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# Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal

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Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 15:54
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Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(A) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(B) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(C) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale had reversed to its present form.

(D) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.

(E) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Nov 2017, 20:01, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 16:30
D& E is eliminated due to modifying error.
"where" in A is wrong, and usage of "HE" indicates active voice

SO its B for me.

I am not sure about the exact grammatical reasoning, can someone explain pls.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 16:46
balajinaik wrote:
D& E is eliminated due to modifying error.
"where" in A is wrong, and usage of "HE" indicates active voice

SO its B for me.

I am not sure about the exact grammatical reasoning, can someone explain pls.

as you narrowed it down, it is down to B & C.

B is better than C. his death is better than he died.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 19:59
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vksunder wrote:
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

A,C --> out.. Possessive posion.. he can't refer to Anders Celsius’s

Created by Anders Celsious in 1731, thermometer --> would have been better choice..
D and E are out.

B is the best.
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 20:09
B is the better choice here.

A: Possesive pronoun error
C: Possesive pronoun error
D: Sentence after semi-colon must be independent clause.
E: "was reversed" is changed to "reversed" mistakenly
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2009, 22:17
Clearly B.

A - use of "where" is wrong. It should be used for the place.
C - Use of subject pronoun "he" is wrong as there is no referent as subject noun.
D and E - construction is awkward.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2009, 14:09
Hi mates,

IMO B

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

D out: "; reversing "
E out: the scale reversed is wrong, it should be in pasive voice
A out: where is for places, not for things

Between B and C, I'd go with B because "after he died" sounds like inmediately

OA and Source?

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2009, 11:44
Thanks for the explanation guys. OA is indeed B.

However, I have a question regarding the modifier:

In this sentence shouldn't Created in 1731 be modifier by original thermometer .

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2013, 09:52
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JohnLewis1980 wrote:
Hi mates,

IMO B

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

D out: "; reversing "
E out: the scale reversed is wrong, it should be in pasive voice
A out: where is for places, not for things

Between B and C, I'd go with B because "after he died" sounds like inmediately

OA and Source?

Cheers

The reason is not that is 'sounds' like that.

between B and C following is the difference :

In B, 'his' is a possessive pronoun (check the context) and therefore it can refer to a possessive noun 'Anders Celsius' while as in C, 'he' is a non-possesive pronoun and lacks an antecedent ; therefore option B is correct.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 13:04
vksunder wrote:
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

Looks like it is (E). A,B,C have no clear antecedent. In (D) the second part of the sentence starting with 'reversing the scale..." is wrong. Who reversed it?
OA please will be very much appreciated.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 13:36
jlgdr wrote:
vksunder wrote:
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

Looks like it is (E). A,B,C have no clear antecedent. In (D) the second part of the sentence starting with 'reversing the scale..." is wrong. Who reversed it?
OA please will be very much appreciated.

This is a Manhattan Gmat question and the OA is B
For the OE pls refer to this link http://www.beatthegmat.com/thermometer-t47674.html , which has the comments of Ron and Stacy from Manhattan Gmat

Hope this helps
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 08:24
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a)In 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form. ---- faulty combination of possessive noun plus non possessive pronoun --- wrong

b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.------ Correct combination of possessive noun plus possessive pronoun
Correct choice

c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form. ------ Same as A

d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744. ---------------- Straight out; the second IC after semi-colon is a glaring fragment

e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form. --- can we expect a lifeless scale to reverse itself?

Why the first three choices do not indicate who reversed it, is because, the focus of the issue is more on the reversal rather than on the agent of reversal, I suppose.
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 13:54
daagh wrote:
a)In 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form. ---- faulty combination of possessive noun plus non possessive pronoun --- wrong

b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.------ Correct combination of possessive noun plus possessive pronoun
Correct choice

c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form. ------ Same as A

d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744. ---------------- Straight out; the second IC after semi-colon is a glaring fragment

e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form. --- can we expect a lifeless scale to reverse itself?

Why the first three choices do not indicate who reversed it, is because, the focus of the issue is more on the reversal rather than on the agent of reversal, I suppose.

Hi daagh - So if I understood correctly possessive pronouns can refer back to possessive's even if the noun is not stated as such. In this case 'his' can correctly refer to Anders Celsius which is only expressed in the sentence as Anders Celsius's thermometer.

Would be nice if you clarified this as I have been encountering this issue quite often
Thanks
Cheers
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 09:09
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

a) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale wherethe value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
b) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form....CORRECT
c) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; afterhe died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.
d) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.
e) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2017, 10:49
B by POE method.

Also based on the previous link, as per the experts Ron a Stacey Koprince - I have updated the OE for this question.
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Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2017, 19:59
vksunder wrote:
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(A) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(B) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(C) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale had reversed to its present form.

(D) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.

(E) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

In the original sentence, the use of the relative pronoun “where” to describe ”a scale” is incorrect because the pronoun “where” can refer only to physical locations.

(A) This answer choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This answer choice corrects the original by replacing the relative pronoun “where” with “in which,” to correctly refer to the immediately preceding noun “a scale.”

(C) By replacing the original passive construction “was reversed” with the active form “had reversed,” this answer choice illogically suggests that "a scale” changed itself rather than was changed by others. Also, the past perfect tense is used incorrectly, as “reversed” is not the earlier of two past actions; it is the only action in the clause after the semi-colon, and is in fact the last event of the sentence as a whole.

(D) In this answer choice, the semicolon is used incorrectly to connect two clauses, only one of which can stand alone. Specifically, the phrase “reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744” is not an independent clause and cannot follow the semicolon.

(E) In this answer choice, the use of the relative pronoun “where” to describe “a scale” is incorrect because this pronoun can refer only to physical locations. Furthermore, by replacing the original passive construction “was reversed” with the active form “reversed,” this answer choice illogically suggests that "a scale” changed itself rather than was changed by others. While the active form is more concise, the use of the passive construction in this case is warranted by fact that the subject (“scale”) is not capable of performing the action described by the verb (that is, reversing itself).
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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2017, 02:47
vksunder wrote:
Created in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(A) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(B) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale was reversed to its present form.

(C) in 1731, Anders Celsius’ original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after he died in 1744 the scale had reversed to its present form.

(D) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale in which the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; reversing the scale to its present form after his death in 1744.

(E) by Anders Celsius in 1731, his original thermometer had a scale where the value of 0 corresponded to the boiling point of water; after his death in 1744 the scale reversed to its present form.

I feel like all options are wrong becoz (HE) in option B has no owner...Its the thermometere was mentioned but not the name ANDERS CELSIUS

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2017, 19:01
B and C together creates a good pattern in gmat. In other word, one option choice will have a noun; that option should look exactly same as B; the other option choice will have a clause like the one in C.
B is better than C.

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Re: Created in 1731, the original thermometer by Anders Celsius had a scal   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2017, 19:01
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