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Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code

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Joined: 11 Oct 2017
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Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 82

Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 18:19
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:10) correct 27% (01:47) wrong based on 73 sessions

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Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code where each digit is selected from the digits 1 through 9, inclusive. If the digits may be repeated and if the same digits used in a different order represent a different code, how many different items at the market can be labeled with a unique code?


A. 216
B. 504
C. 3,024
D. 3,600
E. 7,371


Ready4GMAT app
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 82

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D
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 5336

Kudos [?]: 6088 [1], given: 121

Re: Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 19:35
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ladyrenee95 wrote:
Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code where each digit is selected from the digits 1 through 9, inclusive. If the digits may be repeated and if the same digits used in a different order represent a different code, how many different items at the market can be labeled with a unique code?


A. 216
B. 504
C. 3,024
D. 3,600
E. 7,371


Ready4GMAT app


2-digit code = 9*9
3-digit code = 9*9*9
4-digit code = 9*9*9*9

total = \(9*9+9*9*9+9*9*9*9=9*9(1+9+9*9)=81*(1+9+81)=81*91\)

no more calculations required ..
UNIT's digit will be 1*1=1 and only choice with units digit as 1 is E
ans E
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Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Kudos [?]: 6088 [1], given: 121

Manager
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Joined: 07 Jun 2017
Posts: 176

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 59

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 660 Q46 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
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Re: Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 23:19
9∗9+9∗9∗9+9∗9∗9∗9=9∗9(1+9+9∗9)=81∗(1+9+81)=81∗91

answer should be E , the only answer has last digit 1
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email: nkmungila@gmail.com
Please press kudos if you like this post

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 59

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Joined: 04 Mar 2011
Posts: 1788

Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 5

Re: Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 07:20
ladyrenee95 wrote:
Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code where each digit is selected from the digits 1 through 9, inclusive. If the digits may be repeated and if the same digits used in a different order represent a different code, how many different items at the market can be labeled with a unique code?


A. 216
B. 504
C. 3,024
D. 3,600
E. 7,371


The number of 2-digit codes is 9 x 9 = 9^2, the number of 3-digit codes is 9 x 9 x 9 = 9^3, and the number of 4-digit codes is 9 x 9 x 9 x 9 = 9^4, so the total number of codes is:

9^2 + 9^3 + 9^4 = 9^2(1 + 9 + 9^2) = 81(91) = 7371

Answer: E
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Head of GMAT Instruction

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Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 5

Re: Each item sold at a market is labelled with a 2-, 3-, or 4- digit code   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 07:20
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