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09 Feb 2019, 11:58
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

78% (01:27) correct 22% (01:37) wrong based on 64 sessions

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Corporate businesses, like species, must adapt to survive. Businesses that are no longer efficient will become extinct. But sometimes a business cannot adapt without changing its core corporate philosophy. Hence, sometimes a business can survive only by becoming a different corporation.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) No business can survive without changing its core corporate philosophy

(B) As a business becomes less efficient, it invariably surrenders its core corporate philosophy

(C) Different corporations have different core corporate philosophies

(D) If a business keeps its core corporate business intact, it will continue to exist

(E) A business cannot change its core corporate philosophy without becoming a different corporation

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09 Feb 2019, 21:14
Corporate businesses, like species, must adapt to survive. Businesses that are no longer efficient will become extinct. But sometimes a business cannot adapt without changing its core corporate philosophy. Hence, sometimes a business can survive only by becoming a different corporation.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

Let us break down the para..

Businesses that are no longer efficient will become extinct.
INFERENCE from above two - Efficiency is surely a factor which businesses require to survive.

But sometimes a business cannot adapt without changing its core corporate philosophy.
Hence, sometimes a business can survive only by becoming a different corporation.

The word ONLY is very useful in weakening, in strengthening and in assumption as we can see here.
We are talking of requirement of changing core corporate philosophy to survive and all of a sudden, we conclude that businesses, at times, have to become a different corporation and that is the ONLY way out..

But there is no connection between the conclusion, that too such extreme, and the rest of the para.

Therefore, there has to be a connection between changing of core corporate philosophy and becoming a different corporation

(A)
Quote:
No business can survive without changing its core corporate philosophy

The para talks of some businesses. Thus too extreme to be an answer.

(B)
Quote:
As a business becomes less efficient, it invariably surrenders its core corporate philosophy

Yes, efficiency is a factor to survive. But the para talks of NO longer efficient, whereas we shift to less efficient here. Moreover, if we consider this option to be true, does it bridge the gap between changing of core corporate philosophy and becoming a different corporation..NO

(C)
Quote:
Different corporations have different core corporate philosophies

A very tempting choice. It means ' If different corporations, then different core corporate philosophies', but we are looking for ' If different core corporate philosophies, then different corporations'.
Two different things.
Even if you are tempted, wait till you see all choices. There might be something better.

(D)
Quote:
If a business keeps its core corporate business intact, it will continue to exist

does it bridge the gap between changing of core corporate philosophy and becoming a different corporation..NO

(E)
Quote:
A business cannot change its core corporate philosophy without becoming a different corporation

YES, this bridges the gap, gives us the required connection and justifies the use of ONLY.

Even if you were earlier tempted towards C, you should now be convinced on E as the answer, as E is a better choice.

E
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09 Feb 2019, 22:34
Corporate businesses, like species, must adapt to survive. Businesses that are no longer efficient will become extinct. But sometimes a business cannot adapt without changing its core corporate philosophy. Hence, sometimes a business can survive only by becoming a different corporation.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) No business can survive without changing its core corporate philosophy

(B) As a business becomes less efficient, it invariably surrenders its core corporate philosophy

(C) Different corporations have different core corporate philosophies

(D) If a business keeps its core corporate business intact, it will continue to exist

(E) A business cannot change its core corporate philosophy without becoming a different corporation

Keywords:Only by

different corporate policy >> Different organization

Conclusion:

Hence, sometimes a business can survive only by becoming a different corporation.

Contenders option C and E

(C) Different corporations have different core corporate philosophies

An assumption is unstated and must be true for the argument to be valid.

The stimulus reverses the the fact..Different corporate policy leads to different corporations.
Also if we apply negation test here ,it doesn't Negate the conclusion..

Different corporations DO NOT HAVE have different core corporate philosophies

(E) A business cannot change its core corporate philosophy without becoming a different corporation

Looks perfect ..Lets negate this

A business can change its core corporate philosophy without becoming a different corporation..

Clearly the conclusion falls.

Hence E:

Extra Thoughts:

x HAPPENS ONLY if Y happens : is the same as If Y happens then X happens:
We know contrapostive is always true.

So If Not X then Not Y will be true.

Here X= different corporate policy
Y = different organizations.

Hope it helps!!
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