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# Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required

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Manager
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Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2011, 11:30
2
11
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:20) correct 63% (01:35) wrong based on 299 sessions

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Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required to issue, some attorneys still attempt to file lawsuits against tobacco companies on behalf of smokers; but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies, the smokers are in effect told that they are not responsible for their own decisions

A. in attributing smoking to tobacco companies
B. in attributing the act of smoking to tobacco companies
C. in attributing tobacco companies as the cause of smoking
D. if smoking is attributed to tobacco companies
E. if tobacco companies are attributed as the cause of smoking

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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2011, 01:10
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First grammar. This is question of idiom and modification
Idiom: ‘Attribute to’ is the right idiom, ‘attribute as’ is wrong. So choices C and E are gone.
Modification; The underlined part ‘but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies’ is supposed to be done by the attorneys who are suing the tobacco companies. But instead of attorneys, you find only ‘smokers’ which turns the clause into one of misplaced modification. So choices A and B that have ‘but in arrtibuting to’ are worng This leaves us with choice D only, which uses a passive voice to match the passve voice in the latter part to render the clause without modificiation error and make it more //.
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Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2011
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2011, 00:53
D it is...

reason -- > "in attributing smoking to tobacco companies, the smokers"

this implies that the smokers are attributing smoking to ........... while actually it is the attorneys who want to blame the smoking companies by "attributing smoking to tobacco companies"

therefore a, b, c are out

between D and E, D is more concise and "active"- voice.

Hope this helps. Also FYI.. there is a similar question about criminals, foods and attributing... you can look that up for better clarity if you need further help on this SC.
Manager
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2011, 00:37
daagh wrote:
First grammar. This is question of idiom and modification
Idiom: ‘Attribute to’ is the right idiom, ‘attribute as’ is wrong. So choices C and E are gone.
Modification; The underlined part ‘but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies’ is supposed to be done by the attorneys who are suing the tobacco companies. But instead of attorneys, you find only ‘smokers’ which turns the clause into one of misplaced modification. So choices A and B that have ‘but in arrtibuting to’ are worng This leaves us with choice D only, which uses a passive voice to match the passve voice in the latter part to render the clause without modificiation error and make it more //.

i was confused by the modifier issue here
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 07:54
Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required to issue, some attorneys still attempt to file lawsuits against tobacco companies on behalf of smokers; but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies, the smokers are in effect told that they are not responsible for their own decisions
A. in attributing smoking to tobacco companies :- In attributing says that smokers are attributing it
B. in attributing the act of smoking to tobacco companies :- same as above
C. in attributing tobacco companies as the cause of smoking :- same
D. if smoking is attributed to tobacco companies :- passive to passive parallel and it clearly says that attorneys are attributing the smoking to companies and plus it has a semi colon, it needs to stand as an independedn clause, i believe this is the only option with a verb "is" referring to attribution
E. if tobacco companies are attributed as the cause of smoking :- reversed meaning
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 03:46
The sentence as written contains a modification error. The modifying phrase "in attributing smoking to tobacco companies" is intended to modify "attorneys." It is the attorneys who are attributing smoking to tobacco companies. But the placement of the phrase makes it modify what comes after it—"the smokers." Eliminate (A).

A quick scan of the choices reveals a 3-2 split, with (A), (B), and (C) using the same "in attributing ...," which incorrectly modifies "the smokers," while (D) and (E) change the phrase to "if ... attributed."

(A), (B), and (C) can be eliminated right away, since they contain the modification error noted above. Compare (D) and (E).

Between (D) and (E), (D) is more concise and direct. If X is attributed to Y is sufficient, there is no need to use the wordier and more roundabout Y is attributed as the cause of X. Therefore, (D) is correct.

TAKEAWAY: A modifying phrase at the beginning of a sentence or independent clause modifies the noun that comes right after the comma. Make sure that this noun is really what the sentence intends to modify.
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 06:13
But I have a bigger query here... Is it right to use a semi colon with a coordinating conjunction when joining two independent clauses? I read that the construction is wrong and that it is right to either use a lone semicolon or a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Please help me clarify if my thinking is right daagh mikemcgarry. Thanks.

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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 07:07
Warlock007 wrote:
Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required to issue, some attorneys still attempt to file lawsuits against tobacco companies on behalf of smokers; but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies, the smokers are in effect told that they are not responsible for their own decisions

A. in attributing smoking to tobacco companies
B. in attributing the act of smoking to tobacco companies
C. in attributing tobacco companies as the cause of smoking
D. if smoking is attributed to tobacco companies
E. if tobacco companies are attributed as the cause of smoking

Cause is attributed to effect. So, a, b, d are wrong

Use of if in E is incorrect

C seems the best. However, use of 'cause' is redundant.

I'm not sure but will choose C. I may be wrong here.
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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 07:10
daagh wrote:
First grammar. This is question of idiom and modification
Idiom: ‘Attribute to’ is the right idiom, ‘attribute as’ is wrong. So choices C and E are gone.
Modification; The underlined part ‘but in attributing smoking to tobacco companies’ is supposed to be done by the attorneys who are suing the tobacco companies. But instead of attorneys, you find only ‘smokers’ which turns the clause into one of misplaced modification. So choices A and B that have ‘but in arrtibuting to’ are worng This leaves us with choice D only, which uses a passive voice to match the passve voice in the latter part to render the clause without modificiation error and make it more //.

Read this and realised my mistake. Thank you for the explanation.

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Re: Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2018, 07:10
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