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Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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108 00:00

Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 68% (02:00) correct 32% (02:11) wrong based on 1734 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indicating the distance between a pair of the five cities. If the table were extended to represent the distances between all pairs of 30 cities and each distance were to be represented by only one entry, how many entries would the table then have?

(A) 60
(B) 435
(C) 450
(D) 465
(E) 900

Attachment: Table.png [ 23.23 KiB | Viewed 40159 times ]

Originally posted by snkrhed on 02 Jun 2010, 10:32.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Apr 2018, 04:39, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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snkrhed wrote: Each dot in the mileage table above represents an entry indicating the distance between a pair of the five cities. If the table were extended to represent the distances of 30 cities and each distance were to be represented by only one entry, how many entries would the table then have?

(A) 60
(B) 435
(C) 450
(D) 465
(E) 900

We are told that there should be one entry for each pair. How many entries would the table then have? Or how many different pairs can 30 cities give?

$$C^2_{30}=435$$

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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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snkrhed wrote:
So there's a chart that looks a lot like this:

-E D C B A
A * * * *
B * * *
C * *
D *
E

Each * in the mileage table above represents an entry indicating the distance between all pairs of 30 cities and each distance were to be represented by only one entry, how many entries would the table then have?

(A) 60
(B) 435
(C) 450
(D) 465
(E) 900

City B, the second city has 1 point
City C the third city has 2 points
City D, the fourth city has 3 points

What's the pattern?

Number of cities minus 1 so the 30th city is going to have 29 points

Then it becomes a matter of adding the consecutive integers from 1 to 29
The sum is the average * number of terms
average = 15
number of terms = 29
29*15 = 435
##### General Discussion
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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1
Because the GMAT is multiple choice.

I first found the pattern mentioned each additional city adds (total cities - 1) to the table.

So I figure with 30 cities the last 3 cities added 29+28+27 to our total number of entries so (A) is ridiculous

And I knew the whole table would be 30x30 with 900 entries. Since I know I will not have entries for each box I ruled out (E) 900

Looking at the remaining choices I thought

(B) 435 = less than half the table is filled
(C) 450 = exactly half the table is filled
(D) 465 = more than half the table is filled

The table given shows a 5x5 table with only 10 entries. 10< .5(25)

So I chose (B).

This method works for these answer choices, but if the choices were 430, 435, 440 I would be screwed right?
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This can be done in n * (n - 1) / 2 ways.

Hence -> 30 * 29 / 2 = 435 ways.

Correct answer choice is B. Thank You.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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How would this question be solved using a consecutive integer format? Can you find the average on the consecutive integers and then multiply by the number of terms? I ask because this question is listed as a consecutive integer question in the MGAMT quant guide.
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stevennu wrote:
How would this question be solved using a consecutive integer format? Can you find the average on the consecutive integers and then multiply by the number of terms? I ask because this question is listed as a consecutive integer question in the MGAMT quant guide.

If second entry =1
third entry = 2
30th entry = 29 etc

Thus S(n)=n/2(2a+(n-1)d) where a=1, d=1, n=29
plug in and you get the answer.
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
snkrhed wrote:
Attachment:
img.jpg

Each dot in the mileage table above represents an entry indicating the distance between a pair of the five cities. If the table were extended to represent the distances of 30 cities and each distance were to be represented by only one entry, how many entries would the table then have?

(A) 60
(B) 435
(C) 450
(D) 465
(E) 900

We are there told that there should be one entry for each pair. How many entries would the table then have? Or how many different pairs can 30 cities give?

$$C^2_{30}=435$$

Hi Bunuel,

Can you please elaborate on how this formula works?

Thanks!

EDIT: I did it via the table method but i've seen your formula pop up quite often and I'm failing miserably at it. That might explain the horrible score in NP. I understand what formula to use but i'm having a hard time connecting the formula to the problem "$$C^n_k = \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!}$$"
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russ9 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
snkrhed wrote:
Attachment:
img.jpg

Each dot in the mileage table above represents an entry indicating the distance between a pair of the five cities. If the table were extended to represent the distances of 30 cities and each distance were to be represented by only one entry, how many entries would the table then have?

(A) 60
(B) 435
(C) 450
(D) 465
(E) 900

We are there told that there should be one entry for each pair. How many entries would the table then have? Or how many different pairs can 30 cities give?

$$C^2_{30}=435$$

Hi Bunuel,

Can you please elaborate on how this formula works?

Thanks!

EDIT: I did it via the table method but i've seen your formula pop up quite often and I'm failing miserably at it. That might explain the horrible score in NP. I understand what formula to use but i'm having a hard time connecting the formula to the problem "$$C^n_k = \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!}$$"

$$C^2_{30}$$ is choosing 2 out of 30. There are 30 cities and each pair of cities need an entry, hence 30 cites need $$C^2_{30}$$ entries.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

$$C^2_30$$ is choosing 2 out of 30. There are 30 cities and each pair of cities need an entry, hence 30 cites need $$C^2_30$$ entries.

