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Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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19 Jun 2010, 03:49
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Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? (1) k > 4! (2) \(13! + 2 \leq k \leq 13!+13\)
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Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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19 Jun 2010, 04:51
Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*3*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\), the same way as we did for 8). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: http://gmatclub.com/forum/factorfactorials100670.htmlHope it's clear.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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19 Jun 2010, 05:46
Thanks..can not be clearer than this.



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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03 Nov 2010, 15:20
Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks is \(k\) a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\)). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: factorfactorials100670.htmlHope it's clear. Thanks Bunuel. I have a question, what would happen if the second statement said this? (2) \(13!+ 1\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) I have seen some similar problems, in which they add 1. Could you post some links about it? Thanks!
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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03 Nov 2010, 15:51
metallicafan wrote: Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks is \(k\) a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\)). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: factorfactorials100670.htmlHope it's clear. Thanks Bunuel. I have a question, what would happen if the second statement said this? (2) \(13!+ 1\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) I have seen some similar problems, in which they add 1. Could you post some links about it? Thanks! So basically we should determine whether \(13!+1\) is a prime number (as shown above all other possible values of k are not are not prime), which cannot be done without a computer. There are some particular values of \(k=n!+1\) for which we can say whether it's a prime or not with help of Wilson's theorem, but again it's out of the scope of GMAT. By the way: \(13!+1\) is not a prime number, it has two distinct prime factors: \(13!+1=83*75,024,347=6,227,020,801\), so the answer still will be B.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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10 Feb 2011, 18:04
Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\)). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: factorfactorials100670.htmlHope it's clear. Sorry for the question, but I am just not understanding how you get 8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1) from 13!+8 then how do you know that k is a multiple of 8...I obviously have some deficiencies when it comes to number properties. So then how is k never a prime between those parameters? I would think (1*2*3*4*5*6*7*8*9*10*11*12*13) +8 ...



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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10 Feb 2011, 18:19
ChenggongMAS wrote: Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\)). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: factorfactorials100670.htmlHope it's clear. Sorry for the question, but I am just not understanding how you get 8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1) from 13!+8 then how do you know that k is a multiple of 8...I obviously have some deficiencies when it comes to number properties. So then how is k never a prime between those parameters? I would think (1*2*3*4*5*6*7*8*9*10*11*12*13) +8 ... k=13!+8 means k=2*3*4*5*6*7* 8*9*10*11*12*13+ 8, now factor out 8: k=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1) > k is a multiple of 8 as k=8*something > as k is a multiple of 8 it can not be a prime number. You can have any number from 2 to 13 inclusive instead of 8, and you'll be able to factor out this number the same way as you did with 8, so any number of a type 13!+x, wher x is from 2 to 13 inclusive will be a multiple of x, thus not a prime number. Check the link in my first post for similar problem. Also check Number Theory chapter of Math Book: mathnumbertheory88376.htmlHope it's clear.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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13 Dec 2011, 15:37
Answer can't be E, it has to be B. I don't have OG with me, but I need to check. 1. By itself not sufficient. K could be prime. 2. 13! + 2 <= K <= 13! + 13 ensures that you have ever number from 2  13 dividing k. That is: 13! + 2 > div by 2 13! + 3 > div by 3 ... so on till 13. So, answer should be B.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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29 Jan 2012, 16:21
Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*3*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\), the same way as we did for 8). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: ifxisanintegerdoesxhaveafactornsuchthat100670.htmlHope it's clear.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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29 Jan 2012, 16:22
Thanks for the great explanation.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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14 Feb 2012, 14:27
Hi bunuel I don't understand the definition of a prime ( 1<p<k ). I know what a prime is but this drives me nuts. For an example I take 10 for k. I have factors 2x5 that are greater than 1 and smaller than 10. Or is it asking for one factor? I see "a factor" in the question, which is singular. Then I understand this. It is really tricky. Posted from GMAT ToolKit



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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14 Feb 2012, 16:15
M3tm4n wrote: Hi bunuel I don't understand the definition of a prime ( 1<p<k ). I know what a prime is but this drives me nuts. For an example I take 10 for k. I have factors 2x5 that are greater than 1 and smaller than 10. Or is it asking for one factor? I see "a factor" in the question, which is singular. Then I understand this. It is really tricky. Posted from GMAT ToolKitQuestion asks whether some number k has a factor p which is more than 1 but less than k. For example if k=10 then the answer is yes, since both 2 and 5 are factors of 10 and are more than 1 and less than 10. But if for example k=7=prime then the answer is no, since 7 has no factor which is more than 1 and less than 7. Now, look at the definition of a prime number: a prime number is a positive integer with exactly two factors: 1 and itself. So, we can say that the questions asks whether k is a prime number, because if it is then it won't have a factor which is more than 1 and less than k. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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18 Nov 2012, 03:18
Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\), the same way as we did for 8). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: ifxisanintegerdoesxhaveafactornsuchthat100670.htmlHope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, I have a small query here Had the question been : 4!+2<k<4!+6, if I follow the approach explained above I may conclude that k is not a prime no. reason being all the factors of 4! are the factors of 4!+?. Since its easy to calculate here the values between 4!+2 and 4!+6, I already know that it includes 29 which is a prime no., where as in case of 13!+2<k<13!+13, it is not easy to calculate 13!, we may be missing some value which is a prime no. How do we make sure that we are not missing anything? (Assuming we can not cross check by calculating the values because of the time constraint at the exam time)



