GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 13 Dec 2018, 14:33

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz, Tomorrow, Saturday at 9 AM PST

December 14, 2018

December 14, 2018

09:00 AM PST

10:00 AM PST

10 Questions will be posted on the forum and we will post a reply in this Topic with a link to each question. There are prizes for the winners.
• ### The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

December 13, 2018

December 13, 2018

08:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.

# DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2017
Posts: 5
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 05:27
unable to understand the structure of the sentence:

Rats form colonies of approx. 20 animals, each of which consisting/each of colony consisting/ each of which consist one king.

correct option is : ==>each of colony consisting.
here comma+each of colony consisting act as modifier...?
Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3616
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 05:39
Hi sanjeet11 ,

Here is the thing. You much understand the meaning of comma +which. It refers to the immediate noun before the comma rather than the subject.

Rats form colonies of approx. 20 animals, each of which consisting.

Rats form colonies of approx. 20 animals, each of which consist one king.

In both these options, which refers to animals because that is the nearest noun. Now it is illogical to say animals consists of something. Hence, both of the above options are incorrect.

Rats form colonies of approx. 20 animals, each of colony consisting.

Here, we are correctly defining what colony consists of. Hence, it is correct.

And yes, it is acting as a modifier.

Does that make sense?
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.

Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2017
Posts: 5
Re: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 06:57
Thank u Abhimahna for your quick response. I still have one doubt here regarding the modifier structure here. generally we have
comma+ verb+ed modifier
comma+ verb+ing modifier
comma+ noun + noun modifier
understood its modifying the colony but its linked to the sentence in bit strange way that is ==>comma + "each of the colony consisting of"..
Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3616
Re: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 07:17
sanjeet11 wrote:
Thank u Abhimahna for your quick response. I still have one doubt here regarding the modifier structure here. generally we have
comma+ verb+ed modifier
comma+ verb+ing modifier
comma+ noun + noun modifier
understood its modifying the colony but its linked to the sentence in bit strange way that is ==>comma + "each of the colony consisting of"..

Here is the thing: This is one of the weird rules that I also believe is awkward. But GMAT says, it is okay to use modifier of the subject with a comma at the end provided it is not creating any ambiguity.

Remember we have the solid reason to reject other two options while we don't have any reason for rejecting the correct one.

Thanks
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.

Manager
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 114
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 07:32
sanjeet11 wrote:
Thank u Abhimahna for your quick response. I still have one doubt here regarding the modifier structure here. generally we have
comma+ verb+ed modifier
comma+ verb+ing modifier
comma+ noun + noun modifier
understood its modifying the colony but its linked to the sentence in bit strange way that is ==>comma + "each of the colony consisting of"..

Hi sanjeet11,

A. each of which consists
"which" refers to animals (as that is the closest noun). INCORRECT

B. with each of them consisting
them refers to animals or colonies : ambiguous. INCORRECT.

C. each colony consisting
Its a modifier, if seen closely. The complete sentence would be,

Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately 20 animals, each colony consisting of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her

each colony (NOUN) consisting of a.....(NOUN MODIFIER -- in this case, its a VERB-ing Modifier) -- NOUN + NOUN MODIFIER (or ABSOLUTE PHRASE, in other terms) modfifying "colonies" in the preceding clause. I hope you are aware that Noun + Noun Modifier can modify any part of the preceding clause/sentence.

D. and each of them consist
each is SINGULAR, therefore, pronoun number agreement error

E. and each colony consisting
No verb for the 2nd IC. Here again, if you see closely, the presence of the structure IC1 + ", and" needs a IC2. So, we need verb for "each colony"

Hope this answers your query. Let me know if you have any other questions.

Thanks.
-aceGMAT21
Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2017
Posts: 5
Re: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 07:54
Got it and thank u for explaining the original question solution in detail.
Re: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH" &nbs [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 07:54
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "EACH" AND "EACH OF WHICH"

Moderator: souvonik2k

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.