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# Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is

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Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 08:44
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

74% (00:59) correct 26% (01:00) wrong based on 258 sessions

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Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is in need of a drastically reformed system of industrial waste disposal.

(A) which has pollution as a severe problem is
(B) where the pollution problem has become severe is
(C) where the pollution problem has become severe are
(D) in an area in which the pollution problem has become severe are
(E) in which the pollution problem has become severe are

The official answer is given as B. I've studied that relative pronoun "where" is mostly used to represent specific place but here "Each of factory towns" is not a specific place. Please let me know what all are exceptions to this rule?
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 10:40
dineesha wrote:
I've studied that relative pronoun "where" is mostly used to represent specific place but here "Each of factory towns" is not a specific place. Please let me know what all are exceptions to this rule?

I believe "where" is used to modify a place. "Each of factory towns" is definitely a place. The sentence isn't talking about every factory town. It is referring to factory towns where there is pollution problem.

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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 10:54
here where is referring to factory town
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 11:17
4
Got it right: B

(A) which has pollution as a severe problem is >> 'which' refers to towns (plural), so 'has' is wrong.
(B) where the pollution problem has become severe is >> correctly refers to 'towns'
(C) where the pollution problem has become severe are >> "each" is singular so 'are' is wrong
(D) in an area in which the pollution problem has become severe are >> wrong 'are'
(E) in which the pollution problem has become severe are >> wrong 'are'
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 09:17
Can you please clarify how does "which" refer to plural? Or if the first option had " which have" then would it be the correct choice? Please reply. Thanks in advance
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 11:06
sri30kanth wrote:
Can you please clarify how does "which" refer to plural? Or if the first option had " which have" then would it be the correct choice? Please reply. Thanks in advance

If option A had had have instead of has then it would have been one strong contender to OA, but I would still prefer to use where rather than which because where suits to modify a place such as town.

Further, for your first question : Can you please clarify how does "which" refer to plural?
I would say this is one of the signature format of GMAT; some official questions were created to test this logic and further other prep companies also created their own versions. Refer following sentence.

Lake Michigan, one of the lakes that flow through United States, is the largest fresh water source.

... one of plural that verb(plural) ...
... one of plural, which verb(plural) ...

Refer this question and explanation as well :
twenty-two-feet-long-and-10-feet-in-diameter-the-am-1-is-12821-20.html#p1381818
Note it down in your error log.
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 08:45
1
Thanks a lot Piyush for the explanation. But I am still unable to internalize this plural usage. I have always thought that "Each of " and "One of" should be singular.
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 13:14
2
sri30kanth wrote:
Thanks a lot Piyush for the explanation. But I am still unable to internalize this plural usage. I have always thought that "Each of " and "One of" should be singular.

I think you are mixing two concepts. Refer following sentences.

Each of these shirts is nice. -- here subject is each ... so we used singular verb.
Each of these shirts, which were hanging on display, is nice. -- here relative pronoun which is referring to the shirts. Therefore, subject of relative clause is plural shirts and we need a plural verb inside relative clause. Further you can see main verb is still singular.

one of ... is special in this aspect as there is no exception to construction as recommended in my previous comment.
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2018, 04:32
dc1509 wrote:
Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is in need of a drastically reformed system of industrial waste disposal.

(A) which has pollution as a severe problem is
(B) where the pollution problem has become severe is
(C) where the pollution problem has become severe are
(D) in an area in which the pollution problem has become severe are
(E) in which the pollution problem has become severe are

The official answer is given as B. I've studied that relative pronoun "where" is mostly used to represent specific place but here "Each of factory towns" is not a specific place. Please let me know what all are exceptions to this rule?

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

B

Let's start by deciding whether the verb at the end of the underlined section should be “is”or “are.”What is the subject of the verb? “Each of the factory towns.” Since “each” is always singular, the correct verb form must be “is”; this narrows our choices down to (A) and (B).“Which has pollution as a severe problem” is awkward and “where the solution problem is severe” is not, so (B) is the correct answer.
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Re: Each of the factory towns which has pollution as a severe problem is   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2018, 04:32
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