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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18 Nov 2012, 05:01
mneeti wrote: Bunuel wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? Question basically asks whether \(k\) is a prime number. If it is, then it won't have a factor \(p\) such that \(1<p<k\) (definition of a prime number). (1) \(k>4!\) > \(k\) is more than some number (\(4!=24\)). \(k\) may or may not be a prime. Not sufficient. (2) \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\) > \(k\) can not be a prime. For instance if \(k=13!+8=8*(2*4*5*6*7*9*10*11*12*13+1)\), then \(k\) is a multiple of 8, so not a prime. Same for all other numbers in this range. So, \(k=13!+x\), where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\) will definitely be a multiple of \(x\) (as we would be able to factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\), the same way as we did for 8). Sufficient. Answer: B. Check similar question: ifxisanintegerdoesxhaveafactornsuchthat100670.htmlHope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, I have a small query here Had the question been : 4!+2<k<4!+6, if I follow the approach explained above I may conclude that k is not a prime no. reason being all the factors of 4! are the factors of 4!+?. Since its easy to calculate here the values between 4!+2 and 4!+6, I already know that it includes 29 which is a prime no., where as in case of 13!+2<k<13!+13, it is not easy to calculate 13!, we may be missing some value which is a prime no. How do we make sure that we are not missing anything? (Assuming we can not cross check by calculating the values because of the time constraint at the exam time) If \(13!+2\leq{k}\leq{13!+13}\), then we can factor out \(x\) out of \(13!+x\) (where \(2\leq{x}\leq{13}\)), which means that k is not a prime. But you cannot apply the same logic with 4!+2<k<4!+6, since if k=4!+5, then you cannot factor out 5 out of it.
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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22 Jan 2013, 03:40
gmatcracker2010 wrote: i dont have any idea to solve the attached problem. Please provide methodology to solve such problems.
Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k?
(1) k > 4! (2) 13! + 2<= k <= 13!+13 1. if k=29 p=29= k NO! if k =35 p could be 7 or 5 YES! INSUFFICIENT! 2. 13! + 2 = 2(13!/2 + 1) = 2*odd 13! + 3 = 3(13!/3 + 1) = 3*odd ... 13! + 13 = 13 (12! +1) = 13*odd Always there is a 1< p < 13! + n Answer: B
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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27 Jan 2013, 21:25
So basically in the second statement we can factor out a number from 213 but if its higher than that we can't say for sure it would be a prime or not?
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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29 May 2013, 23:06
crazypriya wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? 1.k>4! 2.13!+2<=k<=13!+13 The question is basically asking whether K is prime or not. If it is prime then P can be 1 or k else it will follow 1<p<k. Statement 1. k>4! k>24; let's say k=25, then p=5; we get a Yes to the question. if k=29; then p=1 or 29; we get a No to the question. Thus, insufficient.Statement 2: 13!+2<=k<=13!+13 k can take any value from 13!+2 to 13!+13. All the values in this range has one thing in common. They all can have one common value: for e.g. 13!+2= 2[(13*12*...except 2)+1] 13!+10=10[(13*12*...(except 10)+1] No matter whether the value in the bracket is prime or not; the common value will make it non prime and will always give a yes to the question. Thus, sufficient.



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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29 May 2013, 23:17
crazypriya wrote: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1<p<k? 1.k>4! 2.13!+2<=k<=13!+13 Essentially this is about prime and nonprime. Option 1: k>4! Now assume k=5. then is there any factor of 5 which lies between 1 and 5? NO. Take k=6. then there is 2,3 which lies between 1 and 6. So 1 alone insufficient. Option 2: 13!+2<=k<=13!+13 Take say 13!+3. now it can be rewritten as 3*{(13.12.11.....4.2.1)+1} So there is 3 as factor between 1 and k. Similarly you can take the common factor out of all nos. in option 2. Therefore option 2 is sufficient! Add Kudos if this helps!



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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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12 Apr 2014, 18:25
Does the integer g have a factor f such that 1 < f < g ? 1) g>3! 2) 11!+11≥g≥11!+2
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Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ?
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13 Apr 2014, 02:10
Mountain14 wrote: Does the integer g have a factor f such that 1 < f < g ?
1) g>3! 2) 11!+11≥g≥11!+2 What we need to figure out in this question is if g is a prime number or not. If g is a prime number, it will not have a factor f, else it will have a factor f. 1) g > 3! means g is any number greater than 6. It can be a prime number, we do not know for sure. 2) 11!+11≥g≥11!+2 means g = 11! + k where 2 <= k <= 11, as all the numbers between 2 and 11 is present in 11!. g = k *(1+ 1*2*....) g will always have x as factor, so it is not prime. Hence, 2 is sufficient to answer the question. So option B.  +1Kudos if the answer helped




Re: Does the integer k have a factor p such that 1 < p < k ? &nbs
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