

And D, what is "the issue of split infinitive."?

I ate quickly to catch the bus is correct

I quickly ate to catch the bus is incorrect.

Second one is split infinitve. Refer to wikipedia entry. There is more than you want

Source and OE??

Thanks!

Quote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
Intern
Joined: 10 Nov 2007
Posts: 13
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2009, 21:10
lumone wrote:
Thanks!

Quote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

you can put "that" .. or can pretend that it is here. Our teacher was telling all the time (that) we have to try to avoid it.
I also go with A, because it is clearly refer to ethnicity.
VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1181
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2009, 00:19
predicted ...means relating to something that will happen in future. So would is required. In C,the use of ethnicity twice is redundant. Hence A is teh best choice
lumone wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 817
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2009, 05:07
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

lumone, you are absolutely right about "that" issue. I haven't seen, nor have I heard any reputable test trainer endorse, that "that" can be dropped as it is done here. That is why I would not try to learn from this question.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 333
Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55 [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2009, 05:54
botirvoy wrote:
lumone wrote:
FOR A:
Isn't there a "that" missing after predicted?

Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted that the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.

lumone, you are absolutely right about "that" issue. I haven't seen, nor have I heard any reputable test trainer endorse, that "that" can be dropped as it is done here. That is why I would not try to learn from this question.

Well, we have a problem here.
This is a question used in an official gmat test.
This is a question from retired paper test 55. Section 6. Question 8

In the OG's, "that" missing is considered as an error.

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.
Re: SC Question - 8 PT 55   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2009, 05:54
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