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# Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden

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Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 18:41
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (01:36) correct 64% (01:21) wrong based on 189 sessions

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Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 18:57
workout wrote:
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

Explanation -> Tense 'had been' not required here as it was decorated after its accidental damage which means it is the near past and not the distant one. Hence Simple Past Tense will suffice.

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

Explanation -> if we read the beginning of the underlined part with the non-underlined part, 'that was accidentally damaged by a team'. It seems a little vague in meaning, as if the sentence wants imply that the accident was planned and was not an accident after all. So rejecting it on the basis of meaning.

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

Explanation -> Changes meaning of the sentence by saying that the team of archaeologists got damaged instead of the cave. Hence rejecting on the basis of meaning.

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

Explanation -> Again wrong tense. We require Simple Past Tense here.

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

Explanation -> Conveys correct meaning and has the correct tense.

So IMO E
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 21:53
workout wrote:
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

1. We have to understand the sequense of actions and what happened.
As I did it:
There was some man-made cave along the Red Sea coast. It was decorated with the artifacts belongning to ancient Egypt's see-faring vessels.
A team of archaeologists discovered it and accidentally damaged it.

2. Now. Of course there can be the case that this team discovered a cave and then decorated it (option D). This option sounds right. But makes no sense for me. Why did they do so, to show this place to tourists? So D is out.

3. C is out. The simple one. Cave could not damage the team of people of course. It was another way around.

4. E is out. Since we decided the sequence of the events. We need past perfect, not present perfect ("had been decorated, not "has been decorated" and "was decorated")

5. B is out for the same reason. We need past perfect, not past simple ("had been decorated, not "was decorated").

So we are left with A.
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

Frankly speaking, it sounds a little odd to me. But will wait for comments of experts.
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Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 07 Aug 2018, 21:02
1
so the sequencing of events as per the intended meaning is as follows:
had been decorated --> discovered and damaged -->
past-perfect past tense
^this makes sense

Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that [url]was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts[/url] belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts
seems correct; keep
B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts
nope
C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts
modifier error - cave damaged team? nope
D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts
we're decorating it now? nope
E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts
construction is too awkward; A is preferable

Edit:
workout, is my reasoning correct? I couldn't pinpoint the reason I disliked E when I first attempted this question. Can you throw some light on it? Thanks.

Originally posted by sandman13 on 06 Aug 2018, 02:11.
Last edited by sandman13 on 07 Aug 2018, 21:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 02:41
workout wrote:
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

A. Use of "had been" seems incorrecr since two events are not related.
B. Seems good.
C.Changes the meaning
D.Use of "has been" seems wrong since "decoration" is a one-off action and doesn't last anymore.
E. Seems good too.

Ah tough choice between B and E. But E looks better because "with artefacts" is better than "using artefacts"
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 04:20
workout wrote:
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

I chose D,

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts - means the cave was earlier decorated with artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts - was decorated

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts - correctly conveys the meaning that artifacts were damaged last year and have been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts[/quote]
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Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Aug 2018, 18:09
1
+ 1 for D

Active voice and no redundancy

Originally posted by rachitbechem on 06 Aug 2018, 10:29.
Last edited by rachitbechem on 06 Aug 2018, 18:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 10:41
Only C is out of question.

On the second thought. I was completely wrong in my post above.

"Was decorated with artefacts" is not an action, it is a attribute of the cave ---> it means that past perfect and present perfect here do not pass.
(Thus A, C (anyway), D are out).

So our sentence has to sound something like:
"The man-made cave decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels was discovered along the Red Sea during an unearthing expedition last year by the tean of arrchaeologists"

Now. Between B and E. I choose E.
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels
Because "using artefacts" points on some action. It is like someone took an artefact (a stick for example) and used it (made a paint for example) to decorate a cave.
"with artefacts" means that someone took an artefact (an ancient stick, i do not know) and put in the cave - it makes much more sense.
Moreover, we can throw away th middle part of the sentence and all actions seem to be in their place - very good.
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels

E

---------------------------------------------
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 17:30
DharLog wrote:
Only C is out of question.

On the second thought. I was completely wrong in my post above.

"Was decorated with artefacts" is not an action, it is a attribute of the cave ---> it means that past perfect and present perfect here do not pass.
(Thus A, C (anyway), D are out).

So our sentence has to sound something like:
"The man-made cave decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels was discovered along the Red Sea during an unearthing expedition last year by the tean of arrchaeologists"

Now. Between B and E. I choose E.
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels
Because "using artefacts" points on some action. It is like someone took an artefact (a stick for example) and used it (made a paint for example) to decorate a cave.
"with artefacts" means that someone took an artefact (an ancient stick, i do not know) and put in the cave - it makes much more sense.
Moreover, we can throw away th middle part of the sentence and all actions seem to be in their place - very good.
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels

E

---------------------------------------------
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts

B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts

C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts

D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts

E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts

Geez, I made a mess of this question. You're right.
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2018, 21:31
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sandman13 wrote:
so the sequencing of events as per the intended meaning is as follows:
had been decorated --> discovered and damaged -->
past-perfect past tense
^this makes sense

You don't really need to consider "discovered" in the sequence of events as it is just a modifier for man-made cave.

sandman13 wrote:
Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that [url]was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts[/url] belonging to ancient Egypt's sea-faring vessels.

A. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year had been decorated using artifacts
seems correct; keep

Option A conveys the intended meaning using past perfect to establish the sequence of related events

sandman13 wrote:
B. was accidentally damaged by a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated using artifacts
nope

Sequence of events is lost. Either the cave was decorated(by someone else) before it got damaged or the cave was decorated(by the team of scientists) after it got damaged.

sandman13 wrote:
C. accidentally damaged a team of archaeologists during an unearthing expedition had been decorated last year with artifacts
modifier error - cave damaged team? nope

Meaning error.

sandman13 wrote:
D. was accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition done by a team of archaeologists last year has been decorated using artifacts
we're decorating it now? nope

Meaning error.

sandman13 wrote:
E. a team of archaeologists accidentally damaged during an unearthing expedition last year was decorated with artifacts
construction is too awkward; A is preferable

Edit:
workout, is my reasoning correct? I couldn't pinpoint the reason I disliked E when I first attempted this question. Can you throw some light on it? Thanks.

Option E doesn't clearly specify what was damaged. sandman13 your reasoning is correct.
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Re: Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 21:31
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# Discovered along the Red Sea coast, the man-made cave that was acciden

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