Hope it's clear.

Hi Bunuel,

Unfortunately, still not clear. Why are we choosing 2 out of 30?
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russ9 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

$$C^2_30$$ is choosing 2 out of 30. There are 30 cities and each pair of cities need an entry, hence 30 cites need $$C^2_30$$ entries.

Hope it's clear.

Hi Bunuel,

Unfortunately, still not clear. Why are we choosing 2 out of 30?

Consider the table given in the original post: A and B have 1 entry;
A and C have 1 entry;
A and D have 1 entry;
A and E have 1 entry;
B and C have 1 entry;
B and D have 1 entry;
B and E have 1 entry;
C and D have 1 entry;
C and E have 1 entry;
D and E have 1 entry.

So, each pair of letters from {A, B, C, D, E} has 1 entry, total of 10 entries. How many pairs can we have? $$C^2_5=10$$.

Does this make sense?
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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Combination formula is no doubt easiest and fastest. But other method is

Imagine it was an excel spreadsheet. Remove Cells A1, B2, C3, D4 etc, basically a diagonal across. Total will be 30 such cells.
So now we have 900 - 30 = 870.

On both sides of the diagonal distance (between cities) is shown twice.

Therefore divide 870 into half.

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How if as:
the pattern is 5*5= 25-5=20/2=10
Thus, 30*30= 900-30= 870/2 = 435
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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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The distance from each city to its own is not represented in the table.
So in the case of 5 cities, each city can have a distance w.r.t another 4 cities. ( A-B,A-C,A-D,A-E; BUT NOT A-A)
Hence these 5 cities can have 5*4 = 20 distances.
However we are representing each distance (to and fro) only once instead of twice. e.g A-B is same as B-A. Hence divide 20/2 = 10 dots

Similarly, in case of 30 cities, total distances will be 30*29 = 870
But we want to represent each distance only once instead of twice, so 870/2= 435 dots

Hope its clear!
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Hi Mates,

How are we getting this 29 for 30 cities?
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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Hi kirtivardhan,

The prompt gives us a 5x5 table, then tells us that it will be EXTENDED to a 30x30 table. From the table, you can see the 'pattern' involving the dots - as you go 'to the right', each column has one more dot in it than the column before. This means the final column will have 29 dots in it.

There are actually several different ways to answer this question. Noticing that LESS than HALF of the squares have dots in them and using the "spread" of the answer choices can help you to avoid most of the "math" involved in this question.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
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kirtivardhan wrote:
Hi Mates,

How are we getting this 29 for 30 cities?

The distance from a city to itself is not measured. If there are 5 cities A,B,C,D,E, THEN we measure A-B, A-C,A-D, A-E but not A-A.
This for 5 cities, we get 4 distances.

When there are total 30 cities, we measure 29 distances for each city.
Hope its clear.
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I used one of the Kaplan formulas:

Sum of Sequence = Mean of terms * number of terms

Mean of terms (when evenly spaced) = (Largest Number - Smallest Number)/2
Number of terms = (Largest Number - Smallest Number) + 1

Mean = (1 + 29)/2 = 15
Terms = (29-1)+1 = 29

Sum of Sequence = 15*29 = 435

I used 1 and 29, because there are 30 rows, but the first is blank so R1 has 0, R2 has 1, R3 has 2..... R29 has 28, and R30 has 29.

Is this method correct to use?
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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Hi stephyw,

Your approach absolutely works. If you read the other posts in this thread, you'll see that there are several ways to approach this prompt (and most of the questions that you'll see on Test Day will also be approachable in multiple ways). This goes to show that just because you got a question correct doesn't necessarily mean that you can't improve on your process. There might be a faster, more strategic way to approach the prompt; there might be a way that requires less 'work', etc. As you continue to study, you should commit some of your time to improving your overall tactical knowledge - those other methods can help you to increase your scores, improve your pacing and get "unstuck" when dealing with a question in which "your" approach doesn't seem to get you to the solution.

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Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica  [#permalink]

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stephyw wrote:
I used one of the Kaplan formulas:

Sum of Sequence = Mean of terms * number of terms

Mean of terms (when evenly spaced) = (Largest Number - Smallest Number)/2
Number of terms = (Largest Number - Smallest Number) + 1

Mean = (1 + 29)/2 = 15
Terms = (29-1)+1 = 29

Sum of Sequence = 15*29 = 435

I used 1 and 29, because there are 30 rows, but the first is blank so R1 has 0, R2 has 1, R3 has 2..... R29 has 28, and R30 has 29.

Is this method correct to use?

Hi , can you explain how you chose largest and smallest number ? !!!
and as you mentioned in the above formula
Mean of terms (when evenly spaced) = (Largest Number - Smallest Number)/2
and how you reach to this
Mean = (1 + 29)/2 = 15 ????

Thanks Re: Each • in the mileage table above represents an entry indica   [#permalink] 04 May 2016, 08:17

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