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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Manager
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 01:21
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This is the general rule:
One of the 'Noun' (will always be plural) + that/who + Plural Verb
e.g. This is one of the questions that are incorrect
vs
One of the 'Noun‘ (will always be plural) + Singular Verb
e.g. One of the chairs is broken
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 02:22
main question is to what "that" refers?
is it referring to AM-1 or satellites?

I think it is referring to satellites, because all the satellites are part of effort and not just AM-1, so that eliminates A and B.
C makes " part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earthâ€™s atmosphere .. " modifying whole main clause , so this is not correct.

this left us with D & E.

in D -> "that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions" -> second "that" refers to effort ??, so does it means effort has subjected the interactions? I find this option as wordy and ambiguous.

in E -> " that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions" -> clear meaning compare to D.

So, for me its E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2012, 23:43
Clearly E
satellites should be followed by are not is
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2013, 11:08
the portion" part of ....." is describing the AM-I. If this part is used with "which" then it becomes non-essential modifier which changes the meaning. So that is necessary to retain the meaning
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 14:39
It is E.

one of the SOMETHING that

it depends on what the "that" refers to.

In this case "that" refers to "many satellites".
AM-1 is not the only one that examine things.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2014, 11:58
THAT is referring to AM-1 or satellites?
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 07:29
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land
surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land
surfaces

Meaning : AM-1 is Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter. AM-1 is part of the new satellites which are part of a 15-year effort. The effort was to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space

Option A) the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites. That replaces satellites so the verb should be plural and not singular.
15 years effort is not the correct usage. it should be "a 15 year effort". - Incorrect.

Option B) satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
interact - Incorrect.

Option C) AM-1 is one of the many new satellites, part - > part represents a noun modifier and that should modify the closest noun from the preceding clause.There is no closest noun in the preceding clause which can be modified by "part" - incorrect.

Option D) satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces. "That" should replace effort and that is closest to years which is incorrect. That can be corrected by using "a 15 year effort that".
And also there is a meaning issue. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years -> Satellites was there for 15 years but as per the original sentence, the effort was for 15 years.
Hence incorrect

Option E) looks good and correct answer.
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Last edited by kinjiGC on 27 Apr 2014, 08:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 07:47
I think for sentences starting with " One of xxxxxx" , subject has to be the object of preposition .
In this question the object of preposition is Many satellites" which is plural . so we need plural verb "are".
So , A, B eliminated.
In option C, "part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting"
doesn't have a noun in it. ----wrong .

In option D, that is referring to Years. --- wrong .

Hence E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 01:23
jitbec wrote:
OA is E and it is E. one of plural takes plural verb

Should it be "the AM-1 is (one of the many new satellites) that is a part of 15 years"

Or should it be "the AM-1 is one of (the many new satellites that are a part) of 15 years..?

I am utterly confused. If AM-1 is the main topic of the sentence, then A should be the answer, isn't it?
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 02:28
pretzel wrote:
jitbec wrote:
OA is E and it is E. one of plural takes plural verb

Should it be "the AM-1 is (one of the many new satellites) that is a part of 15 years"

Or should it be "the AM-1 is one of (the many new satellites that are a part) of 15 years..?

I am utterly confused. If AM-1 is the main topic of the sentence, then A should be the answer, isn't it?

the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites
that is a part of 15 years

That indicates a new clause
"satellites " replaces that
So the next clause is
satellites is a part of 15 years
There is a subject verb error.

the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that are a part of a 15 year effort - Perfect
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 07:35
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That's right. You need "are".

Let's take an example:
He is one of the few friends who has/have helped me.

"He" and "is" are in agreement.

Note that the sentence doesn't say, "He is THE one" to suggest that only he has helped me. In the "one of X" construction, X must be plural (you can select one from many, not from one).
So let's write this part as: He is one of them.

On to the second part. This part can be written thus: A few friends HAVE helped me.

The original sentence is saying:
A few friends have helped me.
He is one of them.

When you combine the two, "them" becomes "the few friends who HAVE helped me".

Whenever you notice the definite article "the"--before "friends" (and before "satellites" in the question)--take it as a hint and deconstruct the sentence as shown above. Then applying subject-verb agreement becomes easy.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 May 2014, 04:04
Could somebody explain what is the difference between- "part of 15 years effort" and "part of a 15-year effort"??
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 May 2014, 05:22
vishalsharma wrote:
Could somebody explain what is the difference between- "part of 15 years effort" and "part of a 15-year effort"??

As per the usage "part of a 15 year effort" is correct compared to "part of 15 years effort". What I can understand part of something and something is a 15 year effort - it means a complete entity.

@mikemcgarry - Can you also please clarify once.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 06:53
jitbec wrote:
OA is E and it is E. one of plural takes plural verb

One is always singular and singular subjects go with singular verbs "is" is infact correct.
consider the example - honda is one of the many new car makers that is nominated to get the award.
prepositional phrases are always removed and the sentence becomes honda is one that is nominated to get the award.
similarly , am-1 is one that is... not are
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 09:02
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SIddharthMalik93 wrote:
One is always singular and singular subjects go with singular verbs "is" is infact correct.
consider the example - honda is one of the many new car makers that is nominated to get the award.
prepositional phrases are always removed and the sentence becomes honda is one that is nominated to get the award.
similarly , am-1 is one that is... not are

Actually it should be: honda is one of the many new car makers that are nominated to get the award.

Basically the sentence is saying:

There are many new car makers that are nominated to get the award; Honda is one of them.

GMAT is pretty consistent with this kind of structure (as is the case in this sentence: AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that are part of a 15-year effort...).

A known exception to this is when the sentence uses the word only.

Honda is the only one of the many new car makers that is nominated to get the award.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses this issue of modification by that, its application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 20:38
E wins .. "That" and "which" act more or less in the same way in describing only the word that immediately precedes them.

one of the many factors, which are visibly seen.

one of the many factors that are visibly seen.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 10:06
janxavier wrote:
E wins .. "That" and "which" act more or less in the same way in describing only the word that immediately precedes them.

one of the many factors, which are visibly seen.

one of the many factors that are visibly seen.

Actually in GMAT, the usage of that and which shows a consistent pattern of usage difference; more specifically, that is much more flexible and can modify words that are not immediately preceding.

An example is #105, OG-13, where that modifies tool (..... a tool for private conversation that could substitute...), though private conversation was the immediately preceding word. There are many such examples in OG.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the usage difference between which and that, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2014, 03:04
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter,
the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites
that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of
Earthâ€™s atmosphere,
oceans, and
land surfaces

to detailed scrutiny
from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

1. The interactions of X is subjected to Y.
1.a. effort of subjecting Vs effort to subject. Q: Whats the intention to the 15-year effort? to subject the interactions of X to Y

2. 2/3 slpit Is Vs Are: Which one to go for?
Text post the satellites is describing "satellites" and not AM-1. AM-1 has already been well introduced in the starting of the sentence.Now the many new satellites need to be explained to justify their purpose.So Are is req. A,B are out.

3. an effort for 15 yrs Vs a 15-years effort. Later sounds more correct. A,C,D r out.
A valuable note from "daagh".
First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2014, 00:47
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earthâ€™s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 04:31
Indeed a good question , almost i went to mark A but rule that saved me from marking wrong one was 'One of plural noun +that +verb will be plural '

Hope it helps
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2014, 04:31

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