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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 907
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2015, 22:03
Praveengeol wrote:
Thanks Dom for response, Is one of not considered as singular?
I was stumped becaue of this.

Hi Praveen, this indeed often creates confusion.

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this concept, appropriately titled "One of" the mysteries, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Joined: 10 Aug 2015
Posts: 33
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V38
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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08 May 2016, 23:34
1
KUDOS
chunjuwu wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

The problem with this sentence is the meaning. The original sentence is just a train wreck and also has subject-verb agreement issue.(Satellites-is)

Now for subject verb and wrong modifier issues we can eliminate from a to c.

Coming to D - once again the meaning is the issue. As per the that modifier here - sentence states that effort has subjected the interaction but the effort did not do any action it just studied the actions.
So E clears the meaning by giving us the infinitive of purpose. E states that the purpose of the effort is to study/subject the interactions.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2017, 10:58
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - that is incorrect as that refers to satellites . 15 years effort is incorrect .
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact - which is incorrect as which refers to satellites
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting - 15 years effort is incorrect
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - infinitive is needed to show purpose . Illogical pronoun usage - that
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces - Correct

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2017, 10:17
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

Issue: Modifier | S/V Agreement | Verb form

Analysis:
1. The sentence talks about "AM-1" which is part of many new satellites.
2. "that" following "satellites" is an essential modifier for the satellites. Hence, we need to make sure that the verb in the modifier agrees with the plural "satellites"
3. Also, we need to careful about the meaning conveyed by the clause in each of the options that switches between verb form for "subject". Since, the sentence is talking about a 15 year long effort, the appropriate form to use here would be "infinitive"

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

Manager
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2017, 04:18
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - "is" does not work with plural subject "satellites"
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact - "is" does not work with plural subject "satellites"
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting - no verb for "satellites", therefore the sentence is a fragment
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - "that has subjected ..." complete mess
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces - CORRECT .. "are" clearly refers to plural "satellites" and the meaning is as clear as crystal
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NOTE: I am not an expert, therefore my analysis answering the questions may be incorrect and may not be relied upon. However I will appreciate if you can correct the mistakes I may have made in my analysis.

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Apr 2014
Posts: 485
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 12:23
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 14:30
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
- "is" should be "are" b/c of plural "satellites". also "15 years of effort" is awkward/wordy.

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
- ", which" incorrectly refers to satellites, which ends up changing the meaning of the argument. also, same as "A" ("is" should be "are")

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
- same as "A" ("15 years of effort" = awkward/wordy).

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
- "part of an effort for 15 years" is wordy/awkward...should be written as "part of a 15-year effort". also, "has subjected" should be "to subject" to be // to "to detailed"

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
- correct as is

pretty straightforward here.
> SV theme big ("is" for "are")
> Modifier issue...pay attention to ", which"
> satellites THAT = preferred
> general awkwardness/wordiness in some A/C (easy to spot when you compare them to each other)

Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2017
Posts: 1
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 11:03
Why not B?
Intern
Joined: 16 Sep 2012
Posts: 10
GMAT 1: 660 Q44 V37
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 12:05
Drishti Bathija wrote:
Why not B?

Even if you don't spot the other errors, you can rule out B based on the first three words. Certain times it helps to simplify/break down the prompt. Especially if you are the kind who goes by the ear more than by textbook grammar (although the latter is preferable)

Simplified: ....the AM-1 is one of many new satellites that are observing earth... - doesn't that sound better than '....the AM-1 is one of many new satellites that is observing earth...'?

Once you read the prompt and glance (not read) through the answer options, you will realize immediately that the makers are trying to test you on whether it is going to be an 'is' or an 'are'.

Hope that helps.

- A
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2497
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 13:12
hellosanthosh2k2 wrote:
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks

Hello hellosanthosh2k2,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt or not, but here is the explanation anyways.

Choice D has a very prominent error. The noun modifier that modifies the preceding entity 15 years. This modification is absolutely non-sensical because 15 years has not subjected anyone to anything.

Now let's talk about Choice E. There is no issue with the usage of to subject in this choice.

The sentence intends to say that some satellites are part of a 15-year effort. What is the purpose of this effort? The purpose is to subject or bring the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

Hence, use of to subject to present the purpose of an action is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2497
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 13:26
Drishti Bathija wrote:
Why not B?

Hello drishti Bathija,

Choice B has a couple of errors.

i. Use of singular verb is after which suggests that the noun modifier which modifies one of the many new satellites. This modification does not make sense because the AM-1 is not the only satellite involved in the said effort. It is just one of the satellites.

Hence, we need the noun modifier to modify the many new satellites as all these satellites are part of the effort.

ii. The correct expression is to subject A to B. Use of how after to subject in this choice is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2017, 13:26

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