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# During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused

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During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Jun 2018, 05:40
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Question Stats:

71% (01:16) correct 29% (01:48) wrong based on 427 sessions

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During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused increasingly on starting and running successful businesses. However, since businesses must be profitable, computer scientists must focus on developing products that generate profit. Consequently, computer science has lost its creative aspect.

Which of the following assumptions is most necessary in order for the conclusion above to be drawn from the argument above?

A) All computer programs must lack creativity in order to be well received.
B) Some computer scientists entirely disregarded creativity and chose instead to pursue profit.
C) A program cannot be both creative and profitable.
D) Computer scientists are obsessed with the profitability of their work.
E) Non-profit institutions use large amounts of software.

Originally posted by agdimple333 on 13 Jun 2011, 11:25.
Last edited by abhimahna on 17 Jun 2018, 05:40, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and added OA
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2011, 11:45
C for me. The argument refers to creativity and profitability as mutually exclusive.

Crick
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 03:53
C.
Comp scientists "must" focus on profitability. Hence focus on profitability is a compulsion top set up a large business. This reduces the discretionary element and hence obsession is hard to justify. D is unlikely.

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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 04:40
The argument says that computer scientists have focused on profit, reducing creativity. This implies a trade off between the two.

C seems to highligh this the best

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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2011, 21:57
The "negation" technique is very powerful on assumption questions.

Let's negate choice C ----> "A program can be BOTH creative and profitable". If this
statement is true --> the argument in the stimulus will fall apart. Choice C is correct!
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 16:13
Why choice A and D not correct?

thanks.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 05:05
bidmanager wrote:
Why choice A and D not correct?

thanks.

A & D are both extreme answers. Also, they do not form a bridge between the conclusion and argument. C does so.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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29 May 2012, 03:31
agdimple333 wrote:
During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused increasingly on starting and running successful businesses. However, since businesses must be profitable, computer scientists must focus on developing products that generate profit. Consequently, computer science has lost its creative aspect.
Which of the following assumptions is most necessary in order for the conclusion above to be drawn from the argument above?
A) All computer programs must lack creativity in order to be well received.
B) Some computer scientists entirely disregarded creativity and chose instead to pursue profit.
C) A program cannot be both creative and profitable.
D) Computer scientists are obsessed with the profitability of their work.
E) Non-profit institutions use large amounts of software.

Computer scientists are focusing their energy on developing products which are profitable. Now, profitable products need not be always innovative. Hence, author concludes that they have lost their creativity

Assumption could be

Before 20 years (or in the past) computer scientists have developed very innovative or creative products.
Computer scientists have shifted their focus from creativity to profitability

Now let us see the choices

A. Not necessarily. This is not the point which author is making. He is not saying, that computer scientists need not be creative in order to be profitable. Moreover, this option is about computer programs. NO
B. This can be true but use the word 'entirely' creates a doubt.
C. It is too extreme. Author has not said that those who have developed a profitable product, they cant develop a creative product. Though, that might be true for majority.
D. This can be true. But use of the word obsessed seems extreme. Although it is less extreme than the word 'entirely' used in
option b. So this seems a right choice
E. Out of scope

I may be wrong. But I dont understand why c could be an answer. Doesnt it look like extreme statement?

Pls provide clarity.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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29 May 2012, 04:18
I felt A and C were the close answers as the real assumption in the argument is that if computer scientists made profitable programs, they have not been creative. Both A and C are close, but the difference between A and C is that A states "well received". This is ambiguous and may not mean "profitable". So I picked C.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2012, 12:20
C looks pretty straightforward as it connects the gap between profitability and creativity (more like a smokestacks and cleaner burning fuel example in the official guide but talks about the program in general not computer program)......so doesn't give much surety..........still looks the best answer though....negation also yields the desired result....so any expert please clarify the doubt
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2012, 13:44
Any answer is C as well.
C) A program cannot be both creative and profitable. - Correct Assumption.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2012, 15:23

The argument’s conclusion is: "computer science has lost its creative aspect"

The argument draws the false dichotomy that the writing of profitable programs requires forgoing the writing of creative applications. In other words, it assumes that profitable and creative programs are mutually exclusive. Further, it assumes that all computer scientists are pursuing writing profitable programs.
A.There is a difference between being well received and being profitable. The argument assumes that only non-creative programs can be profitable. However, this does not mean creative programs will not be well-received. It just means they will not be profitable.
B.Even if some computer scientists disregarded creativity, we cannot (as the original argument and this answer do) assume that creativity and profit are mutually exclusive.
C.This answer identifies a crucial assumption in the original argument. If writing creative and profitable programs were not mutually exclusive, then one could write profitable programs without "computer science [having] lost its creative aspect."
D.The extent to which a computer scientist is obsessed with the profitability of his work has no influence on whether profitability drives away creativity (as the original argument assumes).
E.The users of software have influence on whether software can be both profitable and creative.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2012, 20:17
i accept with c here
even i went with it..
but is ti necessary that a programme means a computer programme here...

what if the answer choice is talking of some other programme
that makes the question controversial

please correct me if i am wrong
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 00:07
agdimple333 wrote:
During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused increasingly on starting and running successful businesses. However, since businesses must be profitable, computer scientists must focus on developing products that generate profit. Consequently, computer science has lost its creative aspect.
Which of the following assumptions is most necessary in order for the conclusion above to be drawn from the argument above?
A) All computer programs must lack creativity in order to be well received.
B) Some computer scientists entirely disregarded creativity and chose instead to pursue profit.
C) A program cannot be both creative and profitable.
D) Computer scientists are obsessed with the profitability of their work.
E) Non-profit institutions use large amounts of software.

I will go for D. Reason I believe is as below,

A) All computer programs must lack creativity in order to be well received. ---it is nowhere implied that for profitable it has to lack creativity, what is written is that CS started focussing to be more profitable hence lacking in creativity. ---No

B) Some computer scientists entirely disregarded creativity and chose instead to pursue profit.----this statement talks about some scientists, but para above says in general for last 20 years or so......hence No

C) A program cannot be both creative and profitable. ----Nowhere from para it is relected that program cannot be both creative and profitable, what is mentioned is CS for being more profitable paid less attention to creativity-----hence No.

D) Computer scientists are obsessed with the profitability of their work.----It is only statement which is reflecting that for being profitable CS are paying less attention to creativity.

E) Non-profit institutions use large amounts of software.[/quote]---Out of context.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2017, 23:44
OA is C.
Thank you
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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06 May 2017, 19:07
I will go with C,
Because it is already told to us that scientists are focused running successful businesses.Therefore profitablility and creativity cannot go hand in hand.That's why we have to assume that a program cannot be creative and profitable at the same time.
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Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 03:34
Isn't option C vague? It is talking about programs in general whereas we are talking about computer programs here. It also seems too extreme.

I chose D here but I don't think that is right either. We are not told about the computer scientists obsession. It could be a co-incidence.
Re: During the past 20 years, computer scientists focused   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 03:34
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